The proposed bachelor thesis deals with carbon based materials. First of all, an overview of its allotropic modifications including newly discovered forms, conditions of their existence and also their basic properties is shown. Further the extraction of carbon materials is briefly introduced. In the next chapters, forms of carbon are classified and particularly described individually with respect to manufacturing technologies and further applications. Individual chapters are dedicated to synthetic carbon and graphite, carbon fibers and carbon fiber reinforced composites. Manufacturing processes of synthetic carbon and graphite, involving possible precursors, are described in detail together with their use in various engineering applications. The following part is dedicated to carbon fibers, in particular to the manufacturing process based on the precursor used including surface treatment and sizing. Additionally the use of virgin carbon fibers is also described. The last part is focused on carbon fiber reinforced composites. Firstly possible distributions of carbon fibers in a matrix are described. Then the technology of manufacturing, properties and use of single composites according to the matrix material are expounded
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