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Ethical principles in paediatric practice

By Simon Attard Montalto

Abstract

Clinical problems with significant ethical implications\ud pose an ever increasing dilemma in everyday medical\ud practice in the 21st century and rarely present a simple\ud solution. This is particularly the case with ethical issues\ud involving children and those unable to take their own\ud decisions. Whilst the patients’ interests should come first\ud and all personal, cultural and religious bias eliminated,\ud the impact of costly treatment for the individual patient\ud on the available healthcare resources must also be taken\ud into account. Hence, it is essential to establish an ethically\ud acceptable code of practice which will allow doctors to\ud provide an objective approach to management that is\ud rational and consistent, both for the patient as well as\ud society at large regardless of creed or culture. An equally\ud important code of practice is required for medical research,\ud whether this involves clinical trials on children, laboratory\ud and animal studies. Although the same general principles\ud are applied to guide all medical ethical problems, these\ud may be adjusted to different research scenarios. Particularly\ud difficult issues relate to research involving subjects who\ud are unable to fully comprehend the ethical issues at stake,\ud especially the embryo, children and those with a disability,\ud as well as issues relating to the initiation of intensive care\ud or ‘extraordinary’ measures and, finally, issues relating to\ud the discontinuation of care and the dying process.peer-reviewe

Topics: Pediatrics -- Practice, Medical ethics
Publisher: Malta College of Family Doctors
Year: 2014
OAI identifier: oai:www.um.edu.mt:123456789/4468
Provided by: OAR@UM

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