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Differential clearance and induction of host responses by various administered or released lipopolysaccharides

By R. Hasunuma, H. Morita, S. Tanaka, R. Ryll, M. Freudenberg, C. Galanos and Y. Kumazawa


The clearance and activity of different types of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) released during infection with Gram- negative bacteria were investigated. When highly purified preparations differing in their specific endotoxin activity were administered intravenously to mice, the clearance of rough (R)-form LPS preparations from Salmonella minnesota and Escherichia coli was much faster than that of a smooth (S)-form LPS preparation from Salmonella abortus equi, but slower than that of lipooligosaccharides (LOS) preparations from Bordetella pertussis and Helicobacter pylori. After intraperitoneal infection with 10<sup>⁷</sup> and 10<sup>⁸</sup> CFU E. coli O111:B4, relatively high levels of LPS were detected dose-dependently in the plasma of infected mice and persisted for a long time. In addition, plasma sCD14 levels in infected mice were higher than in LPS-administered mice. These results indicate that continuously higher levels of plasma LPS followed by stronger host responses occur during infection and suggest that these differences between LPS-administered and infected mice should be taken into consideration when analyzing host responses induced by LPS

Year: 2001
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Provided by: MPG.PuRe
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