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Size at birth and morbidity in the first year of life

By Nurdelia Figueredo Rodríguez, Nurdelkis Figueredo Rodríguez, Rolando Antonio Rodríguez Sánchez, Rafael Jiménez García and Jorge Bacallao Gallestey


<strong>Background:</strong> delay in growth during childhood is associated with higher morbidity and mortality, decreased activity and patterns of interaction, including the child’s psychomotor development, school performance and socio-emotional functioning.<br /> <strong>Objective:</strong> to identify the incidence of diseases during the first year of life in infants who were small at birth.<br /> <strong>Methods:</strong> a longitudinal and prospective cohort study was conducted with a sample of live-born infants in January 2011 in the Eusebio Hernández Maternity Hospital in the municipality of Playa. Physical exam was performed for each individual measurement. Medical history was gathered. Several analyses of variance were conducted for repeated observations. <br /><strong>Results:</strong> there were no significant differences between infants born small and those with normal birth size, regarding the incidence of diseases. <br /><strong>Conclusions:</strong> small size at birth was not found to be an important variable to measure the incidence of diseases during the first year of life. It was not considered a risk marker either, at least during the study period

Topics: peso por estatura, insuficiencia de crecimiento, trastornos del crecimiento, morbilidad, lactante, Medicine (General), R5-920, Medicine, R
Publisher: Centro Provincial de Información de las Ciencias Médicas en Cienfuegos
Year: 2013
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:deba664d4c60452996ade9b735fa9b85
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