Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Communicative language teaching and the ELT Journal : a corpus-based approach to the history\ud of a discourse

By Duncan Hunter

Abstract

Despite recent challenges, CLT remains influential and continues to be implemented in a\ud number of contemporary ELT contexts. This project represents an attempt to investigate the\ud history of CLT as a means of gaining a clearer understanding of its main principles and ideas.\ud The investigation aims to identify some key concepts in the discourse of the ELT Journal over\ud the period when the communicative approach is believed to have emerged. Two\ud consecutive periods are studied; an earlier (1973 to 1981) phase when the journal was\ud edited by W.R. Lee, and a later (1981 to 1986) period under Richard Rossner. The project\ud makes use of two separate keyword “traditions” to examine words that play an important\ud role in the discourse of the journal. Firstly, a machine-based, corpus procedure was carried\ud out, using the collections of articles as a kind of corpus. Later, a more thorough, detailed\ud keyword analysis was undertaken, borrowing from the techniques pioneered by Raymond\ud Williams, in which the histories of individual words are traced chronologically across texts.\ud Chapter One, the literature review, presents a rationale for the project and the use of\ud history to illuminate our understanding of CLT. It carries out a review of the existing body of\ud literature covering the emergence of the approach and suggests a more systematic and\ud thorough-going historical approach based on primary sources is now needed.\ud Chapter Two describes the process by which I assembled the methods and tools necessary\ud to carry out the analysis. Chapter Three describes the project procedure itself, explaining the\ud decisions made, and processes arrived at, to carry out the investigation.\ud Chapter Four presents the first phase of the project’s findings. Quantitative keyword lists are\ud presented and briefly discussed in relation to existing accounts.\ud Chapters Five, Six, Seven, Eight, and Nine are “word histories” for the keywords\ud COMMUNICATIVE, LEARNER, ACTIVITY, TASK and SYLLABUS, respectively. Using the findings\ud from Chapter Four as a starting point, each chapter traces the history of an important\ud keyword across the chronological period of the corpus, recontextualising data isolated by\ud the quantitative keyword procedure.\ud Chapter Ten is the project’s discussion and conclusion

Topics: LB
OAI identifier: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:3731

