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Blind frequency-offset estimator for OFDM systems transmitting constant-modulus symbols

By M. Ghogho and A. Swami


We address the problem of carrier frequency offset\ud (CFO) synchronization in OFDM communications systems in the\ud context of frequency-selective fading channels. We consider the case where the transmitted symbols have constant modulus, i.e., PSK constellations. A novel blind CFO estimation algorithm is developed. The new algorithm is shown to greatly outperform a recently published blind technique that exploits the fact that practical OFDM systems are not fully loaded. Further, the proposed algorithm is consistent even when the system is fully\ud loaded. Finally, the proposed CFO estimator is obtained via a one-dimensional search, the same as with the existing virtual subcarrier-based estimator, but achieves a substantial gain in performance (10-dB SNR or one order of magnitude in CFO MSE)

Year: 2002
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