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Susceptibility to oxidative stress and modulated expression of antioxidant genes in the copper-exposed polychaete Perinereis nuntia

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To identify and evaluate potentially useful biomarkers for oxidative stress as early warning indices in the polychaete, Perinereis nuntia, we exposed P. nuntia to copper (Cu) and measured several biomarker enzymes (glutathione S-transferase; GST, glutathione peroxidase; GPx, Metallothionein-like protein; MTLPs, and catalase; CAT) and genes (Pn-GSTs. Pn-CAT, and Pn-MT) with a cellular oxidative index, reactive oxygen species (ROS) level. Accumulated Cu concentrations in P. nuntia increased in a time-dependent manner. Intracellular ROS reached high levels 6 h after exposure in P. nuntia with an increase of GST activity and glutathione (GSH) content. Particularly, GSH in polychaetes showed a positive correlation with Cu contents accumulated in P. nuntia. Messenger RNA expressions of GST sigma and GST omega showed relatively high expressions at 50 mu g/L of Cu exposure, even though the moderate increase of rest of GST isoforms was also observed. Also regarding long-term exposure, we reared P. nuntia in sediments for 15 days, and found that there was an obvious increase of Pn-GSTs, Psi-CAT, and Pn-MT genes with elevated concentrations of Cu and Cd in polychaete body, compared to initial levels, suggesting that P. nuntia in sediment was affected by metals as well as by other organic pollutants to induce oxidative stress genes and enzymes. These findings suggest that oxidative stress is a potential modulator of defense system of P. nuntia. Several potential biomarker genes are available as early warning signals for environmental biomonitoring. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.We thank Dr. Hans-U. Dahms for his comments on the manuscript. This work was supported by a grant from the National Research Foundation (2011-0002810) funded to Kyung-Hoon Shin and also supported by a grant from the Korean Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (2010; PM56380: Oil Spill Environmental Impact Assessment and Environmental Restoration)

Year: 2012
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.cbpc.2011.10.002
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Provided by: HANYANG Repository
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