The aim of this diploma thesis was identification of urinary concrements by the infrared spectroscopy and study of conditions of formation of the most frequent urinary stones (calcium oxalates) by the thermodynamic simulation. The theoretical part of this study includes basic information about problems with urolithiasis and technique of identification of urinary concrements. Important part has been devoted to the thermodynamic simulation of formation of calcium oxalate concrements and on this simulation were determinated the conditions for formation of urinary stones. The experimental part contains analysis of real urinary concrements by the infrared spectroscopy and statistical evaluation of the file of 50 149 samples, which were analysed in years 1994 - 2010
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