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Heterostructured ZnFe2O4/Fe2TiO5/TiO2 Composite Nanotube Arrays with an Improved Photocatalysis Degradation Efficiency Under Simulated Sunlight Irradiation

By Kun Xiong, Kunzhou Wang, Lin Chen, Xinqing Wang, Qingbo Fan, Jérémie Courtois, Yuliang Liu, Xianguo Tuo and Minhao Yan

Abstract

Abstract To improve the visible light absorption and photocatalytic activity of titanium dioxide nanotube arrays (TONTAs), ZnFe2O4 (ZFO) nanocrystals were perfused into pristine TONTA pipelines using a novel bias voltage-assisted perfusion method. ZFO nanocrystals were well anchored on the inner walls of the pristine TONTAs when the ZFO suspensions (0.025 mg mL−1) were kept under a 60 V bias voltage for 1 h. After annealing at 750 °C for 2 h, the heterostructured ZFO/Fe2TiO5 (FTO)/TiO2 composite nanotube arrays were successfully obtained. Furthermore, Fe3+ was reduced to Fe2+ when solid solution reactions occurred at the interface of ZFO and the pristine TONTAs. Introducing ZFO significantly enhanced the visible light absorption of the ZFO/FTO/TONTAs relative to that of the annealed TONTAs. The coexistence of type I and staggered type II band alignment in the ZFO/FTO/TONTAs facilitated the separation of photogenerated electrons and holes, thereby improving the efficiency of the ZFO/FTO/TONTAs for photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue when irradiated with simulated sunlight

Topics: Titanium dioxide nanotube arrays, Zinc ferrites nanocrystals, Pseudobrookite, Photocatalysis, Methylene blue, Heterojunction, Technology, T
Publisher: SpringerOpen
Year: 2017
DOI identifier: 10.1007/s40820-017-0169-x
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:ae40359531d446878f4ca035980f8e3e
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