Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

How a microfinance network could have preempted the Syrian uprising

By Omar Imady

Abstract

Issue title: tribes & neighborhoods: the dynamics of subtletyThe story shared below sheds light on a hitherto unknown prelude to the Syrian Uprising of March 2011. It is a story of a microfinance network of sanadiq, or village funds, that was first established in an area known as Jabal al-Hoss, southeast of Aleppo, and was eventually disseminated throughout rural Syria. The story begins in 1996, when Syria hosted its first conference on poverty, and it ends in 2009, after the Syrian government shut down the sanadiq established at Jabal al- Hoss. For a brief period of time, over 7,000 inhabitants of Jabal al-Hoss were directly involved in an institutional setup, which empowered them politically and financially, and which constituted a model that was emulated not only in other parts of Syria, but in Lebanon and Jordan as well. In attacking and eventually dismantling this network, the Syrian government inadvertently lost an important opportunity to deflate the sense of political and economic marginalization of Syria’s rural inhabitants, which eventually found expression in the Arab spring.Publisher PD

Topics: DS92.S9, Syria, Syria--History--21st century, Syria--Politics and government
Publisher: Centre for Syrian Studies, School of International Relations, University of St Andrews
Year: 2014
OAI identifier: oai:research-repository.st-andrews.ac.uk:10023/7222
Journal:

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (2005). 2; henceforth TechnicalReview/Evaluation.
  2. (2005). 24% nisbat al-murabaha sanwayan fi Jabal al-huss - I’fa‘ mudir al-mashru’ litadani al-nata‘ij,” (24% the rate of Profit Sharing in Jabal al-Hoss - Relieving the Project Director because of decreased results),
  3. (1998). 3-5, Unpublished Project Document; henceforth CDAJH1.
  4. (2002). 6; & Hans Dieter Seibel, “Session 6 Member based Microfinance Institutions:
  5. Agricultural Resources Management Project Interim
  6. (2003). Agriculture and Agrarian Reform
  7. (1999). also the highly informative Hanna Batatu, Syria's Peasantry, the Descendants of Its Lesser Rural Notables, and Their Politics (Princeton:
  8. (2004). and Deena Burjorjee and Judith Brandsma with Mohamed Nasr,
  9. (2011). At defiant march, Syrians shout 'No more fear!'
  10. Community Development at Jabal al-Hoss II,” Unpublished Project Document,
  11. Contextualizing the Syrian Uprising
  12. (2012). Contextualizing the Syrian Uprising ncy_21June2012.pdf [accessed
  13. (2000). Database of the socioeconomic study of the area of Jabal al Hoss from the Rural Community Development Project (RCDP),
  14. (2012). For a historical perspective, see Omar Imady, The Rise and Fall of Muslim Civil Society,
  15. How a Microfinance Network Could Have Preempted the Syrian Uprising
  16. (1997). http://www.hurights.or.jp/archives/focus/section2/1998/06/freedom-frompoverty-a-fundamental-human-right.html [accessed October 1, 2012]. See also, UNDP, “Origins of the Human Development Approach,”
  17. (1972). Imady: Minister of Planning
  18. (2011). limadha tajamad wa tahararat al-rastan?” (Manaf Tlas, why was he suspended and why was al-rastan liberated?), al-mundasah asuriah,
  19. (1972). Minister of Economy and Foreign Trade
  20. (2011). muhammad salman wazir I’lam hafez asad,” (Muhammad Salamn, Minister of Information During the Rein of Hafez alAssad),
  21. (2005). News, “Ada‘ mu‘sasati bi=imtiyaz,” (Ideal Institutional Performance),
  22. (2007). On Associations in Syria, see Human Rights Watch, No Room to Breathe: State Repression of Human Rights Activism
  23. On Syria’s popular organizations under the Baath, see:
  24. On the Muslim Brotherhood Uprising of the 1980s, see Patrick Seale, Asad, and the Struggle for the Middle East.
  25. (1991). On the often ironic relationship between Syria’s Baath regime and the bourgeois, see Volker Perthes, “The Bourgeoisie and the Baath, A Look at Syria's Upper Class,” Middle East Research and Information Project,
  26. (2012). R-26-REV-1.pdf [accessed October 1, 2012]. See also: IFAD, “Sanduq: A Rural Microfinance Innovation
  27. (2003). Sanduq: A Microfinance Innivation in Jabal al-Hoss,
  28. Scalling-up in NEN,” PowerPoint Presentation,
  29. See for example: IFAD, “Rural Finance and the Visit to the IRDP,” http://www.ifad.org/rainfedag/microfinance/irdp.htm [accessed
  30. See for example: Mua’yad Iskayif, “al-Rif al-suri yaghzu al-madinah?/” (Syrian Rural Areas Invade Urban Syria?/),
  31. (2012). See specifically ‘Article 3.’ See also UNDP,
  32. (2008). see: International Finance Corporation – World Bank Group, “Syria Microfinance Market Assessment Final Report,”
  33. (2012). slide 3, http://www.slideshare.net/ifad/nen-scaling-up-ex [accessed
  34. (2011). Syria crisis: UN report condemns crackdown on protests,”
  35. (2008). Syria: Jebel Al-Hoss Agricultural Development Project - Project Completion Digests –
  36. (2002). The following section on the ACB is based on indicators found in: Hans Dieter Seibel, Annina
  37. (2007). The Hama Massacre – Reasons, Supporters of the Rebellion, Consequences, Munchen,
  38. The Malaysian organization produced the report MicrofinanceAssessment referenced above,
  39. (2005). The report can be found in:
  40. (2012). The Republic of Lebanon: Smallholder Livestock Rehabilitation Project,” http://www.ifad.org/evaluation/public_html/eksyst/doc/prj/region/pn/lebano n/lb_305.htm [accessed

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.