Location of Repository

Towards a national puppet centre for the Lebanon

By Mona Knio

Abstract

The impression that Arabs did not attempt to express themselves through the medium of dramatic arts till recently echoes a simultaneous conviction which\ud prevailed concerning visual arts expression. Early in the second half of this century, researchers started questioning whether Arabs could have expressed\ud themselves in visual or dramatic representations under the auspices of Islam. Meanwhile, we have been rediscovering our visual, oral and dramatic art heritage through a Western cultural perspective.\ud \ud The aim of this research is to examine the sources of inspiration which have been shaping the visual and dramatic art traditions in the Arab Middle East region over the past five thousand years. Little attention has been given to the\ud interplay between the various forms of artistic expression in the Middle East. Besides, much less concern has been articulated about the performance arts interpretation of the notion of abstraction which characterises the artistic\ud expressions of the region.\ud \ud One performance art form that has gone a long way in the direction towards abstraction is puppetry. From the times of the Pharaohs and Mesopotamians, puppets and masked actors communicated myths and legends in religious rituals\ud and festivals. Later, puppets continued under Islam to communicate secular themes and narratives.\ud \ud Puppets, by their nature, involve the concept of alienation and enable the modern Arab to present ideas in a manner consistent with his intellectual, cultural and aesthetic predilections.\ud \ud In its search for forms of dramatic expression the Lebanese theatre might profitably look into its own cultural heritage, try to learn from and experiment with the various types of oral and performance traditions especially puppetry which has been long forgotten

Publisher: School of English (Leeds)
Year: 1994
OAI identifier: oai:etheses.whiterose.ac.uk:521

