We present a detailed account of the GW space-time method. The method increases the size of systems whose electronic structure can be studied with a computational implementation of Hedin's GW approximation. At the heart of the method is a representation of the Green function G and the screened Coulomb interaction W in the real-space and imaginary-time domain, which allows a more efficient computation of the self-energy approximation Sigma = iGW. For intermediate steps we freely change between representations in real and reciprocal space on the one hand, and imaginary time and imaginary energy on the other, using fast Fourier transforms. The power of the method is demonstrated using the example of Si with artificially increased unit cell sizes. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V
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