Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Gay male performances in American confessional documentary and reality television.

By Christopher Pullen

Abstract

This thesis examines the performance of gay males presented in American confessional documentary and reality television, and relates this to the construction\ud of homosexual identity. It specifically focuses on the representation of social actors involved in performance, as well as contextualising the contribution of producers.\ud Although it does not present an historical analysis, it examines a timescale: between 1971 and 2004. A central context is the hypothesis that confessional documentary\ud and reality television offer discursive and performative spaces to social actors, who may engage with the idea of `performativity': the ability to influence ideas in society.\ud The context of individual agency is examined in relation to the potential of `capillary' power: power which may exist outside dominant forces. In this way Michel Foucault's ideas on power and discourse are foregrounded in relation to\ud theorists who suggest the potential for cultural and social resistance. At the same time sociological contexts, and specifically the idea of social construction are examined. Anthony Giddens' ideas on `experiments in living' are discussed alongside social theorists who suggest that new forms of social identity may be offered by homosexuals.\ud A central finding is the observation that models of homosexual identification have progressed towards `the domestic'. This not only involves gay males represented in stable romantic relationships and (non-traditional) `family' roles, but also that through connecting themselves with domestic production they potentially influence dominant ideas. This thesis extends previous ideas of homosexual identity examined in the media (those historically formulated within the context of film and drama studies). In this way it offers new discursive ideas surrounding gay identity, making new connections in confessional documentary and reality television

