Location of Repository

Enacting Privacy and Everydayness online: The case study of the Spiteful Tots community

By Terri Chih-yin He

Abstract

This thesis focuses on an online Taiwanese community named the Spiteful Tots. The long-term participants are mainly gay men, with several lesbian women, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) and heterosexual people. The community, whilst accessible by anyone via a registered screen ID name, operates like a private club. As a part of this community from its beginning in 2000, I am interested in the community in this particular location, not least because of my own affiliation with Taiwan, but because of the cultural specificity of Taiwan as non-Western and yet Westernised. My research methodology is based on approaches inspired by ethnography. I observe the dynamics, participate in the community, collect data, and visit online and offline sites to formulate ideas in relation to both the inside and outside of the community. I use knowledge and experience gained from my interaction with the Spiteful Tots participants and with the wider Taiwanese society. I locate the community within the culture of contemporary Taiwan, utilising and critiquing previous literature on the politics of sexuality, gender theories, and critical analyses of heteronormativity. My findings are: a) the Spiteful Tots participants carefully negotiate ways of maintaining privacy within the group, and do not ‘come out’ in recognised LGBT ways; b) the Spiteful Tots community focuses on discussion of mundane everyday life, rather than on sexual politics. My findings have the following implications: a) privacy and everydayness enables the Spiteful Tots participants to assert 'freedom from scrutiny and created a zone of "relative insularity"' (Cohen 2000); b) a rejection to heteronormativity is enabled by (re)asserting the right of privacy and validating everyday life as a gay or queer subject, and c) therefore, there needs to be consideration and recognition of gay or queer subjects’ right of privacy, as well as academic and political attention to the representation of sexual minorities’ everydayness

Publisher: Centre for Women's Studies (York)
Year: 2008
OAI identifier: oai:etheses.whiterose.ac.uk:886

Suggested articles

Preview

Citations

  1. (2006). 18). Living online: The end of privacy? New Scientist, 2569. Retrieved August 29,
  2. (2009). A Response to Shani Orgad’. in doi
  3. (2002). A transnational feminist critique of queer tourism’, doi
  4. (2001). Ai de ziyoshi. (Lesbians like this and that).
  5. (1995). Alternative modernity: the technical turn in philosophy and social theory. Los Angeles: doi
  6. (2006). Analyzing online suicidal murmurs. Internet Research 7.0: Internet Convergences.
  7. (2003). Applied ethics in internet research.
  8. (1999). At the border of narrative and ethnography. doi
  9. (2000). At the Intersection of the Global and the Local: Representations of Male Homosexuality in Fictions by Pai Hsien-yung, Li Ang, Chu Tien-wen, and Chi Ta-wei’. Paper presented at the doi
  10. (2002). Baozhi zhong de Tongzhi: Shiwu Nien Lai Taiwan Tongxinglian Yiti Baodao de
  11. (2001). Becoming Japanese: Colonial Taiwan and the Politics of Identity Formation. London: doi
  12. (1993). Bodies That Matter: On Discursive Limits of Sex. doi
  13. (2003). Breaking the China-Taiwan Impasse. doi
  14. (1986). Building a Case for Claims about Discourse Structure’,
  15. (1993). Capitalism and Gay Identity’ in
  16. (2006). Celluloid Comrades: Representation of Male Homosexuality in Contemporary Chinese Cinemas. Honolulu: doi
  17. (2002). China's Sovereignty over the South China Sea Islands: A Historical Perspective’ in Chinese doi
  18. (2001). China’s Dilemma: The Taiwan issue. London and doi
  19. (2002). Christian Newspaper Tribune Opposes LGBT Civil Movement’,
  20. (2008). Cinderella or Little Mermaid?: transition stories and changing identities of foreign wives in Taiwan. Unpublished PhD thesis.
  21. (1994). Classics and Closets’ in The Women’s Review of Books. doi
  22. (1992). Coming Out as a Rite of Passage’.
