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Immunolocalization of nitric oxide synthase isoforms in human archival and rat tissues, and cultured cells

By Antonio R. MARTINS, Cesar A. B. ZANELLA, Fabiola C. R. ZUCCHI, Thais C. D. DOMBROSKI, Edmar T. COSTA, Liliane M. GUETHE, Alina O. OLIVEIRA, Ana L. F. DONATTI, Luciano NEDER, Leila CHIMELLI, Gilberto De NUCCI, Paulo LEE-HO and Ferid MURAD


Nitric oxide (NO) exerts important physiological and pathological roles in humans. The study of NO requires the immunolocalization of its synthesizing enzymes, neuronal, endothelial and inducible NO synthases (NOS). NOS are labile to formalin-fixation and paraffin-embedding, which are used to prepare human archival tissues. This lability has made NOS immunohistochemical studies difficult, and a detailed protocol is not yet available. We describe here a protocol for the immunolocalization of NOS isoforms in human archival cerebellum and non-nervous tissues, and in rat tissues and cultured cells. Neuronal NOS antigenicity in human archival and rat nervous tissue sections was microwave-retrieved in 50 mM Tris-HCl buffer, pH 9.5, for 20 min at 900W. Neuronal NOS was expressed in stellate, basket, Purkinje and granule cells in human and rat cerebellum. Archival and frozen human cerebellar sections showed the same neuronal NOS staining pattern. Archival cerebellar sections not subjected to antigen retrieval stained weakly. Antigenicity of inducible NOS in human lung was best retrieved in 10 mM sodium citrate buffer, pH 6.0, for 15 min at 900W. Inflammatory cells in a human lung tuberculoma were strongly stained by anti-inducible NOS antibody. Anti-endothelial NOS strongly stained kidney glomeruli. Cultured PC12 cells were strongly stained by anti-neuronal NOS without antigen retrieving. The present immunohistochemistry protocol is easy to perform, timeless, and suitable for the localization of NOS isoforms in nervous and non-nervous tissues, in human archival and rat tissues. It has been extensively used in our laboratory, and is also appropriate for other antigens. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved

Topics: Nitric oxide synthases, Immunohistochemistry, Cerebellum, Lung, Human and rat nervous system, Cell culture, CENTRAL-NERVOUS-SYSTEM, NEUTROPHIL HAPTOTAXIS, ANTIGEN RETRIEVAL, LECTIN KM+, EXPRESSION, IMMUNOREACTIVITY, EOSINOPHILS, MODULATION, ANTIBODIES, MIGRATION, Biochemical Research Methods, Neurosciences
Year: 2013
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