Topics: soc
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk:414

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (1999). A Matter of Life and Death. doi
  2. (1998). Acts of Intervention: Performance, Gay Culture, and AIDS. doi
  3. (1986). AIDS in the Kind ofAmerica: the Social, Political, and Psychological Impact of a new Epidemic.
  4. (1995). AIDS TV: Identity, Community and Alternative Video. doi
  5. (2000). Alternate Channels: The Uncensored Story of Gay and Lesbian Images on Radio and Television.
  6. (2002). An American Family: A Televised Life.
  7. (2002). Big Brother: The Real Audience. Television and New Media. doi
  8. (1984). Camp and Gay Sensibility. In:
  9. (2002). Camp: Queer Aesthetics and the Performing Subject: A Reader.
  10. (1992). Capitalism and Modern Social Theory; An Analysis of the writings of Marx, Durkhiem, doi
  11. (2004). Children of the Third World and AIDS Representation in Documentary: Agency, Performance and Ethics.
  12. (2004). Contemporary Music Video Culture in Television and Film Drama: Narrative, Performance and (Post)Modernity. ln: doi
  13. (1993). Deviance, Politics and the Media.
  14. (2000). Ethics: Essential works of Foucault doi
  15. (1999). Exhibition and Empire: National Parks and Performance of Manifest Destiny. doi
  16. (2003). Fatal distractions: MTV meets postmodern theory.
  17. (1988). Feminism and Theatre. doi
  18. (1998). Freaks Talk Back: Tabloid Talk Shows and Sexual Nonconformity. doi
  19. (2000). Freakshow: First Person Media and Factual Television.
  20. Gay Performativity and Reality Television: Alliances, Competition and Discourse.
  21. (1990). Gay Politics and Community in San Francisco Since World War II.
  22. (1990). Gender Trouble, doi
  23. (1981). Going Gay: identities and lifccycles in a male gay world.
  24. (2001). Hearing Film: Tracking Identifications in Contemporary Hollywood Film Music. doi
  25. (1988). hegemony and New Political Subjects: Towards a New Concept of Democracy. In: doi
  26. (1971). Homosexual: Oppression doi
  27. (1991). Ideology; An Introduction. doi
  28. (1986). Ileavenly Bodies: Film Stars and Society.
  29. (1983). Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism London. doi
  30. (1997). Imagining the Queer South: Southern Lesbian and
  31. (1991). J├╝rgen Habermas: Critic in the Pub, is Sphere. doi
  32. (2002). Keeping it Real. The Advocate.
  33. (1998). Latino Men and HIV: Culture, Sexuality and Risk Behaviour. doi
  34. (1989). Lesbian Subjectivity in Realism: Dragging at the Margins of Structure and Ideology.
  35. (1994). Living Proof: Courage in the Face ofAIDS. Forward by Ian McKellen.
  36. (1993). Making Things Perfectly Queer: Interpreting Mass Culture. doi
  37. (2002). Media, Gender and Identity: An Introduction. doi
  38. (1992). Modernity and Self Identity: Self and Society in the late Modem Age.. Reprint. Cambridge, doi
  39. (1989). MTV: Swinging on the (postmodern)
  40. (1996). Must Identity Movements Self Destruct? doi
  41. (2002). New Channels: The Real World as Social Movement Communication Springfield.
  42. (2000). New Documentary: A Critical Introduction. doi
  43. (1999). New Subjectivities: Documentary and Self Representation in the Post-Verite Age,
  44. (1998). No Other Way to Tell It: Dramadoc/docudrama on television. doi
  45. (1990). Now You See It: Studies on Lesbian and Gay Film. doi
  46. (1981). On Social Representation. In: Forgas,
  47. (1996). On Social Structure and Science, Edited by Sztompka, P. doi
  48. (1999). Out for Good. Simon and Schuster,
  49. (1991). Pedro's Story: Teen with AIDS Virus Tries to Teach Youths Some Lessons for Life. The Wall Street Journal.
  50. (1996). Performance: A Critical Introduction. doi
  51. (2002). Performing the Real. Television and New Media. doi
  52. (2003). Personal communication with author.
  53. (2003). Personal interview with series producer of The Real World Paris.
  54. (1999). Postmodernism, or, The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism doi
  55. (2002). Prime Time Fiction Theorises The Docu-Real.
  56. (1995). Public Intimacies: Talk Show Participants and Television Tell All TV.
  57. (1997). Queer Representation and Oregon's
  58. (1981). Rare Cancer Seen in 41 Homosexuals.
  59. (1982). Reading Foucault (punishment, labor, resistance.
  60. (1989). Rocking Around The Clock: Musictelevision, Postmodernism & Consumer Culture. Second reprint. doi
  61. (1997). Same Sex Different Cultures. doi
  62. (1997). Screen Tastes: Soap Opera to Satellite Dishes. doi
  63. (1983). Seen to be Believed: Some Problems in the Representation of Gay People as Typical. doi
  64. (1993). Sexual Citizenship: The Material Construction of Sexualities. doi
  65. (1983). Sexual Politics, Sexual Communities: The Making ofa Homosexual Minority in the United States 1940-1970. doi
  66. (1985). Speaking of Soap Operas. doi
  67. (1999). Spectacular Narratives: Twister, Independence Day, and Frontier Mythology in Contemporary Hollywood doi
  68. (1996). Stages of Desire: Gay Theatre's Hidden History. doi
  69. (2001). Stereotyping: The Politics of Representation. doi
  70. (1986). Stigma: Notes on the Management of Spoiled Identity. doi
  71. (2000). Still Acting Gay. Revised edition. doi
  72. (1978). Story and Discourse: Narrative Structure in Fiction and Film, doi
  73. (2000). Survival Secrets: How to Make $1,000,000,
  74. (2004). Television and Sexuality: Regulation and the Politics of Taste. Maidenhead,
  75. (1994). Television Culture. doi
  76. (1997). Telling Sexual Stories: Power, Change and Social Worlds. doi
  77. (2000). The AIDS Movie: Representing a Pandemic in Film and Television. doi
  78. (1972). The Archaeology of Knowledge. doi
  79. (2002). The Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious. Second Edition.
  80. (1996). The Art of the Record: A Critical Introduction to Documentary.
  81. (1987). The Celluloid Closet. Revised edition..
  82. (1983). The Concept of Live Television: Ontology as Ideology.
  83. (1988). The Construction of Homosexuality. doi
  84. (1999). The Corruption of Diversity in MTV's The Real World. Studies in Popular Culture,
  85. (2002). The Culture of Queers. doi
  86. (1988). The Ethics of (Mis)representation.
  87. (1988). The Feminist Spectator as Critic. Ann Arbor, doi
  88. (1994). The Final Foucault. Edited by James Bernauer and David Rasmussen. doi
  89. (1984). The Foucault Reader. Edited by Paul Rabinow. doi
  90. (1998). The Gay Metropolis: doi
  91. (1998). The History of Sexuality Voll. doi
  92. (2004). The Household, the Basement and The Real World.
  93. (1988). The Image Mirrored: Reflexivity and the Documentary Film.
  94. (1995). The Invention ofHeterosexuality
  95. (2000). The Matter of Images, Second Reprint.
  96. (2000). The Performance of Identity Through Confession: Considering the Contemporary Identity of Gay Men and Women on Television.
  97. (1984). The Phenomenon of Social Representation.
  98. (1995). The Real Real World.
  99. (2002). The Real World Chicago.
  100. (1996). The Real World Diaries.
  101. (1999). The Real World Ifawall: True Confessions.
  102. (2000). The Real World New Orleans:
  103. (2001). The Real World X. Back to New York
  104. (1997). The Spectacle of the `Other'. In:
  105. (1962). The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society. Translated by Thomas Burger with assistance of Frederick Lawrence. doi
  106. (1995). The Transformation of Intimacy: Sexuality, Love and Erotisism in Modern Societies. Reprint. Cambridge,
  107. (1988). Theories and Strategies of the Feminist Documentary.
  108. (1994). They Must be Represented: The Politics of Documentary. doi
  109. (1999). They Said We Were Trying to Show Reality - All I want to Show Is My Video: The Politics of the Realist Feminist Documentary. doi
  110. (2000). Understanding Foucault.
  111. (2004). Understanding Reality Television. doi
  112. (1989). Unruly Practices: Power, Discourse and Gender in Contemporary Social Theory. doi
  113. (2001). Up From Visibility: Lesbians, Gay Men, and The Media in America. doi
  114. (2000). Virtuous Vice: Homoeroticism and the Public Sphere. doi
  115. (1988). We Speak for Ourselves: The experiences of gay men and lesbians. Revised edition.
  116. (1991). Women and Soap Opera: A Study of Prime Time Soaps. Cambridge, doi
  117. (1988). Word is Out and doi
  118. (1978). Word is Out: stories of some of our lives.

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.