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (1969). 25 Centuries of Language Teaching. doi
  2. (2005). A Corpus-Based Approach to Discourses of Refugees and Asylum Seekers in Un and Newspaper Texts.’ doi
  3. (1996). A Fertility Channel Model for Post-Correction of Continuous Speech Recognition. doi
  4. (2004). A History of English Language Teaching. doi
  5. (2007). A.P.R Howatt. ‘
  6. (2008). About Bell, [Online]. Available at: www.bellcentres.com/aboutBell/ default.asp Chomsky,
  7. (2010). Adobe and PDF’. doi
  8. (1981). An Appreciation. doi
  9. (2001). An Introduction to Foreign Language Learning and Teaching doi
  10. (1995). An Introduction to Social Constructionism. doi
  11. (2004). An Investigation into the Roots of ELT, with a Particular Focus on the Career and Legacy of Harold E.
  12. (2003). Analysing Discourse: Textual Analysis for Social Research (Paperback).
  13. (2001). Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching. Cambridge: doi
  14. (1994). Appropriate Methodology and Social Context. Cambridge: doi
  15. (1947). Armed Forces’ Foreign Language Teaching: Critical Evaluation and Implications. doi
  16. (2004). Bezeichnungswandel: Wie, Warum, Wozu? Ein Beitrag Zur Englischen Und Allgemeinen Onomasiologie. Heidelberg: Winter. [Translation at http:
  17. (1977). Breaking Tradition: An Exploration of the Relationship between Theory and Practice.
  18. (1995). Collins Cobuild English Dictionary. doi
  19. (1982). Communicative Syllabus Design and Methodology. doi
  20. (1978). Communicative Syllabus Design. Cambridge: doi
  21. (2008). Constructing Concepts of Learner Autonomy in Language Education in the Chinese Context: A Narrative-Based Inquiry into University Students' Conceptions of Successful English Language Learning ‘. (PhD thesis).
  22. (2003). Consuming Education: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Social Actors
  23. (2002). Corpora in Applied Linguistics. Cambridge: doi
  24. (1996). Corpus Linguistics. Edinburgh: doi
  25. (1974). eds. Linguistic Insights in Applied Linguistics. doi
  26. (1999). Encyclopedic Dictionary of Applied Linguistics: A Handbook for Language Teaching. doi
  27. (2000). Entry for ‘Communicative’. In
  28. (1984). Experimental Design and Statistics. doi
  29. (1983). Fundamental Concepts of Language Teaching. doi
  30. (1990). Genre Analysis: English in Academic and Research Settings. Cambridge: doi
  31. (1999). Giving the Word to the World (Obituary of Dr W.R.
  32. (1994). Grammar, Text, and Ideology. doi
  33. (2002). Historical Theory.
  34. (1973). Introducing Applied Linguistics. doi
  35. (1999). Introduction: Historical Semantics and Cognition,’ doi
  36. (1994). Introduction’ doi
  37. (2009). John Haycraft,’ Wikipedia. [Online] Available at: http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Haycraft Wilkins,
  38. (1983). Keywords: A Vocabulary of Culture and Society. doi
  39. (2004). Landscape of History: How Historians Map the Past. doi
  40. (1985). Language Teaching Analysis. doi
  41. (1992). Linguistic Imperialism. doi
  42. (1972). Linguistics in Language Teaching. doi
  43. (2003). Matrix: A Statistical Method and Software Tool for Linguistic Analysis through Corpus Comparison,’. (PhD thesis).
  44. (2000). New Labour, doi
  45. (1981). Notional Syllabuses Revisited: doi
  46. (1981). Notional Syllabuses Revisited: A Further Reply.’ doi
  47. (1976). Notional Syllabuses. doi
  48. (1997). On History. doi
  49. (2006). Orthographic Errors in Web Pages: doi
  50. (2004). Querying Keywords: Questions of Difference, Frequency and Sense in Keywords Analysis.’ doi
  51. (1991). Return to Essentials. Cambridge: doi
  52. (2006). Revisiting Wilkins' doi
  53. (1987). Second Language Pedagogy.
  54. (1962). Semantics: An Introduction to the Science of Meaning. doi
  55. (2000). Shaping the Discourse of a Practice: The Role of Linguistics and doi
  56. (1981). Statistics without Tears. doi
  57. (1973). Systems Development in Adult Language Learning: A European Unit/Credit System for Modern Language Learning by Adults. Strasbourg: Council of Europe.
  58. (1981). Talking Shop: Extracts from a Conversation with Chris Brumfit and Donn Byrne.’ doi
  59. (2003). Task-Based Learning and Teaching. doi
  60. (2005). Teaching English as a Foreign Language, 1936–1961: Foundations of ELT. doi
  61. (1980). Teaching English as an International Language. doi
  62. (1978). Teaching Language as Communication. doi
  63. (2000). Techniques and Principles in Language Teaching. doi
  64. (1996). Text and Corpus Analysis. doi
  65. (1979). The Communicative Approach to Language Teaching. doi
  66. (1989). The Concept of Method, Interested Knowledge, and the Politics of Language Teaching’. doi
  67. (1973). The Country and the City. London: Chatto
  68. (1994). The Cultural Politics of English as an International Language. doi
  69. (2003). The End of CLT: A Context Approach to Language Teaching.’ doi
  70. (1972). The Linguistic and Situational Content of the Common Core in a Unit/Credit System. Strasbourg: Council of Europe.
  71. (2007). The origins of ELT Journal’. doi
  72. (1972). The Teaching of English as doi
  73. (2006). Using Corpora in Discourse Analysis. doi
  74. (1978). Visions of History. doi
  75. (2009). Wordsmith Tools 5 Online Manual,’ [Online] Available at http: //www.lexically.net/ downloads/version5/HTML/index.html

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.