Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Towards a holistic approach of urban design.

By James Charlton, Bob Giddings and Margaret Horne


Urban design is primarily and essentially three-dimensional design (Gosling and Maitland 1984), concerned with the shape, the surface and its physical arrangement of all kinds of urban elements; the basic components that make up the built environment at the level of buildings, spaces and human activities (Xia and Qing 2004). Gosling and Maitland (1984) state that the main objective of the urban designer is ‘to formulate and present the problem as accurately and vividly as possible’. Within the current design process and traditional methods of visualisation, (Xia and Qing 2004) state that current design methods only allow for a 2D representation of a space to be created. Architectural design practices will produce computerised renderings or 3D computer massing models to give a more accurate representation of the space. However there have been limited attempts at three dimensional computer representations which allow the user to get a greater sense of the urban space. Therefore, how to improve the quality of urban space and to express the design schema more effectively are problems that have been troubling urban designers for a long tim

Topics: K400
Year: 2009
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (1980). 81, Personal communications, M.I.T Tibbalds, F.,1990. City of Birmingham: city centre design strategy, Birmingham Urban Design Studies.
  2. (2004). Applications of 3D city models based spatial analysis to urban design, doi
  3. (1986). City Planning According to Artistic Principles, doi
  4. Concepts of Urban Design,
  5. et al.,2003. Public Spaces - Urban Spaces. The Dimensions of Urban Design, doi
  6. Life Between Buildings: Using Public Space,
  7. Making a city: Urbanity, vitality and urban design". doi
  8. People Places - design guidelines for urban open space,
  9. Squares: A Public Place Design Guide for Urbanists, doi
  10. (2007). Ten Books on Architecture, doi
  11. The ten books of architecture, Dover publications. doi
  12. Town Planning in Practice - An Introduction to the Art of Designing Cities and Suburbs, Benjamin Blom Inc.
  13. Transforming Cities: Revival in the Square, RIBA Enterprises Ltd.
  14. Urban design and local economic development : A case study in Birmingham".
  15. Urban Design: Street and Square, doi
  16. Urban Space for Pedestrians,
  17. (1999). Urban Texture Analysis with Image Processing Techniques, doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.