The master’s thesis deals with two applications of gold discoidal nanostructures exhibiting plasmon resonance for biodetection. The first approach considers the detection of changes in the phase on plasmonic antennas using coherence-controlled holography microscope. It was found that the steepness of the phase is increasing with the illumination wavelength when plasmon resonance is excited in larger antennas. The sensitivity of the phase to refractive-index changes of the surrounding media was observed when the largest response was given by antennas in resonance with wavelength of illumination. Next part deals with plasmon resonance detection by means of optical spectroscopy combined with voltametry which characterizes the electrochemical activity. Changes in resonance wavelength induced by the presence of SSC buffer were observed, although this influence seems to diminish in time. Conducted experiments have also shown that oxygen-plasma cleaning is not suitable for sample surface cleaning because of oxidation of metals including gold as well
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