Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Access via the femoral vein

By U. Trieschmann, Markus Kruessell, Floris Udink ten Cate and Narayanswami Sreeram


Central venous access via the femoral vein (FV) is safe, relatively easy and\ud very usual in infants and children undergoing cardiac surgery for congenital\ud heart disease. It has a low insertion-related complication rate.\ud It is therefore a good choice for short-term central venous lines and a\ud preferred insertion site for less experienced staff. The maintenance-related\ud complications of thrombus formation and infections are higher compared to\ud the internal jugular and the subclavian venous access. Some of these complications are reduced by the use of heparin bonded catheters, routine use of antibiotics, and timely removal of these lines in patients with persistent signs of infection but without another focus being defined.peer-reviewe

Topics: Cardiac catheterization, Femoral vein
Publisher: Images in Paediatric Cardiology
Year: 2008
OAI identifier:
Provided by: OAR@UM

Suggested articles


  1. Central venous catheter related thrombosis in children: Analysis of the Canadian Registry of Venous Thromboembolic Complications. doi
  2. Central venous catheter use in the pediatric patient: mechanical and infectious complications. Pediatr Crit Care Med. doi
  3. (2007). Central venous catheters in children and neonates – what is important? Images Paediatr Cardiol.
  4. (2008). Central venous catheters in children and neonates (Part 2) – Access via the internal jugular vein. Images Paediatr Cardiol.
  5. Complications of central venous catheterization in critically ill children. Pediatr Crit Care Med. doi
  6. Complications of central venous catheterization in critically ill children. Pediatr Int. doi
  7. Effect of heparin-bonded central venous catheters on the incidence of catheter-related thrombosis and infection in children and adults. Anaesth Intensive Care.
  8. Heparin-bonded central venous lines reduce thrombotic and infective complications in critically ill children. Intensive Care Med. doi
  9. Infectious complications of percutaneous central venous catheterization in pediatric patients- A Spanish multicenter study. Intensive Care Med. doi
  10. (2006). Two dimensional ultrasound guidance in central venous catheter placement, a postal survey of the practice and opinions of consultant pediatric anesthetists in the UK. Pediatr Anesth. doi
  11. Ultrasound imaging in vascular access. Crit Care Med. doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.