  23. (2002). Confronting Modernity in the Cinemas of Taiwan and Mainland China. Cambridge: doi
  24. (2000). Cong Ku’er Kongjien dao Jiaoyu Kongjien. (From Queer Space to Educational Space).
  25. (2000). Contemporary Taiwanese Cultural Nationalism. London and doi
  26. (1993). Contested Closets.
  27. (1977). Creative Process in Gestalt Therapy.
  28. (2000). Critiques of Everyday Life: An Introduction. doi
  29. (2005). Cultural Translation and Queer Formations of Homosexual Discourses in Taiwan. Unpublished Master Thesis.
  30. (2001). Cyberplay: Communicating Online.
  31. (2007). Cyberqueer in Taiwan : An Attempt at Locating Histories of the Margins’
  32. (2001). Daizhe Caomao Daochu Lüxing: Xing/Bie, Quanli, Guojia (Wandering About in a Straw Hat: Gender,
  33. (2004). Dalu han waiji shiniang huan shen zi nu shyi yu xuexi nongli zhi tanjio’ (An exploration of the adapting and learning ability of children born to Chinese and South-east Asian mothers).
  34. (2009). Digital Media Ethics. doi
  35. (1996). Disquiet on the waterfront: Reflections on nos- talgia afld Utopia in the urban archetypes of festival market- places, doi
  36. (2003). Distant proximities: Dynamics beyond globalization. doi
  37. (2009). Do various notions of privacy influence decisions in qualitative internet research? In
  38. (2008). East Asian Sexualities: Modernity, gender and new sexual cultures.
  39. (1978). Economy and Society: An Outline of Interpretive Sociology, doi
  40. eds (2001). Gay and Lesbian Asia: culture, identity, community. doi
  41. (2006). Emergent Economies, Divergent Paths: 375 Economic organization and international trade in South Korea and Taiwan. Cambridge: doi
  42. (1990). Epistemology of the Closet. Los Angeles:
  43. (1999). Ethical and legal aspects of human subject research in cyberspace’. Paper presented at the American Association for the Advancement of Science workshop,
  44. (2003). Ethical and methodological challenges in research on net-mediated communication in a Norwegian research context.
  45. (2002). Ethical Guidelines for
  46. (2002). Everyday (Virtual) Life’. New Literary History. doi
  47. (1971). Everyday Life in the Modern World, tr. Sacha Rabinovich.
  48. (2000). Examined Lives: informational privacy and the subject as object’. doi
  49. (2002). Extending Queer Theory to Race and Ethnicity’. Chronicle of Higher Education.
  50. (1994). Extraordinary Homosexuals and the Fear of Being Ordinary,” in Differences, special issue on the relationship between feminist and queer theory 6.2+3:
  51. (1994). Flame wars: The discourse of cyberculture. doi
  52. (1993). Flame Wars’. South Atlantic Quarterly (Fall):
  53. (1996). Four lectures on technique and modernity (unpublished manuscript). Paris: Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales.
  54. (1999). From City Space to Cyberspace’.
  55. (2002). From liberation to transgression and beyond: gay, lesbian and queer studies at the turn of the twenty-first century’. doi
  56. (1994). Gay and Lesbian Studies: Yet another unhappy marriage’.
  57. (1983). Gay Politics, Gay Communities: the San Francisco Experience’. Socialist Review 55:77-104.
  58. (1993). Gender is Burning: Questions of Appropriation and Subversion’ in Bodies That Matter: On Discursive Limits of Sex.
  59. (2006). Global Cinderellas: migrant domestics and newly rich employers in Taiwan. Durham and London: doi
  60. (2004). Globalization and the ‘Foreign Brides’: Structures and Resistance’, presented at Annual Meeting of American Sociological Association,
  61. (2004). Go away”: participant objections to being studied and the ethics of chatroom research’. doi
  62. (1997). Hou zhimin tongzhi (Postcolonial tongzhi). Hong Kong: Xianggang tongzhi yanjiushe.