Suggested articles

Preview

Citations

  1. (1931). A Book Of Marionettes. London: George Allen And U nwi n Ltd,
  2. (1952). A Comparative Study Of Abraham's Sacrifice In Persian Passion Plays And Western Mystery Plays. Tehran: Ministry Of Culture
  3. (1988). A Glimpse of the Puppet in Central Africa". UNIMA Information Special: L'Afrique Noire en Marionnettes. Charlevilles - Mezieres,
  4. (1966). A History Of Toys.
  5. (1972). A History Of World Theater. doi
  6. Abd AI-Razaq. "Tajriba Jadida Fi Ihya' Khayal AI-Zill". AI-Hayat AIMasrahiya.
  7. (1963). Abd al-Hamid. Khayal Al-ZilL Cairo: al-Dar aI-Misriyya Ii'I-Ta'Iif wa alTarjama,
  8. (1966). AI-Aragoz Al-Misri Wa Karagiozis AI-Yunani".
  9. (1986). AI-Hay'a aI= Amma Li'I Kitab,
  10. (1984). AI-Masrah: Agni`at Al-Madina. Beirut: Dar al-Muthallath,
  11. (1956). AI-Masrahiyya Fi AI-Adab AI-`Arabi Al-Hadith 1847-1914.3rd ed. Beirut: Dar al-Thagafa,
  12. (1979). AI-Mitholojya `Ind AI-`Arab. Beirut: Dar aI-Nahar,
  13. (1960). AI-Sha`ir Wa AI-Rababa".
  14. (1986). AI-Sha`rawi, `Abd al-Mu`ti. Al-Masrah Al-Misri Al-Mu`asir. Asluh Wa Bidayatuh.
  15. (1990). Al-'Ara'is Wa AI-Lu'b AI-Sha`biyya Fi Misr". AI-Ma'thurat AISha`biyyah.
  16. (1987). Al-Fanigi, Ismail. "Islam And Architecture". Fine Arts In Islamic Civilization.
  17. (1990). Al-Hakawati Fi Dimashq". AI-Ma'thurat Al-Sha`biyyah.
  18. (1971). Al-Islam Wa A/-Masrah. Trans. Rafiq al-Sabban. Cairo: Dar alHilal,
  19. (1972). Al-Masrah AI-`Arabi Min Ayn Wa Ila Ayn. Damascus: Mu'assasat al-Kuttab al-
  20. (1967). Al-Masrah al-Misri al-Qadim. Trans. Tharwat `Ukasha. Cairo: Dar al-Kitab al-'Arabi,
  21. (1987). Al-Masrah Fi Al-Turath AI-Sha'bi".
  22. (1980). Al-Masrah Fi Al-Watan AI-`Arabi. Kuwait: `Alam al-Ma`rifa,
  23. (1992). Al-Sulala AI= Admiya Min AI= Ara'is AI-Sha`biyya Fi Misr". AI-Ma'thurat AI-Sha'biyyah.
  24. (1985). Al-ZawahirAl-Masrahiyya `Ind Al-`Arab. rev. 3rd ed. 1981; rpt., Damascus: Manshurat Itihad al-Kuttab al-'Arab,
  25. (1981). Alf `Aam'wa- `Aam `Ala al- Masrah al-`Arabi. Trans. Tawfiq aI-Mu'adhin. Beirut: Dar al-Farabi,
  26. (1983). Ali lbrahim. Khayal AI-Zill. 2nd ed. Cairo: Dar al-Ma'arif,
  27. (1985). An Exhibition Of Ancient Festival Roberts From Japan. London: Barbican Art Gallery,
  28. (1981). Animals And The Origins Of Dance. London: Thames and Hudson,
  29. (1986). Arab Folk Epic And Identity. doi
  30. (1978). Arab Painting. doi
  31. (1991). Arabesque: Negative Structure And Aesthetics Of Repetition doi
  32. (1986). Arabic Drama: A Critical Introduction.
  33. (1982). Arabic Drama: Ibn Daniyal". Jouma/ Of Arabic Literature. Xlll doi
  34. (1983). Architecture And Art". The Genius Of Arab Civilization.
  35. (1951). Arrest And Movement: Space And Time In The Art Of The Ancient Middle East. doi
  36. (1992). Art And Illusion: A Study
  37. (1974). Art: An Introduction. doi
  38. (1967). Arusat Al-Mulid. Cairo: Dar al-Kitab al-'Arabi,
  39. (1962). Asia: Arab Painting. doi
  40. (1979). Asian Puppets: Wall Of The World. Los Angeles:
  41. (1979). Aswaq A! JArab: `Ard Adabi Tarikhi Li'I--Aswaq Al-Mawsammiyya AI-`Amma `Ind AI-`Arab. Beirut: Dar al-Shura,
  42. (1974). Aswaq Al-`Arab Fi Al-Jahiliyya Wa Al-Islam. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr,
  43. (1987). Athar Islami Musawar. 2 Vols. Beirut: Dar al-Mustaqbal al'Arabi,
  44. (1976). Automata And Mechanical Toys.
  45. (1966). Awwal Katib Masrah 'Arabi".
