Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

The Spiritual Anthropology of John Cassian

By Jinha Kim

Abstract

This thesis is an investigation into the spiritual anthropology of John Cassian, who composed two monastic works, the Institutes and the Conferences. Although Cassian transmits the teachings of the Egyptian desert fathers living in the later fourth century, many polemical\ud mind-sets, from his Latin contemporaries to modem critics, have not been able simply to accept his delivery with a spirit of respect and support. In his texts, the doctrine of free will and grace has been judged to be Semi-Pelagian through the viewpoint of Augustinian orthodoxy. Moreover, since Salvatore Marsili's comparative study in the 1930s, it has been accepted that Cassian's ascetic theology depended heavily on the writings of Evagrius Ponticus. Thus, the authenticity of his texts has been obscured for over fifteen hundred years in the West. Consequently, they have been regarded as second-class materials in the primitive desert monastic literature. This thesis re-examines the above settled convictions, and attempts to\ud defend Cassian's repeated statements that he wrote what he had seen and heard in the desert. As the two assertions both relate to anthropological issues, the thesis investigates Cassian's spiritual anthropology-, human created nature, the Fall, its results, salvation, perfection, free will and grace. Chapter I uses as the context Cassian's life and the monastic setting of Gaul that\ud had an influence on his works. Chapter II explores a literary feature of his writings and identifies the authenticity of Cassian's texts in comparison with the desert monastic literature. Here, the thesis argues against the dominant assumption of his dependence on Evagrius'works\ud and reveals that Cassian was not a transmitter of the Evagrian schemata. Chapter III focuses on the instructions of created human nature in Cassian's texts and establishes that they were derived from the Alexandrian and the desert theological tradition, not that of the Evagrian\ud Origenist. Chapter IV deals with the Fall and its effect on human nature. In the process, the thesis verifies that Conferences XIII does not offer an alternative to the Augustinian teachings on grace, but reflects the doctrinal milieu within the Alexandrian theology, which was to be \ud regarded as Semi-Pelagian in the eyes of later Augustinianism. Chapter V presents soteriology in Cassian's works, in which all related texts show the Eastern synergistic tendencies regarding grace and free will as cooperating harmoniously with each other for salvation. Overall, the thesis asserts that distinctive divergences and inconsistencies among the speakers in treating\ud each theme serve to verify the authenticity of Cassian's Abbas.\ud \ud The thesis concludes that Cassian was,indeed,the most notable transmitter of oral and lived Egyptian monastic theology to the West, as he claimed

Publisher: School of Theology & Religious Studies (Leeds)
Year: 2002
OAI identifier: oai:etheses.whiterose.ac.uk:288

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (1966). 71he Desert a City: An Introduction to the Study ofEgyptian and Palestinian Monasticism under the Christian Empire. doi
  2. (1995). 71ze Death of Jesus in
  3. (1997). 77ze Grace of Christ and the Grace of God in Augustine of Hippo: Christocentrism or Theocentrism.
  4. (1993). 7he Desert Fathers on Monastic Community. doi
  5. (2002). 7he Emergence of Monasticism: From the Desert Fathers to the Early Middle Ages, doi
  6. (1990). 7he End ofAncient Christianity. Cambridge:
  7. (1992). 7he Foundations ofMysticism: Origins to the FYfth Century.
  8. (1959). 7he Idea ofReform: its impact on Christian thought and action in the age of the Fathers. doi
  9. (1986). 7he Liturgy of the Hours in East and West: 7he Origins of the Divine Office and Its Meaning Today. doi
  10. (1986). 7he Making of a Community in Fourth Century Egypt. doi
  11. (1978). 7he Making of Late Antiquity. The Carl Newell Jackson Lectures. doi
  12. (1993). 7he Mind's Long Journey to the Holy 7rinity: 71ze Ad Monachos of Evagrius Ponticus.
  13. (1992). 7he Origenist Controversy: 7he Cultural Construction of an Early Christian Debate. doi
  14. (1993). 7he Word and the Desert. Scripture and the Questfor Holiness in Early Christian Monasticism. doi
  15. (1951). A New Study of Cassian. "
  16. (1986). A Note on the Apophthegmata patrum. doi
  17. (1968). A Precarious Balance: Flesh and Spirit in Cassian's Works.
  18. (1964). Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, doi
  19. (1987). Aiming for the Mark: Cassian's Metaphor for the Monastic Quest. "
  20. (1994). Ancient Thought Baptized. Cambridge: doi
  21. (1993). and Contemplation in the Monastic Spiritual Theology of John Cassian.