  63. (2009). How can qualitative internet researchers define the boundaries of their projects?’ in
  64. (2000). How to get a PhD: A handbook for students and their supervisors (3 rd ed). Philadelphia:
  65. (1997). I Flamed Freud: A Case Study in Teletextual Incendiarism’. In
  66. (1999). Identity and deception in the virtual community. In
  67. (1991). Imitation and Gender Insubordination’.
  68. (1988). In the age of the smart machine: the future of work and power. doi
  69. (2009). Information-seeking practices during the sexual development of lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals: The influence and effects of coming out in a mediated environment’ in Sexuality and doi
  70. (1977). Instructions Paiennes.
  71. (2002). Introduction to the Special Issue: Queer Webs:
  72. (1998). Introduction: On Chineseness as a Theoretical Problem”. doi
  73. (2007). Introduction: progress and representation’
  74. (2001). Jiayu zhengjio de shenji yu xinbie chayi (The differences in ethinicty and gender in regards of Educational levels).
  75. (1997). Kanjian Tongxinglian (Watching Homosexuality) Taipei: kaixin Yangguang.
  76. (1994). Kashanzhuola de Kuoqiang yu Gaochao (Kashanzhuola’s Mouth and
  77. (2005). Lao Ti Banjia: Quanqiuhua Zhuangtai xia de Ku’er Wenhua Gongming Shenfen Chutan.” Taiwan: A Radical Quarterly in Social Studies.
  78. (1995). Legislating Privacy: Technology, Social Values, and Public Policy. North Carolina: doi
  79. (2002). Lianshen Wenhua (The Culture of Online). Chiayi:
  80. (1998). Life On-line: Researching real experience in virtual space. Walnut Creek, Calif.:
  81. (1999). Making meaning of virtual region: Methodological and ethical concerns’. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for the Scientific Study of Religion, and the Religious Research Association,
  82. (2000). Male homosexuality in modern Japan: Cultural Myths and Social Realities. Richmond: doi
  83. (1982). Margins of Philososphy.
  84. (2005). Microsoft bans ‘democracy’ for China web users.”
  85. (2008). Mingzhu shehui juhe keneng?’ (How is Democratic Society Possible?) in SiXiang (Thoughts).
  86. (2004). Ministry of Economic Affairs in Taiwan.
  87. (2000). Minority Group Interests and Political Representation: Gay Elected Officials in the Policy Process’. doi
  88. (1996). Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization. doi
  89. (1990). MSN groups. Available at Accessed 25 August Woo,
  90. (1993). My best informant’s dress’. doi
  91. (1997). Nu’er Quan: Taiwan Nütongzhi de Xibie, Qiating yu Quannei shenghuo. (Daughters’ Circle: Lesbians’ Gender, Family and Life in the Circle) Taipei: Fembooks.
  92. (2005). On Becoming Disabled and Articulating Alternatives: the multiple modes of ordering disability and their interferences’ in Cultural Studies. doi
  93. (2000). On not Coming Out: or, Reimagining Limits’. In
  94. (2005). Online communication: linking technology, identity and culture. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  95. (2007). Online suicidal murmurs : analyzing self-destructive discourses in the blogosphere. Unpublished MA Thesis.
  96. (1999). Other Modernities: Gendered Yearnings in China after Socialism. Berkeley and Los Angeles: doi
  97. (2002). Out in the Academy: Heterosexism, Invisibility, and Double Consciousness’ in College English Special Issue: Lesbian and Gay Studies/Queer Pedagogies. doi
  98. (2001). Postcolonial, Queer: theoretical intersections. doi
  99. (1997). Pots and Pans: Identification of Queer Japanese
  100. (1967). Privacy and Freedom. doi
  101. (2004). Privacy as Contextual Integrity’ doi
  102. (2003). Private explanatory systems and informed consent online: an ethical and methodological discussion.
