Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository


By William Gourley


The thesis is a theory-led conceptual account of organisational change at the interface of further and higher education in England over the period 1988 to 2008. It is focused on colleges in the further education sector that provide courses of higher education overseen by a separate higher education sector. The study is concerned with the role and function of boundary organisations and the nature of the exchanges and boundary work that take place between the two sectors. It draws upon theories from political science, economic sociology and the work of anthropologist Mary Douglas to analyse these cross-sector transactions. In part one of the thesis, the context for the research is outlined and the rationale for a conceptual approach is explained. In part two, an analytical framework is developed to conceptualise the dynamics of boundary provision together with processes of hybridisation. In part three, an assessment is made of the contribution of theory to an understanding of policy and institutional change, including the goal of widening participation

Publisher: School of Education (Sheffield)
Year: 2009
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. 2 nd ed (2005) The Handbook of Economic Sociology. doi
  2. (1989). A Guide to Mary Douglas's Three Versions of Grid/Group Theory. doi
  3. (2006). A Higher Education Ethos – A Review of Information and Literature relating to the creation of an Ethos of
  4. (2004). A method for applying cultural theory in the study of organizations. Innovation: doi
  5. (2002). A Pragmatic View of Knowledge and Boundaries: Boundary Objects in New Product Development. Organization Science, doi
  6. (1991). A public management for all seasons?”. doi
  7. (2005). A question of autonomy: Bourdieu’s field approach and higher education policy. doi
  8. (1993). A Status-Based Model of Market Competition. doi
  9. (2007). A Study of Continuity and Change in Higher Education A Festschrift in Honour of Maurice Kogan.
  10. (1997). Academic Capitalism: Politics, Policies and the Entrepreneurial University. Johns Hopkins
  11. (1998). Accounting for the Audit Commission: An Assessment of the Contribution of the Audit Commission to Educational Change. doi
  12. (1992). An invitation to reflexive sociology. doi
  13. (1993). Applications of case study research.
  14. (2004). Approaches to Ethics Management in the Public Sector A Proposed Extension of the Compliance-Integrity Continuum Public Integrity,
  15. (1995). Aspects of HE/FE collaborative links in Scotland. Higher Education Quality Council:
  16. (2003). Aspects of Public Sector Management: A Case Study doi
  17. (2002). Beyond the Market: The Social Foundations of Economic Efficiency. doi
  18. (2004). Boundaries in the Study of Organizations, doi
  19. (1995). Boundaries of science” doi
  20. (2001). Boundary organisations in environmental policy and science: an introduction”, doi
  21. (1983). Boundary-work and the demarcation of science from nonscience: strains and interests in professional ideologies of scientists," doi
  22. (1991). Bringing Society Back in: Symbols, Practices, and Institutional Contradictions.
  23. (1989). Building Theories From Case Study Research Academy of Management. The Academy of Management Review; doi
  24. (1999). By appointment: governance, markets and managerialism in further education”, doi
  25. (2001). Captured by the discourse? The socially consitutive power of new higher education discourse in the UK", doi
  26. (1993). Case study methods.
  27. (1994). Case study research: doi
  28. (1989). Case Study Research: design and methods . doi
  29. (1984). Case study research: Design and methods (1st ed).
  30. (1989). Case study research: Design and methods (rev.
  31. (2009). Challenging Boundaries: Managing Integration of Post-secondary Education. doi
  32. (2004). Changes in the field – changing the field: Bourdieu and the methodological practice of educational research doi
  33. (1982). Cheats at Work. London: Allen and Unwin. doi
  34. (1987). Choosing Preferences by Constructing Institutions: A Cultural Theory of Preference Formation. doi
  35. (2002). Closer by Degrees - the past, present and future of higher education in further education colleges.
  36. (2006). Clumsy solutions for a complex world: Governance, politics and plural perceptions. doi
  37. (1996). Co-opetition. doi
  38. (1998). Collaborative provision : National Survey Report Further Education Funding Council FEFC (1999a) Franchising, fees and related matters. Circular 99/09. Further Education Funding Council.
  39. (1999). Cost of Franchising and Direct Provision. Further Education Funding Council.
  40. (1999). Costs of franchising and direct provision : executive summary of the report by KPMG, commissioned by the Further Education Funding Council Further Education Funding Council.
