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Visible Light Cured Thiol-vinyl Hydrogels with Tunable Gelation and Degradation

By Yiting Hao

Abstract

Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI)Hydrogels prepared from photopolymerization have been widely used in many biomedical applications. Ultraviolet (200-400 nm) or visible (400-800 nm) light can interact with light-sensitive compounds called photoinitiators to form radical species that trigger photopolylmerization. Since UV light has potential to cause cell damage, visible light-mediated photopolymerization has attracted much attention. The conventional method to fabricate hydrogels under visible light exposure requires usage of co-initiator triethanolamine (TEA) at high concentration (∼200 mM), which reduces cell viability. Therefore, the first objective of this thesis was to develop a new method to form poly(ethylene glycol)-diacrylate (PEGDA) hydrogel without using TEA. Specifically, thiol-containing molecules (e.g. dithiothreitol or cysteine-containing peptides) were used to replace TEA as both co-initiator and crosslinker. Co-monomer 1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone (NVP) was used to accelerate gelation kinetics. The gelation rate could be tuned by changing the concentration of eosinY or NVP. Variation of thiol concentration affected degradation rate of hydrogels. Many bioactive motifs have been immobilized into hydrogels to enhance cell attachment and adhesion in previous studies. In this thesis, pendant peptide RGDS was incorporated via two methods with high incorporation efficiency. The stiffness of hydrogels decreased when incorporating RGDS. The second objective of this thesis was to fabricate hydrogels using poly(ethylene glycol)-tetra-acrylate (PEG4A) macromer instead of PEGDA via the same step-and-chain-growth mixed mode mechanism. Formation of hydrogels using PEGDA in this thesis required high concentration of macromer (∼10 wt.%). Since PEG4A had two more functional acrylate groups than PEGDA, hydrogels could be fabricated using lower concentration of PEG4A (∼4 wt.%). The effects of NVP concentration and thiol content on hydrogel properties were similar to those on PEGDA hydrogels. In addition, the functionality and chemistry of thiol could also affect hydrogel properties

Topics: Hydrogels, Visible light photopolymerization, Tissue engineering, Colloids -- Research -- Analysis, Colloids in medicine -- Research, Biomedical materials -- Biocompatibility -- Testing, Photopolymerization, Tissue engineering, Biomedical engineering -- Research, Ethanolamines, Cysteine proteinases, Peptides -- Analysis, Tissue scaffolds, Thiols
Year: 2014
OAI identifier: oai:scholarworks.iupui.edu:1805/5323
Provided by: IUPUIScholarWorks

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