  103. (2000). Profit and Pleasure: sexual identities in late capitalism. doi
  104. (1999). Prolegomena for a sociological study of the Chinese gamily in indigenous terms’. doi
  105. (1995). Public Records—Access, Privacy, and Public Policy: a discussion paper’ doi
  106. (2007). Publicly Private and Privately Public: social networking on YouTube. doi
  107. (2002). Queer Globalization: Citizenship And The Afterlife Of Colonialism.
  108. (2007). Queer Popular Culture: Literature, media, film and television. doi
  109. (2005). Queer That Matters in Taiwan: yi fangyi zao jio de taiwan ku’er’ (Queer That Matters in Taiwan: Taiwan ku’er via translation).
  110. (2000). Queer’n’Asian on- and off- the Net: the Role of Cyberspace in Queer Taiwan and Korea.” in Web Studies: Rewiring media studies for the digital doi
  111. (2005). Queer(ing) Taiwan and its Future: From an Agenda of Mainstream Self-Enlightenment to One of Sexual Citizenship?’ Paper presented
  112. (2000). Queering the Color Line: race and the Intervention of Homosexuality in American Culture. doi
  113. (2005). Queering tourism: paradoxical performances at gay pride parades. doi
  114. (1999). Questioning technology. doi
  115. (2006). Race, ethnicity, gender, and generational factors associated with the coming-out process among gay, lesbian, and bisexual individuals. doi
  116. (2003). Religion and the Formation of Taiwanese Identities. doi
  117. (2004). Representations of gayness: A Case Study of Spiteful Tots as an Online Community in Taiwan. Linköping: Linköping Universitet,
  118. (2007). Research Ethics and the Internet: negotiating Canada’s tri-council policy statement. Black Point,
  119. (2002). Research ethics in internet-enabled research: human subjects issues and methodological myopia.
  120. (1976). Resistance Through Rituals: Youth Subcultures in Post-war Britain. doi
  121. (1997). Routes: Travel and Translation in the Late Twentieth Century. doi
  122. (1995). Saint Foucault: towards a gay hagiography. doi
  123. (2002). Saodung luoyi de xugo shangpin: laoguo luoyi zhuangti daodu’ (The unquiet migration of fictive commodity: an introduction to labour migration). Taiwan: a radical quarterly in social studies. 48,
  124. (2007). Sex Work and Modernity’
  125. (2000). Sexualities, Queer Theory and Qualitative Research’. In doi
  126. (1999). Sexuality and the Internet: Surfing into doi
  127. (2005). Shame and White Gay Masculinity’, doi
  128. (1998). She me shi ku’er’ (What is Queer?). Gender and Sexuality.
  129. (2004). Shenti Zhengzh yu Meiti Pipang. (Body Politics and Media Criticism). Zhungli: The Centre for Studies of Sexualities.
  130. (2000). Shenzhang yüwang zi yi—wanglu kongjieng qinyü dijing’ (Stretching the wings of desire— the sexual landscape of cyberspace) in
  131. (2003). Shqienshi de zaidi shqien: yi “waiji xinniang shziban weili”’ (The 378 localization of praxis-oriented research: the case of ‘foreign brides literacy programs’). Taiwan: a radical quarterly in social studies. 49,
  132. (1997). Shuxie zhong de xienshen zhenzi—jiauling niendai tongzhi yanshuo zhanchang de lioubien’. (Coming-out Politics in Writing: Changes in the battlefields of tongzhi writing in the 1990s) United Literature.
  133. (1991). Situated Knowledges: The science question in feminism and the privilege of particle perspective.” in Simians, Cyborgs and Women: The re-invention of nature.
  134. (2001). Smith (eds.) Exploring clinical methods for social research. 383
  135. (2004). Society online: The internet in context. Thousand Oaks, London and
  136. (1979). Subculture: the meaning of style. doi
  137. (1999). Subject of Desire: Reflections in Twentieth-Century France. doi
  138. (1995). Taboo: Sex, identity, and erotic subjectivity 380 in anthropological fieldwork. doi
  139. (1995). Taida Nütongxinglian Wenhua Yanjiushe (Lambda)
  140. (2007). Taipei LGBT Civil Right Movement Festival as a Social Movement. Unpublished Master diss.