  41. Costs of higher education provision in further education colleges, Report 00/16, Higher Education Funding Council for doi
  42. (1999). Cultural Theory and Contemporary Management Organization. Human Relations. doi
  43. (1998). Cultural Theory and Organizations: Analytical Method and Cases. doi
  44. (1990). Cultural Theory. doi
  45. (1998). Developing a Culture and Infrastructure to Support Research- Related Activity in FE Institutions: a knowledge-based organisation perspective, doi
  46. (1973). Dilemmas in a General Theory of Planning. doi
  47. (2003). Dimensions of Difference higher education in the learning and skills sector.
  48. (2008). Diversification? Trends and explanations of the shape and size of higher education. doi
  49. (2008). Dual-sector further and higher education: policies, organisations and students in transition’, doi
  50. (2006). Dynamics of national and global competition in higher education. doi
  51. (1985). Economic Action and Social Structure: The Problem of Embeddedness. doi
  52. (2006). Editorial - Further and higher education: a seamless or differentiated future?, doi
  53. eds (2008). Unfinished business in widening participation: the end of the beginning. Learning Skills Network: Holborn.
  54. (1999). Education research and policy making in higher education: the case of Dearing. doi
  55. (1996). Educational Management and the Crisis of Reform in Further Education. doi
  56. (1976). Educational Organizations as Loosely Coupled Systems. doi
  57. (2002). Educational Studies beyond School. doi
  58. (1982). Essays in the Sociology of Perception. Routledge, doi
  59. (1999). FE and Lifelong Learning: Realigning the Sector for the
  60. (1994). FHE Partnerships and Quality: Towards a National Agenda.
  61. (2004). Fields and institutional strategy: Bourdieu on the relationship between higher education, inequality and society, doi
  62. (1993). Five Years of Franchising:
  63. (2000). For better or worse. The influence of franchising on learning. FEDA/FEFC
  64. (1992). Franchised Degree Teaching - What Can Educators Learn From Business? doi
  65. (1994). Franchising and Other Further Education/Higher Education Partnerships: The Student Experience and Policy,
  66. (1993). Franchising: the Quiet Revolution. doi
  67. (1996). Further and Higher Education Partnerships. The Future for Collaboration.
  68. (1997). Further education and the new managerialism”, doi
  69. (1999). Further Education Re-formed. doi
  70. FurtherHigher Project. Universal Access and Dual Regimes of Further and
  71. (1982). Giving the Grid/Group dimensions an operational definition in
  72. (2001). Globalisation, New Managerialism, Academic Capitalism and Entrepreneurialism in Universities: Is the Local Dimension Still Important? doi
  73. (2007). HE in FE Repository
  74. (2008). Higher and Further Education: The Significance of Sectors for Expansion, Differentiation and Participation in Undergraduate Education in England (Draft report for the Economic and Social Research Council).
  75. (1996). Higher Education in Further Education Colleges: A Future funding Approach. Reference M 3/96. Higher Education Funding Council for England.
  76. (1999). Higher education in further education colleges: Code of practice on indirectly funded partnerships. Report 99/37. Higher Education Council for England.
  77. (1999). Higher education in further education colleges: Code of practice on indirectly funded partnerships. Report 99/63. Higher Education Council for England.
  78. (1995). Higher Education in Further Education Colleges: Funding the Relationship. Higher Education Council for England. doi
  79. (1999). Higher education in further education colleges: Guidance for colleges on funding options. Report 99/36. Higher Education Council for
  80. (2006). Higher education in further education colleges. Consultation on HEFCE policy. Higher Education Funding Council for doi
  81. (2000). Higher education in further education colleges. Draft code of practice for consortia, Report 00/02, Higher Education Funding Council for
  82. (1991). Higher education in further education colleges. Franchising and other forms of collaboration with polytechnics. A report by HM Inspectors, no 228/ 91, London, Department of Employment and Sciemce.
