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Edge-induced spin polarization in two-dimensional electron gas

By P. Bokes and F. Horvath


We characterize the role of the spin-orbit coupling between electrons and the confining potential of the edge in nonequilibrium two-dimensional homogeneous electronic gas. We derive a simple analytical result for the magnitude of the current-induced spin polarization at the edge and prove that it is independent of the details of the confinement edge potential and the electronic density within realistic values of the parameters of the considered models. While the amplitude of the spin accumulation is comparable to the experimental values of extrinsic spin-Hall effect in similar samples, the spatial extent of edge-induced effect is restricted to the distances on the order of Fermi wavelength (similar to 10 nm)

Topics: 2504, 3104
Year: 2010
DOI identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevB.81.125302
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