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On a little known Indian Cobitid fish, Enobarbichthys\ud maculatus (Day)

By E G Silas

Abstract

IN 1867 Dr. Francis Day described a small loach from Madras as Platacanthus\ud maculatus, with a characteristic long dorsal fin composed of 30 rays. However, the\ud type of the genus Platacanthus Day (1865), namely, P. agrensis Day is a synonym of\ud Lepidocephalus thermalis (Valenciennes), which is characterised by a very short dorsal\ud fin with only 9 rays. This naturally restricted Platacanthus Day to the synonymy\ud oi Lepidocephalus Bleeker and hence Day (1870) proposed the generic name Jerdonia\ud to accommodate the second species Platacanthus maculatus, defining the genus as\ud ' Body elongated. Barbels eight, one rostral, two maxillary and one mandibular\ud pairs. A free bifurcated suborbital spine. Dorsal fin elongated (thirty rays). Internal\ud pectoral rays osseous. Origin of anal slightly posterior to the termination\ud of the dorsal.'\ud Unfortunately, the name Jerdonia is preoccupied in Malacology (Blandford,\ud 1861), and in Ornithology (Hume, 1870), a situation of which Day himself was\ud probably aware of, as in his monographic series on Indian Cyprinidae (Day, 1872 :\ud 179) in a foot-note under the genus Jerdonia there appears an editorial comment\ud that ' This name has been also applied in concology and Ornithology.' Hence,\ud in accordance with the Rules of Zoological Nomenclature, Whitley (1931) proposed\ud the name Enobarbichthys to replace Jerdonia Day, with Platacanthus maculatus\ud Day as the type, and thus far the genus is monotypic.\ud Besides Day's account of this loach based on a single specimen, nothing more\ud is known about it. Hence it is felt desirable to record here some additional data I\ud was able to gather by re-examining the holotype in the collection of the British\ud Museum (Natural History) in September 1956

Topics: Marine Biodiversity, Shark fisheries
Publisher: MBAI
Year: 1960
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.cmfri.org.in:988

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