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    Film festivalisation : the rise of the film festival in the UK's postindustrial cities

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    This study presents an examination of three diverse film festivals that are based in postindustrial cities in the UK. It takes the view that all film festivals are intrinsically bound to and affected by their host location. The research is particularly concerned with how film festivals help to create eventful cities, an all important objective within the postindustrial era. By examining Glasgow Film Festival (GFF), Flatpack Festival (Flatpack) in Birmingham and Sheffield International Documentary Film Festival (Doc/Fest) the study presents a perspective on each festival that links their programming strategies and modus operandi to the specificities of their respective city’s postindustrial milieu. The thesis poses the following question: What are the prevalent characteristics that define film festivals located in postindustrial cities and conversely how does the postindustrial environment contribute to the realisation of each festival? It considers these questions by examining interlinking strategies that relate to programming, place-making and spatial materialisation. The research contributes to the growing field of film festival studies by being the first of its kind to present an in-depth comparative analysis of film festivals established in UK cities. As such the study offers an insight into the broader development of the film-festivalscape in the context of the UK during the most recent phase of its development. Empirical evidence of each festival’s strategic approach is provided through case study methodology including participant observation, semi-structured interviews and archival research that examines how each festival came into being, formulated its identity and achieved sustainability. The study maintains that these particular film festivals provide an apt articulation of the experience economy through a marked turn towards non-theatrical programming practices and alternative use of spatial materialisation that has elevated the context of viewing to being a defining differentiator of the festivals in postindustrial cities

    A sperm whale cautionary tale about estimating acoustic cue rates for deep divers

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    Funding: This research was conducted under the ACCURATE project, funded by the U.S. Navy Living Marine Resources program (Contract No. N3943019C2176). T.A.M. and C.S.M. thank partial support by CEAUL (funded by FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, Portugal, through the project UIDB/00006/2020).Passive acoustic density estimation has been gaining traction in recent years. Cue counting uses detected acoustic cues to estimate animal abundance. A cue rate, the number of acoustic cues produced per animal per unit time, is required to convert cue density into animal density. Cue rate information can be obtained from animal borne acoustic tags. For deep divers, like beaked whales, data have been analyzed considering deep dive cycles as a natural sampling unit, based on either weighted averages or generalized estimating equations. Using a sperm whale DTAG (sound-and-orientation recording tag) example we compare different approaches of estimating cue rate from acoustic tags illustrating that both approaches used before might introduce biases and suggest that the natural unit of analysis should be the whole duration of the tag itself.Peer reviewe

    Iranian foreign policy and legitimation : an examination of Iranian nuclear deal and interventions in Iraq and Syria

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    Women as book producers : the case of Nuremberg

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    This thesis explores the multifaceted roles in which women participated in the early modern book trade. Focusing on Nuremberg, home to many successful bookwomen, it examines how they crafted work identities and exercised agency in the printing trades, emphasizing the centrality of the family unit. This thesis reveals that not only were women involved in the book trade more frequently than hitherto acknowledged but that their participation was varied and often invisible. Locality is key to understanding the multitude of factors that both promoted and restricted women’s work. The thesis begins by reconstructing the Nuremberg print trade, looking at the local market, censorship, and patron demands that shaped it. These considerations dictated the occupational experiences and business practises of the bookmen and bookwomen working in the trade. Chapter two explores the specific gendered and legal realities women faced while engaged in this trade. Regional marriage customs, inheritance law and guild organizations defined women’s rights to property, work and legal sovereignty. The second half of the thesis presents two case studies. Drawing on a previously unexamined collection of archival sources, the first study explores the sixteenth-century careers of Katherine Gerlachin and Catherine Dietrichin, and how they actively forged work identities separate to that of wife or widow. The second case, from the seventeenth century, inspects the Endter family business, revealing that, even when not listed on imprints, women served crucial roles in larger familial enterprises. Taken together, these chapters demonstrate that women’s work can only be fully revealed by understanding that the early modern book trade was composed of family units in which women operated as vital members. As mother, wife and daughter, women took on the jobs of craftsmen, office managers, business leaders, shareholders, investors, or a combination of these tasks to play major roles in their familial businesses."This work was supported by the generous University of St Andrews St Leonard’s Scholarship, the Universal Short Title Catalogue Scholarship and the Printing Historical Society." -- Fundin

    Efficient resonant fast-Alfvén wave coupling as a minimization principle

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    Funding: Science and Technology Facilities Council - ST/W001195/1.The resonant coupling of the fast magnetosonic wave to the Alfvén wave is considered in the ideal magnetohydrodynamic limit in a 3D equilibrium. It has previously been shown that the most efficient coupling occurs on particular paths that satisfy the “tangential alignment condition” (Wright et al., 2022, https://doi.org/10.1029/2022ja030294). In this article we show how this criterion is equivalent to a minimization principle which may lead to a deeper understanding of the physics of the wave coupling process.Publisher PDFPeer reviewe

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    Four monuments and a funeral : established pathological mourning and collective memory in contemporary Hungary

