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Syringe exchange programs in Brazil: preliminary assessment of 45 programs

By Elize Massard da Fonseca, José Mendes Ribeiro, Neilane Bertoni and Francisco I. Bastos

Abstract

The present study aims to evaluate the current operation of Brazilian syringe exchange programs (SEP). After consulting national and regional networks of people working in projects/ programs aiming to reduce drug-related harm, we identified 134 potential participant programs. Unfortunately, only 45 SEPs answered a survey, even after repeated attempts. The survey addressed: coverage, funding, procurement of basic supplies, managerial capacity, and the local political environment. Findings were triangulated with in-depth interviews with key informants. The main findings included: satisfactory adherence to the initiatives and adequate documentation, but deficiencies in terms of coverage and monitoring, and uneven procurement of resources. Program personnel work mostly on a provisional basis, despite the efforts of local coordinators. Most programs are funded by the National STDs/AIDS Program. A comprehensive agenda aiming to improve current operations should include: concerted efforts to improve local and regional databanks, incentives/sanctions toward full accountability of initiatives carried by the programs, and a genuine culture of monitoring and evaluation

Topics: Programas de Troca de Seringas, Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida, Uso Indevido de Drogas Parenterais, Medicine, R, Public aspects of medicine, RA1-1270
Publisher: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:8f912b8ea2354b7986bb05311a5b2032
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