Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Anti-Spanish sentiment in English literary and political writing 1553-1603

By Mark G. Sanchez


This thesis examines anti-Spanish sentiment within Marian and Elizabethan literary and political writing. Although its primary aim is to reinvigorate the reader's perceptions\ud about a topic that has traditionally been subject to considerable scholarly neglect, four `core' objectives can still be identified (a) to demonstrate how `anti-Spanishness' began as a deliberate, highly systematic attempt to tackle a number of unresolved issues within\ud the minds of English Protestants through the dissemination of a key set of exegetical and eschatological myths (b) to show how these same myths were subsequently reinforced,\ud both in the Marian and Elizabethan periods, by the extreme binary ideology that lay at the heart of early reformist thought itself (c) to redefine the ideological development of English textual hispanophobia within the early modem period and reveal how the triggers which catalysed it into birth, although dormant for a few years after Mary's\ud death, never quite faded during its subsequent politico-literary mutations during Elizabeth's reign and (d) to propose and at the same time demonstrate that, even though\ud English hispanophobia reached an unprecedented climax during Elizabeth's time in power both in terms of popular hatred for the Spaniard and number of anti-Spanish texts\ud published, Elizabethan anti-Hispanism can still be viewed as one and the same thing as its Marian precursor -a purposeful and highly planned attempt to reinforce English\ud religious and national identity in the face of a threatening, yet reluctantly respected Spain

