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Possibilities of encapsulation of particular types of macromolecules and bacteria

By Jiří Kapar

Abstract

Presented diploma thesis is focused on testing encapsulation methods of enzymes and probiotic bacteria. In the theoretical part a summary of different encapsulation techniques used in food industry is given. Further, materials for encapsulation, above all polysaccharides are presented. Next, some procedures of encapsulation of biopolymers and microorganisms – mainly enzymes and probiotic cultures are discussed. In the experimental part methods for preparation of several types of particles based on polysaccharides and liposomes are introduced. Particles were used for encapsulation of selected hydrolytic enzymes and probiotic strains Bifidobacterium breve a Lactobacillus acidophilus. The encapsulation effectiveness was evaluated by analysis of total proteins and enzyme activities. Particles sizes and their stability in water, in selected model foods and model body fluids were observed, too. According to results obtained in this work it was found that encapsulation of enzymes into polysaccharide particles were succesfull in all types of particles (encapsulation effectivness was more than 50 %). Polysaccharide particles showed a very good stability in body fluids as well as in model foods. As the most suitable materials for enzymes encapsulation chitosan and liposomes were found. Polysaccharide particles were used also for the encapsulation of microorganisms. The stability of particles with lactic acid bacteria was similar to particles containig enzymes, very good stability was verified aslo in model foods and model body fluids. Encapsulation enables long-term stabilization of biologically active compounds as well as posibility of their transport and controlled releasing in gastrointestinal tract. Encapsulation of probiotic bacteria could preserve their viability and long-term survival until the product expiration date. Thus, encapsulation is one of the most promissing procedures for production of foods and food suplements of great quality and high additional value

Topics: flow cytometry; dynamic light scattering; Enkapsulace; dynamický rozptyl světla; částice; proteolytic enzymes; analytical centrifugation; Bifidobacterium breve; analytická centrifugace; particles; proteolytické enzymy; Bifidobacter breve; Lactobacillus acidophilus; Encapsulation; průtoková cytometrie
Publisher: Vysoké učení technické v Brně. Fakulta chemická
Year: 2013
OAI identifier: oai:invenio.nusl.cz:216966
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