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Dependencia de la gasolina. Presentación de un caso.

By Ariel Acosta González, Milaidi Milian Martínez and Amalia González Pestana

Abstract

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mso-footer-margin:36.0pt; mso-paper-source:0;} div.Section1 {page:Section1;} --> <!--[if gte mso 10]> <mce:style><! /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} --> <!--[endif]--> <p>Actualmente las toxicomanías se incluyen entre las afecciones de peor pronóstico, pues una vez establecidas presentan notable resistencia al tratamiento y una marcada tendencia a la recaída. Este trabajo tuvo como objetivo presentar el caso de un adolescente de 13 años, con una dependencia a la aspiración de la gasolina. Al examen físico se constataron características propias de intoxicación, que corroboraron la razón por la cual el menor fue llevado a consulta. Durante el ingreso, el paciente presentó un cuadro ligero de agitación psicomotriz que cedió con dosis bajas de ansiolíticos. Las diferentes entrevistas arrojaron que el paciente procedía de una familia disfuncional, lo cual repercutía en su salud mental. El tratamiento medicamentoso y psicoterapéutico, posibilitó que el adolescente abandonara el consumo inhalatorio de la gasolina. La revisión de la bibliografía, así como la consulta con el Instituto Nacional de Toxicología, no reportó evidencias de caso similar publicado en Cuba.</p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 12pt;"> </span></p

Topics: trastornos relacionados con sustancias, gasolina, toxicología, conducta adictiva, relacionales familiares, prevención primaria, Medicine (General), R5-920, Medicine, R
Publisher: Centro Provincial de Información de las Ciencias Médicas en Cienfuegos
Year: 2011
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:41c5b3ecf12642a9b17f4ccb38ba0976
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