  46. (1985). Back Stage At Bunraku.
  47. (1985). Beyond The Veil: Male-Female Dynamics doi
  48. (1965). Bunraki: The Art Of The Japanese Puppet Theatre. Palo Alto:
  49. (1990). Cambridge: doi
  50. (1991). Charleville-Mezieres:
  51. (1988). Chinese Shadow Puppet Plays.
  52. (1985). Coffee And Coffeehouses: The Origin Of A Social Beverage doi
  53. (1987). Coptic Egypt: History And Guide. doi
  54. (1979). Cultural Dimension Of Performance Conventions In Iranian Ta'ziyeh". Ta`ziyeh: Ritual And Drama In Iran.
  55. (1991). Darmouth College,
  56. (1974). Dirasat Nazariyya Fi AI-Fann Al-'Arabi. Cairo: AI-Hay'a alMisriyya al `Amma Ii'I-Kitab,
  57. (1992). Dramaturgy And The Asian Puppet Theatre". Present Trends in Research Of The World Puppetry. Ed. Marek Waszkiel.
  58. (1988). Early Arabic Drama. Cambridge: doi
  59. (1991). Egypt And Nubia.
  60. (1990). Egyptian Myths. London: British Museum Publication,
  61. (1990). Emotions In Motion: Theatrical Puppets And Masks From Black Africa. Montreal: Galerie Amrad African Arts,
  62. (1987). Exploring The World Of The Pharaohs. doi
  63. (1990). Facts On File, doi
  64. (1971). Fann AI-Kumidya: Min Khayal AI-Zill Ila Najib A! -Rihani. Cairo: Dar alHilal,
  65. (1992). Fann Al-Wasiti: Min Khilal Maqamat AI-Hariri. Cairo: Dar alShuruq,
  66. (1980). Fi AI-Quran. Beirut: Dar aI-Shuruq,
  67. (1988). Foreheads Of The Dead: An Anthropological View Of Kalabari Ancestral Screens. Washington D. C.: Smithonian Institution doi
  68. (1975). Formes Traditionnelles Du Spectacle. Tunis: Societe Tunisienne de Diffusion,
  69. (1978). Fransoise Et Cherif. Le Theatre D'Ombres. Rennes: Maison De La Culture,
  70. (1992). Gods Demons And Symbols Of Ancient Mesopotamia: An Illustrated Dictionary. doi
  71. (1937). History Of The Arabs. doi
  72. (1987). Humor And Comedy In Puppetry: Celebration In Popular Culture. doi
  73. (1990). Indian Theatre: Traditions Of Performance. Honolulu: doi
  74. (1992). Institute Of The Polish Academy of Sciences, doi
  75. (1985). Introduction". Treasures Of Islam. London: Sotheby's I Philip Wilson Publishers,
  76. (1977). Islam And Art". Studia Islamica. Ex fasciculo XXXVII. Paris: Maisonneuve Larose,
  77. (1981). Islam: Art Of The Mamluks. Washington D. C.: Smithonian Institution Press,
  78. (1993). Islamic Art.
  79. (1976). Jewellers With Words". The World Of Islam: Faith, People, Culture. Ed. Bemard Lewis.
  80. (1930). Jointed Dolls In Antiquity".
  81. (1981). Kalila Wa Dimna: Fables From A Fourteenth-Century Arabic Manuscript. Washington D. C.: Smithonian Institution Press,
  82. Khayal AI-Zill Al=Arabi".
  83. (1980). Khayal AI-Zill Fi AI-Masrah AI-Suri Wa Fasl Shalalub". AlHayat Al-Masrahiya.
  84. (1980). Khayal AI-Zill Fi AI-Sahil AI-Suri Wa Fasl Qaragozan Wa `Aiwazan". AIHayat AI-Masrahiya.
  85. (1976). Khayal AI-Zill Wa AI-Ara'is Fi AI-'Alam. Cairo: al-Katib al'Arabi,
  86. (1957). Khayal AI-Zill Wa Al-Ub Wa AI-Tamathil AI-Musawwara 'Ind Al'Arab. Cairo: Dar al-Kitab al= Arabi bi Misr,
  87. (1979). Khayal AI-Zill Wa Tahawulatuh: Khayal AI-Zill Fi AI-Sahil AI-Sud Wa Fasl AI `Ars". Al-Hayat Al-Masrahiya.
  88. (1963). Khayal AI-Zill Wa-Tamthiliyat Ibn Daniyal. Cairo: al-Mu'assasa al-Misriyya al= Amma,
  89. (1984). Khayal Al-Zill AI `Arabi". Al-Naashir Al-'Arabi. doi
  90. (1984). Kinesthetic Communication In Dance". doi
  91. (1988). Kostas Myrsiades. doi