  22. (1997). and Paphnutius on the Causes for Abandonment by
  23. (1994). and Tears in Evagrius Ponticus. "
  24. (1984). Anger, Dejection and Acedia in the Writings of John Cassian. "
  25. (1976). Antiquity. "
  26. (1937). Apatheia. "
  27. (1961). Apologia (contra Hieronymum). In Tyrannii Rufini Opera. Ed. Manlio Simonetti.
  28. (2000). Asceddsm and Antbrv pology in Irenaemr and Ckment.
  29. (1991). Asceticism and the Early Monks. "
  30. (1961). Aspects of the Christianization of the Roman Aristocracy. doi
  31. (1988). Athanasius and the Greek Life ofAntony. "
  32. (1987). Augustine ofHippo and His Monastic Rule. doi
  33. Avagre le Pontique. "
  34. (1978). B6grolles-en-Mauges: Abbaye de
  35. (1986). Beginning to read the Fathers. London : Darton, Longman and Todd, doi
  36. (1992). Bible, the Demons and the Desert: Evaluating the Antirrheticus of Evagrius Ponticus. "
  37. (1984). Biblical Interpretation in the Early Church. Sources of early Christian thought.
  38. (1983). Biography in Late Antiquity: A Questfor the Holy Man. Transformation of the Classical Heritage 5. doi
  39. (1998). Burden of the Flesh: Fasting & Sexuality in Early Christianity. doi
  40. (1992). Calm Evagrius Ponticus: The lbeologian as Spiritual Guide.
  41. (1987). Cassian and the Goalý of the Monastic Life. "
  42. (1998). Cassian the Monk. doi
  43. (1968). Cassian. A Study in Primitive Monasticism. 2nd ed. Cambridge: doi
  44. (1995). Cassian's Conferences Nine and Ten: Some Observations Regarding Contemplation and Hermeneutics. " Recherches de theologie ancienne et m6di&ale 62 doi
  45. (1966). Cassian's Discretio -A 11meless Virtue.
  46. (1992). Cassian's Evaluation of Monastic Practices. "
  47. (1979). Cassian's Teaching on Perfect Charity. "
  48. (1977). Cassian's Use of Scripture. "American
  49. Cassianus von Natur und Gnade: Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des nadenstreites im 5.
  50. (1985). Cassien a John Main: Reflexions sur la meditation chretienne. "
  51. (1954). Cassien a-t-il kt6 pretre dAntioche ?* Bulletin litt6rature eccl6siastique 55
  52. (1923). Cassien et C16ment d'Alexandrie.
  53. (1969). Cassien et Usaire, prMicateurs de la morale monastique. Recherches et Bibliography 289 syntUses. Section de Morale.
  54. (1963). Cassien, historien du monachisme igyptien? "
  55. (1961). Cassien: Vie et doctrine spirituelle. Collection thkologie, pastorale et spiritualitd. Recherches et synth&es no. 9.
  56. Cassien. " Dictionnaire d'arch6ologie chr6tienne et de liturgie,
  57. (1938). Charisma Maximum. Untersuchung zu Cassians Vollkommenheitslehre und seine Stellung zum Messalianismus. Louvain: Druckerei Fr. Ceuterick
  58. (1977). Christian and Gnostic Literature. doi
  59. (1985). Christian Asceticism and the Early School of Alexandria. "
  60. (1985). Christian Spirituality in the Catholic Tradition. San Francisco: Ignatius Press; London: Sheed doi
  61. (1988). Christliche Gnosis bei Evagrios Pontikos. Beiheft zu den Studia patristica et liturgica,
  62. (1993). Commentary on St Paul's Epistle to the Romans. Trans. Theodore de Bruyn. doi
  63. (1977). comprehendre Cassien. Un survol des conf6rences. "
  64. (1975). Contemplation and the Cenobitic Life. "Journal ofEcclesiastical
  65. (1936). D6bat A propos de Cassien. " Revue d'asc6tique et de mystique 17
  66. (1991). Daily Readings in Monasteries (300-700 c.
