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Factors associated with condom use in women from an urban area in southern Brazil

By Mariângela Freitas da Silveira, Iná Silva dos Santos, Jorge Umberto Béria, Bernardo Lessa Horta, Elaine Tomasi and Cesar Gomes Victora


This study investigated the prevalence of factors associated with condom use during last sexual intercourse in 15-49-year-old women in a probabilistic sample from the urban area of Pelotas, southern Brazil. A questionnaire administered by an interviewer, investigating socioeconomic characteristics and habits, and another (self-administered) questionnaire on sexual behavior-related variables were used. Poisson regression, following a hierarchical model, was used for data analysis. 1,543 women were included, and losses and refusals amounted to 3.5%. Prevalence of condom use in last sexual intercourse was 28.0%. Condom use was positively associated with younger age, greater schooling, non-white color, single marital status, and greater number of sex partners in the previous three months. This suggests that the group most vulnerable to STDs/AIDS due to lack of condom use is white, adult women, in stable unions, with fewer sexual partners

Topics: Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida, Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis, Comportamento Sexual, Saúde da Mulher, Fatores de Risco, Medicine, R, Public aspects of medicine, RA1-1270
Publisher: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
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