Location of Repository

Evaluation of Properties and use of waste vegetable oil (WVO), pure vegetable oils and standard diesel as used in a compression ignition engine

By Abdullah Abuhabaya, John D. Fieldhouse and D.R. Brown

Abstract

This work aims to investigate the viability of using vegetable oils and waste oils a an alternative to or additive to basic diesel fuel. Rapeseed oil, sunflower oil and waste cooking oils was used to manufacture bio-diesel oil by the transesterification process using a commercially available “fuelpod”. The base oils were tested to first characterize them against diesel and the characteristics were remeasured after the conversion process. The fuels were then tested on a steady state engine test rig using a modern four cylinder compression ignition engine. Significant improvement in the viscosity was observed in the waste vegetable oils (WVO) after the transesterification process. The specific fuel consumption and exhaust gas emissions were reduced due to decrease in viscosity of the WVO. Acceptable thermal efficiencies of the engine were obtained with biodiesel. From the properties and engine test results it has been establish that biodiesel of WVO can be substituted for diesel without any engine modification and preheating of the fuels. Sustainability issues present an obstacle for general use so only small fleet operators may take advantage of the alternative fuel

Topics: QD, TA, TL
Publisher: The University of Huddersfield
Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.hud.ac.uk:9177

Suggested articles

Preview

Citations

  1. (2008). A study of the performance, emission and combustion characteristics of a compression ignition engine using methyl ester of paradise oil– eucalyptus oil blends. doi
  2. (2006). Biodiesel performance, costs, and use.
  3. (1998). biodiesel processing technologies. Paper presented at the International Liquid Biofuels Congress,
  4. (2008). Biodiesel production from various feedstocks and their effects the fuel properties. doi
  5. (2009). Comparative performance studies of a 4-stroke CI engine operate on du fuel mode with producer gas and Honge oil and its methyl ester (HOME) with and without carburetor. doi
  6. (2009). Diesel engine performance and exhaust emission analysis using waste cooking biodiesel fuel with an artificial neural network. Renewable Energy, Vol.34, doi
  7. (2000). Effect of advanced injection timing on the performance of rapeseed oil in diesel engines. doi
  8. (2009). Effect of altitude and palm oil biodiesel fuelling on the performance and combustion characteristics of a HSDI diesel engine. doi
  9. (2007). Effect of biodiesel on emission of regulated air pollutants and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons under engine durability testing. doi
  10. (2009). Exergy efficiency applied for the performance optimization of a direct injection compression ignition (CI) engine using biofuels. doi
  11. (2005). How To Make Biodiesel, Low-Impact Living Initiative, Redfield Community,
  12. (2003). Properties and use of jatropha curcas oil and diesel fuel blends in compression ignition engine. doi
  13. (2005). Prospects of biodiesel production from vegetable oils doi
  14. (2005). Prospects of biodiesel production from vegetable oils in India. doi
  15. (2009). The effects of turbocharger on the performance and exhaust emissions of a diesel engine fuelled with biodiesel. doi
  16. (2007). The Potential of Restaurant Waste Lipids as Biodiesel Feedstocks. doi
  17. (2006). Waste Cooking Oils an Economical Source for Biodiesel. doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.