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Effects of the Addition of Sodium Alginate and the Concentration of Calcium Chloride on the Properties of Composite Nonwoven Fabrics

By Lou Ching-Wen, Lee Mong-Chuan, Chen Chih-Kuang, Wen Shih-Peng, Jian Bai-Chen and Lin Jia-Horng

Abstract

Nonwoven fabrics have merits, and for example, they can be simply and quickly processed with a variety of materials and an easily changeable manufacturing process. This study aims to examine the influences of the addition of sodium alginate (SA) and the concentration of calcium chloride (CaCl2) on the properties of the composite nonwoven fabrics. Chitosan (CS) micro-particles and SA solution are cross-linked with CaCl2 with various concentrations, combined with farir heat preservative staples (FT)/cotton (C) nonwoven fabrics, and then freeze-dried to form CS/SA/FT/C composite nonwoven fabrics. Afterwards, physical property tests are performed on the resulting composite nonwoven fabrics to determine their properties as related to various concentrations of CaCl2. The addition of SA decreases the water vapor permeability of FT/C nonwoven fabrics by 15 %, but the concentrations of CaCl2 do not influence the water vapor permeability. Compared to FT/C nonwoven fabrics, CS/SA/FT/C composite nonwoven fabrics have significantly lower water absorbency and water vapor permeability, but a greater stiffness

Topics: Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General), TA1-2040
Publisher: EDP Sciences
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.1051/matecconf
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:1cc16ea4c8f944ef829fc57d900c3e51
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  • http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/mate... (external link)
  • https://doaj.org/article/1cc16... (external link)
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