  83. (2007). Higher-ness or Further-ness. Classifying Higher Education in Further Education in England (HFE) at the Interface: Boundary Work, Boundary Objects and Boundary Spanning. Unpublished working paper,
  84. (1989). Hybrid Arrangements as Strategic Alliances: Theoretical Issues in Organizational Combinations, doi
  85. (2005). Implementation of New Public Management in Norwegian Universities. doi
  86. (1970). Institutional Change and American Economic Growth: A First Step Towards a Theory of Institutional Innovation. doi
  87. (2002). Institutional Contradictions, Praxis, and Institutional Change: A Dialectical Perspective. doi
  88. (2007). Institutional diversity in higher education: a cross-national and longitudinal analysis, doi
  89. (1989). Institutional ecology, 'translations' and boundary objects: amateurs and professionals doi
  90. (1977). Institutionalized Organizations: Formal Structure as Myth and Ceremony. doi
  91. (1995). Institutions and Organizations. Thousand Oaks. CA: Sage Publication. doi
  92. (1990). Institutions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance. doi
  93. (2000). Is the emperor in his underwear? An analysis of the impacts of public management reform”, doi
  94. (1996). Isomorphism in higher education? Towards a theory of differentiation and Diversity in higher education systems,
  95. (1957). Leadership in Administration. doi
  96. (1995). Learning from Collaborative Audit. An Interim Report. Higher Education Quality Council:
  97. (2006). Learning from higher education in further education colleges in England 2003-05. Gloucester: Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education.
  98. (2004). Learning from higher education in further education colleges in England, Gloucester. Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education.
  99. (1999). Making ends meet, in the household and on the planet. doi
  100. (2001). Making Markets. Opportunities and Restraints on Wall Street. London :
  101. (2005). Management as Ideology: The Case of 'New Managerialism' doi
  102. (1997). Managerialism and professionalism in the Cinderella service”, doi
  103. (1993). Managerialism and the Public Services. (2nd ed).
  104. (2006). Managing Higher Education Colleges.
  105. (1995). Managing quality assurance at the FE/HE interface. FEDA,
  106. (1975). Markets and Hierarchies: Analysis and Antitrust Implications, doi
  107. (1996). Markets as Politics. A Political-Cultural Approach to Markets. doi
  108. (2003). Mass Higher Education and the English: Wherein the Colleges? Higher Education Quarterly, doi
  109. (1998). Massification: A Challenge for Institutions of Higher Education", doi
  110. (1998). Max Weber and the Idea of Economic Sociology. doi
  111. (1970). Natural Symbols. doi
  112. (2005). Neoliberalism, higher education and the knowledge economy: from the free market to knowledge capitalism. doi
  113. (1998). New managerialism in higher education – The management of performances and cultures in university, doi
  114. (2002). Non-prescribed higher education: where does it fit? London: Learning and Skills Development Agency.
  115. (1985). Obtaining Better Value from Further
  116. (2009). On the Margins or Moving into the Mainstream? doi
  117. (2008). Organisational Studies in the FurtherHigher Project Working Paper Four. A study funded by the ESRC through its Teaching and Learning Research Programme
  118. (2004). Organizational Boundaries and Theories of Organization. doi
  119. (1967). Organizations in action. doi
  120. (1991). Orienting Dispositions in the Perception of Risk: An Analysis of Contemporary Worldviews and Cultural Biases. doi
  121. (1977). Outline of a Theory of Practice. Cambridge: doi
  122. (1999). Participation and progression in mass higher education: policy and the FHE interface". doi
  123. (1996). Political Science and the Three New Institutionalisms. Political Studies, XLIV, doi
  124. (1974). Problems in the transition from elite to mass higher education, in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and development Policies for Higher Education
  125. (1973). Problems in the Transition from Mass to Elite Higher Education. doi
  126. (1972). Production, information costs and economic organisation. doi
  127. (2004). Public Administration Journal.
  128. (2000). Public Management Reform. A Comparative Analysis, doi
  129. (1995). Public Services and Market Mechanism: Competition, Contracting and the New Public Management, doi
  130. (1966). Purity and Danger. An Analysis of Concepts of Pollution doi
  131. (1993). Quality Assurance for Higher Education Franchising. doi
  132. (1991). Quasi-Markets for Education?
  133. (2005). Realising the Potential. A review of the future role of further education colleges.
  134. (1995). Redrawing the Boundaries. Further / Higher Education Partnerships. Final Report. Centre for Policy Studies in Education.
  135. (1970). Reflections on the transition from mass to universal higher education, doi
  136. (1992). Regarding Politics: Essays on Political Theory, Stability, doi
  137. (1992). Reinventing Government. doi
  138. (1985). Report of the steering committee for efficiency studies in universities. London: Committee for Vice Chancellors and Principals.
