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Optimization of Slab Concasting Via Numerical Model of Temperature Field

By Tomáš Mauder

Abstract

The thesis deals with optimization of the continuous slab casting process. The thesis summarizes the basic analytical and empirical findings concerning to the solidification process, the numerical modeling and the selected optimization techniques. Physical conditions and factors that affect the quality of steel including their relationships are also described. The basis of the solution strategy is the original numerical model of the temperature field in its off-line version. The numerical model was verified by the real historical data. The optimization part is based on the fuzzy logic implemented above the numerical model. The optimization algorithm is used for the optimal control of the casting process. The universal usage of the optimization model is demonstrated on several cases, e.g. the finding of optimal casting parameters that ensure the high quality of products, the optimal reactions on breakdown situations, the determination of an optimal relationship between casting parameters, etc. Based on optimization results, the suitable caster modification to increase the surface temperature at the unbending point was proposed. The whole concept of the numerical and optimization model is general and it can be applied to arbitrary slab or billet continuous casting

Topics: heuristická optimalizace; heuristic optimization; solidication; fuzzy logic; Continuous casting; proces tuhnutí; teplotní pole; fuzzy logika; temperature eld; Plynulé odlévání
Publisher: Vysoké učení technické v Brně. Fakulta strojního inženýrství
Year: 2012
OAI identifier: oai:invenio.nusl.cz:234003
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