Publisher: School of English (Leeds)
Year: 2004
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (1599). A Briefe Description of the whole worlde (London,
  2. A Briefe Discoverie of DoctorAllens seditious drifts (London,
  3. A Briefe Report of the Militarie Service done in the Low Countries, by the Erle of Leicester (London,
  4. (1588). A Caveat for France upon the Present Evils, trans. Edward Aggas (London,
  5. A compendiou[s regi]ster in Metre, contei[ning the] names, and pacient suffry[ngs of the] membres of Jesus Christ, a[nd the tormented; and cruelly burned [within] Englande (London,
  6. A declaration of Edmonde Bonners articles, concerning the cleargye of London dyocese whereby that excerable [sic] Antychriste, is... reveled in the yeare of our Lord a. 1554 (London,
  7. A Declaration of the Causes Mooving the Queene of England to give aide to the Defence of the People afflicted and oppressed in the lowe Countries (London,
  8. A Declaration of the Sentence and deposition of Elizabeth, the usurper and pretensed Quene of Englande (Antwerp,
  9. A defen[ce] and true declaration off the] thinges lately done in the 1o11, e countrey,
  10. A Discourse of the Felicitie of Man (London,
  11. A Fig for the Spaniard, or Spanish Spirits (London,
  12. A general) rehearsal) of warres, wherein is five hundred several) services of land and sea: as sieges, battailes, skirmiches, and encounters (London,
  13. A joyful new Ballad, declaring the happie obtaining of the great Galleazo, wherein Don Pietro de Valdez was the chiefe (London,
  14. A justification or cleering of the Prince of Orendge agaynst the false sclaunders (London,
  15. A Lamentable, and pit full Description, of the wofull warrres in Flaunders (London,
  16. A Larum for London, or The Siedge ofAntwerpe (London,
  17. A mervailous combat of contrarieties (London,
  18. A most necessary and godly prayer, for the preservation of the right honourable the Earle of Leicester,
  19. A new Ballet of the straunge and most cruell Whippes which the Spanyards had prepared to whippe and torment English men and women (London,
  20. A Pageant of Spanish Humours. Wherin are naturally described and lively portrayed, the kinds and quallities of a Signior of Spaine,
  21. A plain or moste true report of a daungerous service, stoutely attempted, and manfully brought to passe by English men, Scottes men, Wallons & other worthy soldiours, for the takyng of Macklin on the sodaine, a strong Citee in Flaunders (London,
  22. A Skeltonicall Salutation, or condign gratulation and just vexation of the Spanish Nation (London,
  23. A songe betwene the quenes majestie and Englande (London,
  24. A Suplicacyon to the quenes majestie (Strasbourg,
  25. A trewe mirrour or glase wherin we maye beholde the wofull state of thys our Realme of Englande (Wesel?,
  26. A true Discourse of the Armie which the King of Spaine caused to bee assembled in the Haven of Lisbon... Translated out of French into English, by Daniel Archdeacon (London,
  27. A True Discourse of the Assault Committed upon the person of the most noble Prince, William Prince of Orange (London,
  28. A true rehersall of the Honorable & Tryumphant Victory: which the defenders of the Trueth have had againste the tyranical and bloodthirsty heape of the Albanists (London,
  29. A True relation of the faction begun at Wisbich, by Fa. Edmonds, alias Weston, a Jesuite (London,
  30. A Warnyng for Englande, conteynyng the horrible practices of the Kyng
  31. Acts of the Privy Council of England. doi
  32. (1588). An Admonition to the Nobility and People of England and Ireland (Antwerp,
  33. (1573). An Answer and true discourse to a certain Letter lately sent by the Duke of Alba (in manner of a pardon) to those of Amsterdam... [flaithefully translated out of the Dutch into English, by
  34. An Answer to the Untruthes, published and printed in Spaine, in glorie of their supposed victorie atchieved against our English Navie (London,
  35. An Answere to a Letter of a Jesuited Gentleman, by his Cosin,
  36. An Antiquodlibet, or An Advertisement to Beware of Secular Priests (London,
  37. An Arithmetical) Militare Treatise, named Stratioticos (London, 1579 [STC 6848]). Diggs, Thomas, Humble Motives for Association to Maintaine Religion Established.
  38. An Armor of Proofe, brought from the Tower of David, to fight against Spannyardes, and all enimies of the trueth (London,
  39. An English garner: ingatherings from our history and literature,
  40. An Epitaphe declaryng the lyfe and end of D. Edmund Boner (London,
  41. An Epitome of Cronicles (London,
  42. An Harborowe for Faithfull and Trewe Subjectes, agaynst the late blowne Blaste, concerninge the Government of Wemen (London,
  43. An Historical) Discourse, or rather a tragical) Historie of the citie of Antwerpe, since the departure of king Phillip king of Spaine out of Netherland (London,
  44. (1588). An Oration Militarie to all naturall Englishmen (London,
  45. Another Letter of Mr.
  46. (1916). Calendar of Letters, Despatches and State Papers: Relating to the Negotiations between England and Spain, preserved
  47. Calendar of State Papers and Manuscripts Relating to English affairs, existing in the archives and collections of Venice, doi
  48. Calendar of State Papers, Domestic Series, of the reign of Elizabeth, 1581-1590, preserved in Her Majesty's Public Record Office,
  49. Calendar of State Papers, Foreign series, of the reign of Edward doi
  50. Calendar of State Papers, Foreign series, of the reign of Elizabeth, 1575-1577, preserved doi
  51. Calendar of State Papers, Foreign series, of the reign of Mary, 1553-1558, preserved doi
  52. Certaine Tragicall Discourses writtten [sic] oute of Frenche and Latin... no lesse profitable then pleasaunt, and of like necessitye to al degrees that take pleasure in antiquityes or forreine reapportes, trans. Geoffrey Fenton (London,
  53. Certayne Newes of the whole description, ayde, and helpe of the Christian Princes and Nobles... for the comfort and deliveraunce of the poore Christians in the low Countries (London,
  54. Certein Letters wherin is set forth a Discourse of the Peace that was attempted and sought to have bin put
  55. (1880). Crosby (London: Longman and Company,
  56. (1588). Elizabetha Triumphans (London,
  57. Important Considerations, which ought to move all true and sound Catholikes... to acknowledge... that the proceedings of her Majesty... with them... have bene both mild and mercifull (London,
  58. Jerusalems misery, or The dolefull destruction of faire Jerusalem... Wherein is shewed the woonderfull miseries which God brought upon that citty for sinne, being utterly over-throwne and destroyed by Sword, pestilence and famine (London,
  59. Loves Cure, or the Martiall Maide,
  60. (1961). Lust's Dominion, in The Dramatic Works of Thomas Dekker, doi
  61. (1555). Martire d', The Decades of the newe worlde or west India, conteynyng the navigation and conquestes of the Spanyardes,
  62. Nichols (London: doi
  63. Oliver Cromwell's Letters and Speeches: doi
  64. Prayers and other pieces of Thomas Becon, edited for the Parker Society by John Ayre
  65. Prior of, The Explanation of the True and Lawfull Right and Tytle, of the Moste Excellent Prince, Anthonie the first of that name,
  66. Published as an antidote against the pestilent treatises of Secular Priests (London,
  67. Regente of the lowe Countrie of Flaunders: By the Lordes and
  68. Sir Francis Drake Revived: Calling upon this Dull or Effeminate Age, to folowe his Noble Steps for Golde & Silver (London,
  69. The Anatomie of Popish Tyrannie (London,
  70. The Arrainment of the whole society of Jesuits in France (London,
  71. The arte of navigation, conteynyng a compendious description of the sphere, trans. Richard Eden (London,
  72. The Arte of shooting in great Ordnaunce (London,
  73. (1997). The Bible: the Authorized King James Version with Apocrypha, doi
  74. The blinde begger ofAlexandria (London,
  75. The Copie of a letter sent out of England to Don Bernardin Mendoza[] Ambassador in France for the King of Spaine, declaring the state of England, contrary to the opinion of Don Bernardin, and of all his partizans Spaniardes and others (London,
  76. (1587). The Copie of a Letter written by M. Doctor Allen concerning the yeelding up, of the Citie of Daventrie, unto his Catholike Majestie, by Sir William Stanley Knight (Antwerp,
  77. The copye of a letter sent by John Bradforth to the Right Honorable Lordes the Erles of Arundel, Darbie, Shrewsbury and Penbroke (n. p.,
  78. The Courtyer of Count Baldessar Castlio divided into foure bookes, trans. Sir Thomas Hoby (London,
  79. The Image of bothe churches (Antwerp,
  80. The Lamentacion of England. With an addycion off'Callis 15S8 (n. p.,
  81. The masque of the league and the Spanyard discovered (London,
  82. The meanes lawfull and unlawfull, to judge of the fall of a Common-wealth... Whereunto is added, A Letter from England to her three Daughters (London,
  83. The moste notable Historie of John Lord Mandosse, trans. Thomas Peend (London,
  84. (1567). The second Tome of the Palace of Pleasure, conteyning store of goodly Histories, Tragicall matters, and other Morall argument[s], trans. William Painter (London,
  85. The Spanish grammer: with certaine rules teaching both the Spanish and French tongues (London,
  86. The True Difference between christian subjection and unchristian rebellion (London,
  87. The true discourse of the wonderfull victorie, obteined by Henrie the fourth... in a battell against those of the League (London,
  88. The Valiant and most laudable fight preformed... by the Centurion of London, against five Spanish Gallies (London,
  89. (1559). The wonders of England (London,
  90. (1969). The Works of Thomas Campion, doi
  91. Time Complaining, giveth a most godly admonition, and very profitable Instruction to England in this our dangerous Tyme (London,
  92. (1861). Turnbull doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.