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Yalta, a tripartite negotation to form the post-war world order: planning for the conference, the big three's strategies

By Matthew M. Grossberg

Abstract

British influence on the diplomacy of WWII, as it relates to postwar planning, is underappreciated. This work explores how the use of astute tactical maneuvering allowed Winston Churchill and Anthony Eden to impact the development of the post-war world in a greater degree than is typically portrayed in the narratives of the war. Detailing how the study of business negotiations can provide new insights into diplomatic history, Yalta exposes Britain’s impact on the creation of the post-war order through analyzing the diplomacy of WWII as a negotiation. To depict WWII post-war planning diplomacy as a negotiation means that the Yalta Conference of 1945 must be the focal point of said diplomacy with all the negotiations either flowing to or from the conference. This analysis reveals that Britain harnessed the natural momentum of the negotiation process to create bilateral understandings that protected or advanced their interests in ways that should not have been afforded the weakest party in the Grand Alliance. By pursuing solutions to the major wartime issues first and most stridently through the use of age-old British diplomatic tactics, they were able to enter into understandings with another member of the Grand Alliance prior to the tripartite conferences. Creating bilateral understandings with the Americans on the direction of military operations and the Soviets over the European settlement produced the conditions under which the tripartite negotiations transpired. Options available to the excluded party were thus limited, allowing for outcomes that aligned more favorably to British interests. A synthesis of diplomatic documents, diaries, and memoirs with historical writings as well as research on business and international negotiations brings to life the diplomatic encounters that led to the creation of the post-war order. To provide the reader a basis for analysis of wartime diplomacy, this work is broken down into two parts. Part I focuses on the strategies created for Yalta. Part II (future doctoral dissertation) will use these strategies to evaluate the performances of each party. Combined the two parts expose that British diplomatic maneuverings is an undervalued aspect of wartime diplomacy

Topics: Diplomacy, WWII, World War II, Grand Alliance, Yalta, Tehran, FDR, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston S. Churchill, Joseph V. Stalin, Anthony Eden, Morgenthau Plan, Octagon, Bretton Woods, Dumbarton Oaks, Cairo Conference, Moscow Ministers Meeting, Lend-Lease, International Negotiations, Diplomats -- Great Britain, World War, 1939-1945 -- Diplomatic history, Great powers -- History -- 20th century, Reconstruction (1939-1951), World politics, Churchill, Winston -- 1874-1965, Eden, Anthony -- Earl of Avon -- 1897-1977, Great Britain -- Foreign relations -- 1936-1945
Year: 2015
DOI identifier: 10.7912/C2J01S
OAI identifier: oai:scholarworks.iupui.edu:1805/7978
Provided by: IUPUIScholarWorks

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