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Evidence that the density of self peptide-MHC ligands regulates T-cell receptor signaling.

By Nadia Anikeeva, Dimitry Gakamsky, Jørgen Schøller and Yuri Sykulev


Noncognate or self peptide-MHC (pMHC) ligands productively interact with T-cell receptor (TCR) and are always in a large access over the cognate pMHC on the surface of antigen presenting cells. We assembled soluble cognate and noncognate pMHC class I (pMHC-I) ligands at designated ratios on various scaffolds into oligomers that mimic pMHC clustering and examined how multivalency and density of the pMHCs in model clusters influences the binding to live CD8 T cells and the kinetics of TCR signaling. Our data demonstrate that the density of self pMHC-I proteins promotes their interaction with CD8 co-receptor, which plays a critical role in recognition of a small number of cognate pMHC-I ligands. This suggests that MHC clustering on live target cells could be utilized as a sensitive mechanism to regulate T cell responsiveness

Topics: CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes, Cells, Cultured, Histocompatibility Antigens Class I, Humans, Models, Immunological, Peptides, Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, Self Tolerance, Signal Transduction, Cells, Cultured, Models, Immunological, Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, Medical Immunology, Medical Microbiology
Publisher: Jefferson Digital Commons
Year: 2012
OAI identifier:

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