  67. (1954). Der heilige Kassian und die Schaldahrlegende. Helsinki: Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia,
  68. (1992). Der Ursprung des M6nchtums im nachconstantinischen Zeitalter,
  69. (1866). Dialogorum libri IL Ed. Charles Halm,
  70. (1987). Die Bedeutung der experientia in der monastichen Theologie Johannes Cassians. " Sudia Patristica
  71. (1993). Die Bedeutung von Akedia und Apatheia del Evagrios Pontikos. "
  72. (1923). Die Hauptsünden Lehre des Johannes Cassianus und ihre historischen Quellen. " Divus Thomas,
  73. (1939). Die Lebensdaten Cassians. " Zeitschrift fir die doi
  74. (1961). Die Stellung des Johannes Cassianus zur ausserpachomianischen M6nchstradition. doi
  75. (1991). Discernment of Spirits'in the Early Church. "Studia patristica,
  76. (1996). Divine Grace and Human Agency: a study of the semi-Pelagian controversy. doi
  77. (1936). Doctrina Cassiani de mendacio officioso.
  78. (1991). Doctrine and Practice in the Early Church. doi
  79. (1923). doctrine de Cassien. " Vie spirituelle, doi
  80. (1993). Doctrines of Human Nature, Sin, and Salvation in the Early Church.
  81. (1988). Dogma and Mysticism in Early Christianity: Epiphanius of Cyprus and the Legacy of Origen, doi
  82. (1998). Early Church Fathers.
  83. (1993). Egypt in Late Antiquity. doi
  84. (1914). Eine patristische Frage: ist der bei Kassian Institutions (5,37 ss. ) erwahnte Einsiedler Archebios identisch mit dem in Coll.
  85. (1945). Euladius of Arles. doi
  86. (1985). Evagrius of Pontus"Letter to Melania' V Bydragen, tijdschrift voorfilosofie en theologie 46 doi
  87. (1981). Evagrius Ponticus and Origenism. " In Origeniana Tertia: The 7hird International Colloguium for Origen Studies,
  88. (1987). Evagrius Ponticus, Antirrheticus, " in Ascetic Behavior in Greco-Roman Antiquity. Olphe-Galliard, M. "Cassien (Jean). " in Dictionnaire de spiritualit6 ascetique et mystique doctrine et histoire.
  89. (1975). Evagrius Ponticus, Teacher of Prayer", doi
  90. (1979). Evagrius' lbeology of Prayer and the Spiritual Life. "
  91. (1987). Exercices spirituels et philosophie antique. Deui*me edition revue et augment6e. Paris: Ludes Augustiniennes,
  92. (1988). Fasting: Stoicism Full-Circle.
  93. (1949). Fathers of the church; V. 7. New York: Fathers of the Church, doi
  94. (1998). Fifth-Century Monastic Wine in a Fifteenth-Century Bottle. * In Medieval Sermons and Society : cloister, city, university : proceedings of international symposia at Kalamazoo and New
  95. (1993). Fiktive MUndlichkeit als der Grundstruktur der monastischen Literatur. "
  96. (1957). Flight and Oppression in Fourth-Century Egypt. "
  97. (1990). Forms of Life and Forms of Discourse in Ancient Philosophy. " doi
  98. (1987). From Pagan Rome to Byzantium. doi
  99. (1997). From Palestinian Ignorance to Egyptian Wisdom: Jerome and Cassian on the Monastic Life.
  100. Gaule chretienne d iepogue romaine. 2nd ed.
  101. (1992). Geistliche Unterscheidung bei Johannes Cassian. doi
  102. (1990). Gentleness in the Ad monachos of Evagrius Ponticus. doi
  103. (1936). Giovanni Cassiano ed Evagrio Pontico, dottrina sulla carita e contemplazione.
  104. (1988). Gnostizismus: zurn geistegesischtlichen Standort des Evagrius Pontikos. VigiliaeChristianae40(i986): 24-54-------- - Priez sans cesse. Aux origines de la prWe hhychaste. ' Studia monastica 3o
  105. (1892). Grace andfi-ee will. Trans. Reginald O'Donnell.
  106. (1975). Greek and Coptic Papyri from the Covers of the Nag Hammadi Codices. ' doi
  107. (1979). Handbooks against Heresy in the West, from the Late Fourth to the Late Sixth Centuries. "Journalof 7heological Studies, doi
  108. (1979). Hilairius ecclesiarum magister (Cassien, Contra NestOrium 7,24). "
  109. (1982). Holy Land Pilgrimage in the Later Roman Empire: doi
  110. (1955). I: Anthropologie d'Ori&e dans la perspective du combat spirituel.
  111. (1988). Ideas of Christian Writing in Late Roman Gaul. "
  112. (1956). Incessant Prayer in the Vita Antonii. "
  113. (1992). inneapolis: Fortress Press.
  114. (1974). Innovation in the Desert Fathers.