  139. (2000). report to the ESRC on research into Progression and Pathways in 16-25 Education and Training
  140. (2007). Responding to change: the management of further education colleges in England. doi
  141. (2003). Review of indirect funding agreements and arrangements between higher education institutions and further education colleges. Higher Education Funding Council for
  142. (2002). Scholarship is the word that dare not speak its name’ Lecturers’ experiences of teaching on a higher education programme in a further education college, doi
  143. (1987). Science in action: How to follow scientists and engineers through society. doi
  144. (1983). Separation of Ownership and Control", doi
  145. (1991). Situated learning. Cambridge, doi
  146. (1996). Sociology of Markets. doi
  147. (1993). Some aspects of higher education programmes in further education colleges. Higher Education Quality Council, doi
  148. (1999). Stabilizing the Boundary between US Politics and Science:: The Role of the Office of Technology Transfer as a Boundary Organization. doi
  149. (2007). Stratification in higher education: a comparative study. doi
  150. (1998). Study of the relative costs of HE provision in FE colleges and HE institutions. Report 98/57. Higher Education Council for England.
  151. (2004). Studying Composite Boundaries: A Framework for Analysis, Human Relations. doi
  152. (2009). Supporting higher education in further education colleges: Policy, practice and prospects. Higher Education Council for
  153. (1960). The ’Cooling-out Function’ in Higher Education," doi
  154. (1995). The art of case study research. Thousand Oaks,
  155. (1998). The art of the state. Culture, rhetoric and public management. Clarendon Press. doi
  156. (1997). The Audit Society. Rituals of Verification. Oxford: doi
  157. (2005). The Black Box Revisited; the Relevance of Theory-Driven Research in the Field of Higher Education Studies. doi
  158. (1993). The Business of Franchising. doi
  159. (1978). The Case Study Method in Social Inquiry. doi
  160. (2001). The Contradictory College: The Conflicting Origins, Impacts and Futures of the Community College. doi
  161. (2004). The Culture of the Now: barriers to research in FE.
  162. (1997). The Delivery of Further Education in a Higher Education Setting: A Case Study. Unpublished MA thesis
  163. (1989). The diverted dream: community colleges and the promise of educational opportunity doi
  164. (1985). The Economic Institution of Capitalism, doi
  165. (2004). The Economics of Hybrid Organizations. doi
  166. (1981). The Economics of Organization: The Transaction Cost Approach. doi
  167. (1997). The FE/HE interface : a UK perspective,
  168. (2003). The future of higher education, Cm 5735. London: Department for Education and Skills.
  169. (2005). The Handbook of Economic Sociology. doi
  170. (2005). The Higher Education Role of Further Education Colleges, In Foster,A. Realising the Potential. A review of the future role of further education colleges. (The Foster Review).
  171. (1990). The Idea of a higher Education. doi
  172. (1983). The iron cage revisited: institutional isomorphism and collective rationality in organization fields, doi
  173. (1997). The Managerial State. doi
  174. (1997). The National Committee of Inquiry into
  175. (1998). The nature of higher and further education sub-contractual partnerships, Report 98/ 58, Higher Education Funding Council for England :
  176. (1991). The New Institutionalism in Organizational Analysis. doi
  177. (1996). The New Public Management in Action. Oxford: doi
  178. (2002). The politics of governance in higher education: the case of the Research Assessment Exercises, doi
  179. (1997). The Polytechnic Experiment,
  180. (1992). The Sociology of Economic Life.
  181. (2008). The steering of higher education systems: a public management perspective. doi
  182. (1994). The Student Experience.
  183. (1959). The Theory of Public Finance. doi
  184. (1976). Theory of the Firm: Managerial Behavior, Agency Costs, and Ownership Structure, doi
  185. (2000). Through the looking glass. FE colleges, HE inspection systems, London, Further Education Development Agency.
  186. (2004). Towards a public administration theory on public sector ethics. A comparative study. Doctoraatsthesis facultiet Sociale Wettenschappen,
  187. (2002). Towards an uncertain politics of professionalism: teacher and nurse identities in flux’. doi
  188. (1994). Towards the Learning Society. doi
  189. (1984). Transaction Costs, Institutions, and Economic History”, doi
  190. (2000). Understanding Environmental Values: A Cultural Theory Approach. Environmental Values Seminar.
  191. (2004). Understanding governance and policy change
  192. (2005). Understanding Mass Higher Education. Comparative perspectives on access. doi
  193. (1998). What managerialists Forget: higher education credit frameworks and managerialist ideology. doi
  194. (1996). Why is research invisible in further education? doi
  195. (2008). Wicked problems, hybrid organizations, and ‘clumsy institutions’ at the further education and higher education interface. Unpublished working paper,
  196. (2008). Wicked Problems’. Harvard Business Review.
  197. (1954). Wildcat Strike. Harper and Row.

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.