Repositories are springing up across institutions in the UK and worldwide. For institutional repositories there is a pressing need to fill them with content and to make those contents available through search interfaces, aggregators and other services. Speed and easy access are paramount both for depositors, who want to add their materials to the repository with minimum effort, and for researchers, who want to discover the quickest route to the full-text. Consistent, good quality metadata is needed to provide the signpost to full-texts, yet there is a resulting tension between the effort required to create, and share, metadata and the needs of depositors. Research and scholarly outputs are one of the main content types collected and managed by institutional repositories, in particular the research papers, or scholarly works, produced by academics and researchers1. In May 2006, the Joint Information Systems Committee JISC) engaged the Eduserv Foundation and UKOLN to produce an application profile for scholarly works that would facilitate the sharing of richer metadata between repositories and aggregators such as the newly-funded Intute search project. This article describes the development of the application profile
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