  141. (2006). Taiwan adapts to the network society’,
  142. (1997). Taiwan and Chinese Nationalism: National identity and status in international society. London and doi
  143. (1993). Taiwan kunghekuo xienfa caoen’. (Draft of Taiwan Republic Constitution). Taipei: WUFI [http://www.wufi.org.tw/koh/conssho.htm, last accessed
  144. (1998). Taiwan Queer Valentines." Trajectories: Inter-Asia Cultural Studies. Ed. Kuan-hsing Chen.
  145. (2005). Taiwan shinbien jenchuo shienhui. Available at events/events_post.php?pdata_id=57>.
  146. (2003). Taiwan Tongzhi Rexian (Taiwan Tongzhi Hotline).
  147. (2001). Taiwan tongzhi yanjiu de huigu yu zhanwang’ (A review and a prospect of tongzhi studies in Taiwan)
  148. (2000). Taiwan yudong de huozimin skuao: lun xienshen wenti. (The Postcolonial Thinking of Tongzhi Movement in Taiwan: On Coming Out)
  149. (2003). Taiwan: A Political History. doi
  150. (2003). Taiwan: Nation-State or Province? 4 th ed.
  151. (2002). Taiwan's "Mainlanders", New Taiwanese?" doi
  152. (1998). Taiwan’s Technological Future: The Impact of Globalization and Regionalization”. Contemporary Taiwan. doi
  153. (1988). Technology Transfer and National Autonomy’. Contending Approaches to the Political Economy of Taiwan.
  154. (2009). That Global Feeling: sexual subjectivities and imagined geographies in Chinese-speaking-language lesbian cyberspace’. In
  155. (1993). The ‘magic of the mall’: an analysis of the form, function, and meaning in the contemporary retail built environment, doi
  156. (2005). the average gay next door’. (2004, 05 November). The Taipei Times. Available at < http://www.Taipeitimes.com/News/feat/archives /2004/11/05/2003209807>.
  157. (2007). The Brass Check and Thomas
  158. (2000). The Case of Taiwan’
  159. (1991). The critical theory of technology. doi
  160. (1991). The Critique of Everyday Life, doi
  161. (2003). The Crocodile Unmasked: Towards a Theory of Xianshen’ Nu Xue Xue Zi (The journal of Women’s and
  162. (1995). The emergence of community in computer-mediated communication. doi
  163. (2003). The Emerging Lesbian: Female Same-sex Desire in Modern China. Chicago: doi
  164. (2008). The ethics of digital writing research: A rhetorical approach.
  165. (1987). The Everyday World as Problematic: A Feminist Sociology. doi
  166. (2005). The Financial Times Limited. Available at d07011b8-d9d6-11d9-b071-00000e2511c8.html>
  167. (2005). The Gay Archipelago: sexuality and nation in Indonesia. doi
  168. (2006). The High Cost of Excluding Taiwan from the WHO’,
  169. (2000). The Internet: An ethnographic approach. doi
  170. (1953). The Kinsey Reports: Sexual Behavior in the Human Female. doi
  171. (1948). The Kinsey Reports: Sexual Behavior in the Human Male. doi
  172. (1997). The Kuomintang and the Democratization of Taiwan. doi
  173. (1997). The machine at work: technology, work and organization, doi
  174. (1963). The Making of the English Working Class. doi
  175. (2004). The Organisation of 2004 Pride Parade in Taiwan. Available at
  176. (1959). The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. doi
  177. (2003). The Resistance of Theory; or, The Worth of Agony.’ Just Being Difficult? Academic Writing in the Public Arena.
  178. (1987). The social construction of facts and artefacts. doi
  179. (1989). The Sublime Object of Ideology. doi
  180. (1992). The Symbolic Strategies of Chicago's Gay and Lesbian Pride Day Parade.