  115. (1997). Irenaeus ofLyons. doi
  116. (1945). Jean Cassien A Marseille. " Revue du moyen dge latin 1
  117. (1945). Jean Cassien a Marseilles. " Revue du moyen
  118. (1998). Jesus in the Eyes of His Followers: Newly Discovered Manuscripts and Old Christian Confessions. D&F Scott Pub.,
  119. (1984). John Cassian on Unceasing Prayer. "Monastic
  120. (1993). John Cassian: Student of Augustine. "
  121. (1962). Kephalaia gnosticadtvagre le Pontique et 17iistoire de j`Origenisme chez les grecs et les syriens. doi
  122. (1990). Key for Reading the Ad monachos of Evagrius Ponticus. " doi
  123. La conception du desert chez les moines d'Agypte. ' doi
  124. (1983). La doctrine spirtuelle d. tvagre le Pontique sur I'acedie. Spiritualit6 orientale 52. B6grolles-en-Mauges: Abbaye de Bellefontaine, iggi -. -tvagre le Pontique et les deux Macaire. " Parts 1- 2.1 inikon 56
  125. (1936). La puret6 de coeur d'apr6s Cassien. " Revue d'asc6tique et de mystique 17
  126. (1964). Le centre monastique de Sc6td dans la littkrature du Ve si&le. "
  127. (1966). Le fondateur de Saint-Victor de Marseille: Jean Cassien.
  128. (1934). Le trait6 de i'oraison d1tvagre le Pontique. " Revue d'asc6tique et de mystique 15
  129. (1985). Leadership and Community in Late Antique Gaul. The Transformation of the classical heritage 8. doi
  130. (1986). lecture de itcriture selon les anciens P6res. " Revue d'ascetique et de mystique 47 (1971): 183-99. --- - ------Les p&es du D6sert et la Bible. " La vie spirituelle 140
  131. (1995). Lectures on the history of religions. doi
  132. (1989). Leloir, Louis. 'La lectio divina'. "
  133. (1920). Les Conf6rences de Jean Cassien et la doctrine spirituelle des Peres du D6sert. " Vie spirituelle,
  134. (1975). Les deux fonctions de la meditation dans les relgles monastiques anciennes. " Revue d'histoire de Is spiritualite 51
  135. (1966). Les pr6faces des 6crits monastiques de Jean Cassien. " Revue d'asc6tique et de mystique 42
  136. (1996). Listen to the Desert: Secrets of Spiritual Maturityfrom the Desert Fathers and Mothers.
  137. (1991). litteraire du mouvement monastique dans I'antiquite. Vol. I of Le monachisme latin de la mort dAntoine A la tin du sejour de Jerome a Rome. Paris: Editions du Cerf, doi
  138. (1968). liturgie dans le c6nobitisme pach6mien au quatrigme si9cle Series. Studia Anselmiana 57,
  139. (1957). M61anges de sc.
  140. (1965). Man and Sin. a theolq&Fcal tiew. Translated by Joseph Donceel. London: Sheed and Ward,
  141. (1992). Manich6isme et christianisme aux premiers si6cles. " Cahiers ditudes cathares 43: 133
  142. (1997). Many Christs: How Jesus InspiredNot One D-ue Christianity, but Bibliography 299 Man: 7he Truth About Christian Origins. Harper San Francisco,
  143. (1941). Me Origin of the Concept of the Seven Cardinal Sins. doi
  144. (1977). Meditatio-Ruminatio. Zu einem Grundbegriff christlicher Meditation. "
  145. (1955). Meditatio' in den iltesten Mbriclisquellen. "
  146. (1964). Men Possessed by God: the story of the desert monks of ancient Christendom.
  147. (1989). Miroslav Marcovich. Supplements to Vigiliae Christianae; doi
  148. (1983). mit den Witern: Gebetsweise in des Johannes Cassien.
  149. (1995). Monastic Prayer: Text and Context. "
  150. (1956). Note sur 1'evolution du genre apophthftrnatique. " Revue d'asc4tique et de mystique 32
  151. (1968). Nouveaux aspects de la culture ikrinienne.
  152. (1986). On the Trinitarian Mysticism of Evagrius of Pontus. "Monastic
  153. (1976). One Yet 71vo: Monastic Traditions East and West.
