An approximate F-form of the Lagrange multiplier test for serial correlation in dynamic regression models is compared with three bootstrap tests. In one bootstrap procedure, residuals from restricted estimation under the null hypothesis are resampled. The other two bootstrap tests use residuals from unrestricted estimation under an alternative hypothesis. A fixed autocorrelation alternative is assumed in one of the two unrestricted bootstrap tests and the other is based upon a Pitman-type sequence of local alternatives. Monte Carlo experiments are used to estimate rejection probabilities under the null hypothesis and in the presence of serial correlation
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