  181. (1998). The Taiwan Economy: The Transition to Maturity and the Political Economy of Its Changing International Status”. Contemporary Taiwan. doi
  182. (1957). The Uses of Literacy: Aspects of Working Class Life. London: Chatto and Windus. doi
  183. (1999). The Uses of Television. doi
  184. (1998). Tian zheme hei feng zheme da baba zenme hai bu huijia?—wuguan “tongzhi yexing quan”’ (the Wind’s So Fierce and the Sky’s So 381 Black, How Come Daddy’s Still not Home?—Nothing to Do With ‘Tongzh’s Right to Walk Out at Night’). Tugou (Together)
  185. (1994). Tilting the Tower.
  186. (2001). Tongzhi gongzuofang (2001). Available at http://www.fgu.edu.tw/~literary/wc-literature/drafts/Taiwan/gu-min-yao/gu-minyao_01.htm >.
  187. (2000). Tongzhi: Politics of Same-Sex Eroticisms in Chinese Societies. doi
  188. (1992). Travelling cultures. In
  189. (2008). Undercurrents: Queer Culture and Postcolonial Hong Kong. Vancouver: doi
  190. (2005). United States Patent and Trademark Office. doi
  191. (2005). Using empirical data to reason about 379 internet research ethics’. doi
  192. (1992). Variations on a Theme Park. doi
  193. (2000). Virtual Ethnography. Thousand Oaks,
  194. (1994). Virtual Geography: Living with global media events. Bloomington and Indianapolis: doi
  195. (2005). Virtual Methods. doi
  196. (2002). Virtual Society? Technology,
  197. (1988). Virtuous subjectivity: In the participant-observer’s I’s’. In
  198. (2007). Visibility as Paradox: Representation and Simultaneous Contrast’
  199. (2001). Waiji xinnian xienxiang zhi meiti qiengo’ (The media construction of the ‘Foreign Brides’ phenomenon). Taiwan: a radical quarterly in social studies. 43,
  200. (1996). What’s wrong with the “golden rule”? Conundrums of conducting ethical research in cyberspace’. doi
  201. (1993). When They Read What We Write: the Politics of ethnography. doi
  202. (2000). Where do you to go today? Cybernetic tourism, the internet and transnationality’,
  203. (2007). Why (not) Queer? Ambivalence about “Politics” and Queer Identification in an Online Community
  204. (2007). Why Taiwan?: Geostrategic Rationales for China's Territorial Integrity. doi
  205. (1991). Woman and Chinese Modernity: The Politics of Reading Between West and East. doi
  206. (2004). Women in the New Taiwan: Gender roles and gender consciousness in a changing society. Armonk, doi
  207. (2003). World Edition. “Taiwan holds its first gay parade”.
  208. (1993). Writing Diaspora: Tactics of Intervention in Contemporary Cultural 373 Studies. Bloomington and Indianapolis: doi
  209. (2008). xinbie shehui xue zai Taiwan: yien jio yu lilun de huigu’ (Sociology-based Gender Studies in Taiwan: the Review of research and theory)
  210. (2001). Xingyish, wenhua, yu zhengzhi jingjixue’ (Sexual Consciousness, Culture and Political economics).
  211. (2002). Yangqi Caihong Qi: Wuo de Tongzhi Yudong Qinyian 1990-2001(Raising the Rainbow Flag: My Experiences with Tongzhi Movements 1990-2001).
  212. (1997). Zai Gongsi Shangban: Xin Gongyuan Zuowei Nantongzhi Huodong Didian zhi Yanjiu’ (‘Work in Company: A Research of Usage of New Par by Male Tongzhi’) MA dissertation,
  213. (2000). Zbenhua yu guoji hunyin: yi Taiwan de waiji xinnian xienxiang weili’ (Transnational marriage and internationalization of capital-the case of the &quot;Foreign Bride&quot; phenomenon in Taiwan). Taiwan: a radical quarterly in social studies. 39,
  214. (2003). Zhungli: The Centre for Studies of Sexualities.

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.