  92. (1988). L'Is/am Nette Stampe. Milano: Itinerari D'I mmagini,
  93. (1988). La Sorbonne Nouvelle, doi
  94. (1954). Le Theatre Dan L'Ancienne Egypt". Revue D'Histoire Du Theatre.
  95. (1988). Lisan Al-`Arab. 18 Vols. Beirut: Dar Ihya' aI-Turath,
  96. (1979). Literary And Musical Development In Ta'ziyeh". Ta'ziyeh: Ritual And Drama In Iran.
  97. (1986). Live Theatre In Medieval Islam". Studies In Islamic History And Civilization In
  98. (1986). Living Dolls: Story Of Indian Puppets. India: Publication Division Ministry Of Information And Broadcasting,
  99. (1915). London:
  100. (1985). Lustre Pottery: Technique, Tradition And Innovation In Islam And The Western World.
  101. (1982). Maqamat Badi' AL-Zaman Al-Hamadhani. Beirut: Dar al-Afaq alJadida,
  102. (1985). Marionnettes Et Ombre D'Asie. Paris: Le Louvre Des Antiquaireý$,
  103. (1983). Mas'alat Al-Tamthil Fi Al-Mujtama' Al-Islami".
  104. (1976). Masks Of Black Africa. doi
  105. (1983). Mechanical Technology". The Genius Of Arab Civilisation: Source of Renaissance.
  106. (1990). Mesopotamian Myths. London: British Museum Publication,
  107. (1977). Min Khayal Al-Zill. Damascus: Itihad al-Kuttab al=Arab,
  108. (1974). Modem Egyptian Drama: An Anthology. Minneapolis: Bibliotheca Islamica, doi
  109. (1991). Music And Musicians In Ancient Egypt. doi
  110. (1973). Najib AI-Rihani: From Buffoonery To Social Comedy".
  111. (1972). Najib Al-Rihani Wa TatawwurAl-Kumidya Fi Misr. Cairo: Dar al-Ma`arif,
  112. New English Dictionary On Historical Principles. 13 Vols.
  113. (1986). Other Faces: Indian Masks. India: Publication Division Ministry Of Information And Broadcasting,
  114. (1965). Painting In Islam: The Study Of Place Of Pictorial Art In Muslim Culture. doi
  115. (1988). Performance Of Life After Death, The Unil, Object-Actor Of The Funeral Ceremony. UNIMA Information Special: L'Afrique Noire En Marionnettes. Charleville-Mezieres,
  116. (1977). Performance Theory. doi
  117. (1980). Performing Arts: A Guide To Practice And Appreciation.
  118. (1988). Peter Schumann's Bread And Puppet Theatre. 2 vols. doi
  119. (1974). Pictures Or Commentaries: The Illustrations Of Maqamat Al-Harm". Studies In Art And Literature In The Near East.
  120. (1993). Popular Culture In Medieval Cairo. Cambridge: doi
  121. (1993). Raof, Michael. Cultural Atlas Of Mesopotamia And The Ancient Near East.
  122. (1980). Religious Culture". People In
  123. (1980). Retold by. The Assemblies Of Al-Hariri: Fifty Encounters With The Shaykh Abu Zayd Of Serug. London The Octagon Press,
  124. (1969). rpt.
  125. (1982). rpt. Great Britain: Miriam Webster Inc.
  126. (1975). rpt., A Dost Publication,
  127. (1985). Salih. AI-Fann Al-Islami. Cairo: Dar al-Ma'rif, n.
  128. (1910). Schattenspielfiguren Aus Egypten". Der Islam : Zeitschrift Fur GeschihteUnd Kultur Des Islamischen Orients.
  129. (1979). Semiological Aspects Of The Ta`ziyeh ". Ta`ziyeh: Ritual And Drama.
  130. (1947). Shadow Plays In The Near East".
  131. (1979). Shi'ism And Ashura In South Lebanon". Ta`ziyeh: Ritual And Drama In Iran.
  132. (1981). Sinaryo `Ala Al-Masrah AI-`Arabi Fi Mi'at `Aam. Beirut: Dar alBahith,
  133. (1981). Slatkine Ressources ,
  134. (1967). Some Considerations On The Puppet Theatre". The Puppet Theatre Of The Modem World.
  135. (1988). Studies In Modem Arabic Prose And Poetry.
  136. (1958). Studies In The Arab Theatre And Cinema.
