Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Sexual and Reproductive Health Status among Young Peoples in Nepal: Opportunities and Barriers for Sexual Health Education and Services Utilization

By Pramod Regmi, Padam Simkhada and Edwin Van Teijlingen


This article attempts to summarise the situation of sexual and reproductive health among young people in Nepal.\ud Modernisation and social transformation are occurring rapidly in Nepalese society. Growing expansion of communication and transportation networks, urbanisation and in-migration of population to urban areas is creating a different sociocultural environment, which is conducive to more social interactions between young girls and boys in Nepal. Rising age at marriage has now opened a window of opportunity for pre-marital and unsafe sexual activity among young people in Nepal which creates risks of unwanted pregnancy, STIs/HIV and AIDS. Several socio-economic, demographic and cultural factors have been identifi ed as encouraging factors for risk taking behaviours among young people. Improving access to youth friendly services, implementing peer education programmes for school and out of school going adolescents, developing effective Information, Communication and Education (IEC) materials and curricula have been highly suggested to improve the existing young people’s sexual and reproductive health status

Topics: soc, nw
Year: 2008
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (2007). 5); Available from: http://www. Moktan P. Young People’s Reproductive and 11.
  2. (2004). 9 (8): 897–903 UNDP. Nepal at a Glance;
  3. (1993). A socio-behavioural study. Health Transition Review,
  4. (2001). A Survey of Teenagers in
  5. (2001). A Survey of Teenagers in Nepal.
  6. (2004). According to Same-Sex and Opposite-Sex Interest. doi
  7. (2006). Adolescence education, doi
  8. (2006). Adolescent fact sheet. 2005; (cited 3.
  9. (2007). AIDS epidemic update December 48.
  10. (2003). among urban youth in Nepal. Asia Pacifi c Population Journal,
  11. (2005). An unpublished MSc Thesis submitted to
  12. (2003). and Distribution in Population Monograph of Nepal 2001. Kathmandu: National Planning Commission Secretaraiat;
  13. (2002). Asia-Pacifi c Population Journal, doi
  14. (1998). Behaviour between Young Men and Women Travelling Abroad From the UK. Lancet,
  15. (2002). Behaviour Related to HIV/AIDS: Commercial Sex and Condom Use in Hanoi, Viet Nam. AsiaPacifi c Population Journal,
  16. (2001). Caste/Ethnicity and Religion
  17. (2006). ceasefi re A profi le of the internal displacement situation. Switzerland|: Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre;
  18. (2006). consequences.2005; (cited
  19. (2005). Development Index doi
  20. (2001). Diseases in Travellers. Clinical Infectious Disease,
  21. (2006). Does MTV Reach an Appropriate Audience for HIV Prevention Message? Evidence from MTV Viewership Data in Nepal and Brazil. doi
  22. (2002). Fifth Asian and Pacifi c Population Conference;
  23. (2002). for Asian Adolescent: A Focus on Contraceptive Behaviour. International Family Planning Perspectives, doi
  24. (2004). Forced Sexual Relations 17. among married young women in developing countries.
  25. Former Commercial Sex Workers with HIV. doi
  26. (2005). HIV in Nepal: Is the Violent Confl ict, Fuelling the Epidemic? PLos Medicine, doi
  27. HIV/AIDS 52. knowledge, attitudes and beliefs among Nepalese Adolescents. doi
  28. (2003). HIV/AIDS among Young People in Urban Nepal. Asia-Pacifi c Population Journal,
  29. (2004). In forest and factories: 28. sexual behaviour among young migrant workers in Nepal. Culture, Health and Sexuality, doi
  30. (2004). Injecting Drug Users in Pokhara. Kathmandu: Family Health International;
  31. (2001). Kathmandu: National Planning Commission Secretariat;
  32. (2004). Ministry of Population and Environment;
  33. Mumbai disease in far western Nepal: HIV infection and syphilis among male migrantreturnees and non-migrants. doi
  34. (2008). National Centre for AIDS and STD Control;
  35. (2003). National Planning Commission Secretariat;
  36. NDHS.Nepal Demographic Health Survey.5. Kathmandu: New Era/Ministry of
  37. (2001). Nepal: let’s talk about sex; doi
  38. New York: World Health Organization;2003. Gage A.Sexual Activity and Contraceptive Use: 73. The Components of Decision-Making Process.
  39. (2003). of Sexual Health Issues Among Unmarried Young People in Nepal. Asia-Pacifi c Population Journal,
  40. (1999). of Statistics; doi
  41. (2003). Parenthood: A Review of Reviews. London: Health Development Agency;
  42. (2006). perceived risk of HIV/AIDS among young migrant factory workers in Nepal. doi
  43. (2001). Perception of Unwanted Pregnancies and Sexually Transmitted Diseases among Young Factory Workers in Nepal. Kathmandu: Center for Research on Environment Health and Population Activities;
  44. (2004). Population Report
  45. (2004). Predicts Adolescent Initiation of Sexual Behaviour. Pediatrics, doi
  46. Program in Palpa district of Nepal,
  47. (2004). Reproductive Health in Nepal, Is Participation the Answer? Washington: International Centre for Research on Women;
  48. Reproductive Health in Nepal, Status, Policies, Programs and Issues.
  49. (2001). Reproductive health needs of adolescents and youth in Nepal, insights from a focus group study. Kathmandu: Family Health International;
  50. (1998). Reproductive Health Profi les of Adolescents in SAARC Countries,
  51. (2001). Sexual Behaviour and Risk Perceptions among Young Men in Border Towns of Nepal. AsiaPacifi c Population Journal,
  52. (2004). Sexual Health: Perceptions of Parents. Nepal Population Journal,
  53. (2001). Sexual relations among young people in developing countries: evidence from WHO case studies. Geneva: World Health Organization;
  54. (1998). Studies in Family Planning, doi
  55. (2004). Substance Use and Premarital Sex among Adolescent
  56. (2004). Substance Use and Premarital Sex among Adolescent in Indonesia, Nepal, the Philippines and Thailand. Asia-Pacifi c Population Journal,
  57. (2002). Systematic Review of Current Knowledge of HIV Epidemiology and of Sexual Behaviour doi
  58. (1997). the Critical Phase. The 1. Challenges and the Potential. New Delhi: World Health Organization;
  59. (2005). The effect of non-family experiences 19. on age of marriage in a setting of rapid social change. Population Studies, doi
  60. (2005). The forgotten victims of the confl ict. Bruxelles: Human Rights without Frontiers Int;
  61. (2006). The World Bank; doi
  62. (2005). Thrills and spills: Young people’s 67. sexual behaviour and attitudes in seaside and rural areas. Health, Risk and Society, doi
  63. (1994). United Nations Population Fund; doi
  64. unprotected casual sex. Social science research policy briefs, 1999; 1(2). Regmi P. Sexual Behaviour among
  65. (2007). Women’s Commission for Refugee Women and Children; doi
  66. (2003). World Health Organization; doi
  67. (2002). York: United Nations Population Fund; doi
  68. (2003). Youth in Nepal in Population Monograph of Nepal 2001. Kathmandu: National Planning Commission Secretariat;
  69. (2002). Youth in Nepal: Awareness, Knowledge, Perception, and Practice. Kathmandu: Family Health International;

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.