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    In this chapter, I suggest that the rhetoric of the Hungarian far right largely resembles what Vamik Volkan has called Established Pathological Mourning. In such circumstances, mourning becomes extended, whereby an individual – or in the present case, a collective – cannot adaptively work through the loss of a loved object. Mourning rituals are extended, whereby the repetition of mourning is an attempt to ‘keep alive’ the lost object. Rather than being a recognition of loss, these complicated mourning rituals forestall the work of living on without the lost object. I suggest that, similar to the re-grief therapy that Volkan promotes, collective cultural mourning may offer an adaptive way forward in working through the issues of loss and control for a larger segment of a society.Postprin

    Helping students see eye to eye : diversifying teaching of sensation and perception in higher education

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    For the purpose of open access, the corresponding author has applied a Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) licence to any Accepted Author Manuscript version arising.There is current interest in diversifying teaching curricula across university teaching. Psychology, whose research has historically been performed by Western men on particular participant groups, is addressing this challenge too. One of its sub-branches, Sensation and Perception, which focuses on the study of purportedly universal phenomena, is often considered challenging to diversify. Current challenges include both diversity of the topics and teaching tools/materials as well as the diversity that characterises both the student and the teacher populations. We start by describing the diversity present in student and teacher groups, with a UK focus, and review literature showing how inclusive and diverse teaching materials can impact participation and engagement of diverse student groups. We briefly discuss how research can be biased by those asking the research questions and we offer examples of research in sensation and perception that considers differences between participant groups with different characteristics (including gender, ethnicity, disability, culture). Finally, we suggest where one can access resources that can be used to diversify Sensation and Perception teaching, from popular textbooks that cover relevant topics, to activities to include students in the process of exploring diversity in perception research. In this section, we also suggest specific research topics where diversity features in perception, demonstrating inclusive methods and content to engage teachers and students in the process of diversifying the teaching of sensation and perception.Publisher PDFPeer reviewe

    A true crime story : the role of space, time, and identity in narrating criminal authority

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    This article presents a theoretical and methodological argument for employing a narrative-based approach to explore criminal organisations’ (COs) claims to political authority, accompanied by an empirical example. International Relations scholarship is increasingly interested in the role narratives play in political meaning-making processes, with violent non-state actors (VNSAs) beginning to occupy a central space in such investigations. This work has contributed important insights into how VNSAs, such as terrorists and insurgents, mobilise narratives to challenge state authority. However, this literature still needs to take stock of groups that do not directly challenge the state but rather live within it. Drawing on Mikhail Bakhtin’s literary theory and using the Sicilian Mafia as a case study, I show that COs exercise and construct their narratives of political authority by reappropriating the state’s key constitutive narratives of space, time, and identity. By reflecting the same form of (statist) political imagination via alternative spatial, temporal, and identity configurations, these groups simultaneously reject and reproduce modern articulations of political authority in their spatio-temporal and identity dimensions.Publisher PDFPeer reviewe

    The genome of the deep-sea anemone Actinernus sp. contains a mega-array of ANTP-class homeobox genes

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    This study was supported by Hong Kong Research Grant Council Collaborative Research Fund CRF (grant no. C4015-20EF), General Research Fund GRF (grant no. 14100420), CUHK Direct Grant (grant nos. 4053489 and 4053547), Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Guangzhou) (grant nos. HJ202101, SMSEGL20SC01 and SMSEGL20SC02) and Major Project of Basic and Applied Basic Research of Guangdong Province (grant no. 2019B030302004).Members of the phylum Cnidaria include sea anemones, corals and jellyfish, and have successfully colonized both marine and freshwater habitats throughout the world. The understanding of how cnidarians adapt to extreme environments such as the dark, high-pressure deep-sea habitat has been hindered by the lack of genomic information. Here, we report the first chromosome-level deep-sea cnidarian genome, of the anemone Actinernus sp., which was 1.39 Gbp in length and contained 44 970 gene models including 14 806 tRNA genes and 30 164 protein-coding genes. Analyses of homeobox genes revealed the longest chromosome hosts a mega-array of Hox cluster, HoxL, NK cluster and NKL homeobox genes; until now, such an array has only been hypothesized to have existed in ancient ancestral genomes. In addition to this striking arrangement of homeobox genes, analyses of microRNAs revealed cnidarian-specific complements that are distinctive for nested clades of these animals, presumably reflecting the progressive evolution of the gene regulatory networks in which they are embedded. Also, compared with other sea anemones, circadian rhythm genes were lost in Actinernus sp., which likely reflects adaptation to living in the dark. This high-quality genome of a deep-sea cnidarian thus reveals some of the likely molecular adaptations of this ecologically important group of metazoans to the extreme deep-sea environment. It also deepens our understanding of the evolution of genome content and organization of animals in general and cnidarians in particular, specifically from the viewpoint of key developmental control genes like the homeobox-encoding genes, where we find an array of genes that until now has only been hypothesized to have existed in the ancient ancestor that pre-dated both the cnidarians and bilaterians.Publisher PDFPeer reviewe

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