  137. (1979). Ta`ziyeh And Its Philosophy". Ta'ziyeh: Ritual And Drama In
  138. (1979). Ta`ziyeh: Indigenous Avant-Garde Theatre In Iran". Ta'ziyeh: Ritual And Drama In Iran.
  139. (1993). Ta'ziya". Encyclopaedia Of Islam. 9 Vols. I927; rpt.
  140. (1979). Ta'ziyeh From The Viewpoint Of Western Theatre". Ta'ziyeh: Ritual And Drama.
  141. (1966). Taj abo'Aras. 10 Vols. Beirut Dar Sadir,
  142. (1985). The Aesthetics Of Islam". Treasures Of Islam. London: Sotheby's I Philip Wilson Publishers,
  143. (1976). The Ancient Egyptians. doi
  144. (1991). The Anthropology Of Art. 2nd ed. Cambridge:
  145. (1953). The Arab Theatre". Middle East Affairs.
  146. (1949). The Arabesque: Meaning And Transformation Of An Ornamentation. Trans. Richard Ettinghausen. Austria: Verlag Fur Sammler,
  147. (1954). The Arabic Shadow Play In Medieval Egypt".
  148. The Arabic Theatre In Egypt".
  149. (1983). The Art Of Badi' az-Zaman al-Hamadhani As Picaresque Narrative. Beirut: doi
  150. (1976). The Art Of Islam. The Arts Council Of Great Britain.
  151. (1988). The Aspects Of Puppet Theatre. London: Puppet Centre Trust,
  152. (1985). The Bible Came From Arabia. doi
  153. (1988). The Cambridge Guide To World Theatre. Cambridge: doi
  154. (1974). The Complete Book Of Puppet Theatre.
  155. (1986). The Cultural Atlas Of Islam. doi
  156. The Development Of The Early Arabic Drama 1847-1900. doi
  157. (1987). The Field Of Drama: How The Signs Of Drama Create Meanings On Stage And Screen. doi
  158. (1973). The Formation Of Islamic Art. doi
  159. (1955). The History Of The English Puppet Theatre. 2nd ed., doi
  160. (1984). The Illustrations Of The Maqamat. Chicago: doi
  161. (1986). The Image And The Motif: Japanse Dolls. Japan:
  162. (1987). The Lion Of Egypt: Sulatn Baybars I And The Middle East doi
  163. (1976). The Man Made Setting". The World Of Islam:
  164. (1954). The Nang. Bangkok: The National Cultural Institute,
  165. (1969). The Puppet Theatre Of Asia. Cylon: Department Of Cultural Affairs,
  166. (1988). The Religious Origins Of The Animated Objects And Puppets In Black Africa". UNIMA Informations, Special: Afrique Noire En Marionnettes. Charleville-Mezieres,
  167. (1988). The Satanic Verses. doi
  168. (1987). The Shadow Play In The Light Of Arabic Literature". doi
  169. (1972). The Theatre In Asia. London: Weidenfeld And Nicolson, doi
  170. (1953). The Theatre In Egypt".
  171. (1929). The Theatre: Thousand Years Of Drama, Acting And Stagecraft. London: Longmans Green
  172. (1977). The Turkish Shadow Theatre And The Puppet Collection Of The L. A. Mayer Memorial Foudation. doi
  173. (1974). The Venture Of Islam: Conscience And History In A World Civilization. 3 Vols.
  174. (1990). The Voice Of The Puppet". The Language Of The Puppet. Washington: Pacific Puppetry
  175. (1972). The World Of Puppets. doi
  176. (1967). Theater In South East Asia. doi
  177. (1976). Theatre: Karagöz". doi
  178. (1978). Trablus Fi Al-Nisf Al-Awal Min Al-Qarn AI`Ishrin. Beirut: n. p.,
  179. (1977). Traditional And Folk Puppets Of The World.
  180. (1992). Trustees Of The "E.
  181. (1978). Ugla. AI-Siyasa Fi AI-Masrah. Damascus: Itihad al-Katib al `Arabi,
  182. (1975). UR-Drama: The Origins Of Theatre. doi
  183. (1968). World Theatre: An Illustrated History. London: Ebury Press, doi
  184. (1992). Yoruba Ritual: Perfonners, doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.