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Analysis of aroma compounds in cosmetics by gas chromatography

By Radka Divišová

Abstract

This thesis is focused on aroma compounds which are presented in a wide variety of products including perfume, cologne, cosmetics, toiletries, laundry products and detergens. The widespread use and exposure to aroma compounds of aforementioned products could cause a range of the adverse reactions such as contact dermatitis, asthma, eczema and breathing problems. There are a lot of aroma compounds triggering negative allergic reactions but EU regulations limit 26 the most important fragrance allergens. The presence of these substances has to be declared on the product label if a limit of 0,01 % for rinse off and 0,001 % for leave-on products is exceeded. Of these 26 substances, a methodology was elaborated for determination of 12 allergens in a experimental part of this thesis. A method by solid-phase microextraction (SPME) and gas chromatography-flame ionization detection (GC-FID) was applied for fragrance allergens identification, extraction and measurement. The optimal extraction conditions of SPME-GC method were investigated including equilibrium time, extraction time and extraction temperature to increase extraction efficiency. Another important point is the method by SPME-GC-FID was validated and following performance parameters were determined: repeatability, linearity, limit of detection (LOD) limit of quantitation (LOQ). SPME-GC-FID was tested and applied to real samples

Topics: plynová chromatografie; allergens; gas chromatography; kosmetické přípravky; solid-phase microextraction; method validation; flame ionization detector; cosmetics; mikroextrakce tuhou fází; plamenově ionizační detektor; alergeny; validace metody
Publisher: Vysoké učení technické v Brně. Fakulta chemická
Year: 2009
OAI identifier: oai:invenio.nusl.cz:216530
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