  154. (1996). Pach6me 6 Jean Cassien: 6tudes litt6raires et doctrinales sur le monachisme 6gyptien a ses d6buts. Roma: Pontificio Ateneo
  155. (1970). Palladius and the Study of Scripture. "
  156. (1977). Paulinus of Nola and Early Western Monasticism. With a Study of the Chronology of His Works and an Annotated Bibliography. doi
  157. (1924). Pelagianism in the East. " In 7he Making of Orthodoxy: Essays in Honour ofHenry doi
  158. (1988). Persuasion in Late Antiquity : towards a Christian empire. The Curti lectures; doi
  159. Philosophy and Exegesis doi
  160. (1994). Philosophy in Christian Antiquity, doi
  161. (1965). place du contemptus mundi dans la monachisme ancien.
  162. (1955). Poetry and Letters in Early Christian Gaul. London: Bowes and Bowes, doi
  163. (1986). Pontikos, Briefe aus der Wüste. Eingeleitet, Übersetzt und Kommentiert von GabirelBunge. Sophia 24.71rier.
  164. Pray without Ceasing': The Ideal of Continual Prayer in Eastern Monasticism. "
  165. (1925). Prayer in Christian Theology: a study of some moments and masters of the Christian life from Clement of Alexandria to Fenelon. London: Student Christian Movement
  166. (1981). Prayer in Eastern Monasticism and in Saint Benedict.
  167. (1981). Prayer in the Ancient Western Tradition. '
  168. (1977). Prayer in the Tradition of John Cassian. " Parts 1-3. doi
  169. (1994). Prayer in the works OfJohn Cassian. Rome: Pontificium Institutum Orientale,
  170. (1983). preghiera pura di Evagrio e l'influsso del Neoplatonismo. "
  171. (1951). Presses universitaires de France, doi
  172. (1927). Prosper et Cassianus. "Studia catholica,
  173. (1963). Prosper of Aquitaine: Defense of St. doi
  174. (1952). Prosper ofAquitaine: The call of all nations. Ancient Christian writers; the works of the Fathers in translation;
  175. (1989). Questions Concerning the Origenism of Evagrius. " In Origeniana Quinta: Historica, text and method, biblica, philosophica, theologica, Origenism and later developments.
  176. (1962). Recherches sur la tradition grecque des Apophthegmata Patrum.
  177. (1946). Review of L6on Cristiani, Jean Cassien. " Revue du moyen dge latin 2
  178. (1939). Revue dhistoire icclesiastique 35
  179. (1908). Saint Jean Cassien et sa doctrine sur la grdce.
  180. (1985). Saint Jean Cassien et saint Moise Itthiopien. "
  181. (1937). science spirituelle d'apr& Cassien. " Revue d'ascetique et de mystique 18
  182. (1994). Secular stud gus&e and Ladn Chris, *niýi. Aldershot ; Brookfiel, --------- Yes on Au Vt.: Variorurn,
  183. (1993). Self-Knowledge and Contemplation in Cassian's CorIferences. " Studia Patristica 25,
  184. (1998). Semi-Magiens. * Dictionnaire thgologie catholique.
  185. (1973). sExperience of God and Primitive Cenobitism. "Monastic
  186. (1979). Society and Belief in Early Christian Egypt. doi
  187. (1985). sources de quatre premiers livres des Institutions de Jean Cassien. Introduction aux recherches sur les anciennes r6gles monastiques. "
  188. (1984). Spiritual Direction in the Desert Fathers. "
  189. (1990). Spiritual Exercise and Ancient Philosophr. An Introduction to Pierre Hadot. " doi
  190. (1996). Spiritual Progress and the Three Ways. " 7he Downside Review,
  191. (1904). Studien zu dem gallischen presbyter Johannes Cassianus.
  192. (1989). Supplements to Vigiliae Christianae ;
  193. (1998). Suppressed Prayers: Gnostic Spirituality in Early Christianity.
  194. (1955). sur le texte des Apophthegmata patrum. " Recherches de science religieuse 43
  195. (1921). tchos d'Orient, doi
  196. (1988). The Abbatial Office in Cenobitic Life. "
  197. (1988). The Anthropology of Evagrius Ponticus and Its Sources. " in Origen of Alexandria: his world and his
  198. (1974). The Art ofRhetoric in Alexandria: Its Theory and Practice in the Ancient World, Martinus Nijhoff. The Hague,
  199. (1985). The Ascetic Ideal in the History of the Church. "
  200. (1959). The Ayans of the Hermits of Scete.
  201. (1964). The Call of the Desert: the solitary life in the doi
  202. (1913). The Christian Platonists ofAlexandria.
  203. (1977). The Concept of Obedience in the Monastic Writings of Basil and Cassian. "
  204. (1997). The Controversy over AIIAE)EIA: Cassian's Sources and His Use of Them. "
  205. (1994). The Debate on Grace and Free Will in Fifth-century Southern Gaul. "
  206. (1994). The Development of the Interior life in Certain Early Monastic Writings in Egypt. "
  207. (1932). The Early History of Monasticism from the Original Sources. * Bibliotheca Sacra and Theological Review,
  208. (1990). The Emergence of the Monastic Ideal. " Monastic Life in the Christian and Hindu Traditions. A Comparative doi
  209. (1993). The Encroaching Desert: Literary Production and Ascetic Space in Early Christian Egypt. "Joumal ofEarly doi
  210. (1951). The Era of the Church Fathers: A History of the Early Church, doi
  211. (1991). The Gift of Discerning Spirits'in the Vita Antonii 16-44-m Studia PatriStiCa,
  212. (1973). The johannine Gospe/ in Gnarde Exegejis. Herackoný Commentag on John.
  213. The Lausiac History ofPalladius. A Critical Discussion together with Notes on Early Egyptian MonachiSM. 2 Vols. Texts and Studies,
  214. (1966). The Monastic Concept of Purity of Heart and Its Sources. " Parts 1-5.
  215. (1975). The Origenist Crisis of the Sixth Century. "
  216. (1989). The Origins of Monasticiam. "
  217. (1983). The Origins of the Christian Mystical Tradition: From Plato to Denys. doi
  218. (1984). The Problem of Figuration in Antiquity. "
  219. (1994). The Reading of Egyptian Monastic Culture in doi
  220. (1971). The Rise and Function of the Ifoly Man in Late Antiquity.
  221. (1990). The Sententiae ad virginern by Evagrius Ponticus and the Problem of Early Monastic Rules. "Augustinianum 30 doi
  222. (1986). The Spiritual Guide. " Trans. Margaret Kirby.
  223. (1978). The Stoic Concept of Detachment. "
  224. (1974). The Study of Monastic History Today. "
  225. (1993). The Theological Anthropology of
  226. (1995). The Theological Anthropology of Clement of Alexandria. "
  227. The Use of Dialogue in the Vitae sanctorum. doi
  228. (1986). The Writers of Goal: John Cassian. "
  229. (1992). Thesaurus 16hannis CassianL Series A: Formae. Thesaurus patrum latinorum. Introduction by Paul Trombeur.
  230. (1992). Through a Glass Darkly: Diverse Images of the APOTAKrIKOI(Al) of Early Egyptian Monasticism.
  231. (1992). Title Details: Fifth-century Gaul :a crisis of identity? / edited by John Drinkwater and Hugh Elton Publisher: Cambridge ; New York: doi
  232. (1965). tradition manuscrite des Apophthegmata Patrum. 9tat pr6sent des recherches. " Revue d'ascetique et de mystique 61
  233. (1968). Un homme d'exp6rience: Cassien. "
  234. (1985). Un morceau c6lebr6 de Cassien parmi des extraits dtvagre. "
  235. (1972). Un philosophe au desert: tvagre le Pontique. " Revue de lhistoire des religions 181 doi
  236. (1983). Une interpolation inspir6e de Cassien dans un texte monastique de C6saire dArles. "
  237. (1923). Unter dem Geheimnis des Kreuzes. Die kl6sterliche Profess bei Kassian. "
  238. (1973). Vascktisme chrktien dans la littkrature gallo-romaine d'Hilaire A Cassien. " In Att del Colloquio sul tema: la gallid romana: (Roma, w-ii maggio j971) / promosso dallAccademia nazionale dei Lincei in collaborazione con I'Ecolefrancaise de Rome.
  239. (1935). Vie contemplative et vie active d'apr6s Cassien. " Revue d'asc6tique et de mystique 16
  240. (1967). Vie de saint Martin. SC 133-135. Paris: Eaditions du Cerf,
  241. (1943). Vorigine des 'Capitula' d'Orange 529, " Recherches de th6ologie anctenne et m6dievale 6
  242. (1973). Which Came First : the Hermit or the Community?
  243. (1977). With Particular Reference to Institutio XII and Conlatio XUL" Recherches de theologie ancienne et m6di6vale 44
  244. (1988). Women, and Sexual Renunciation in Early Christianity . New Yori: doi
  245. (1954). Zu der neuen lateinischen Übersetzung des Mönchspiegels des Evagrius. doi
  246. (1900). Zur Heimat des Johannes Cassianus.

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.