Randomized trial of 2-L polyethylene glycol plus ascorbic acid versus 4-L polyethylene glycol as bowel cleansing for colonoscopy in an optimal setting


Background and AimPrior studies have reported 2-L polyethylene glycol (PEG) plus ascorbic acid (PEG+Asc) is an effective alternative to standard 4-L PEG for bowel preparation before colonoscopy, but they are limited because of some confounders. Therefore, we compared the efficacy, patient compliance, satisfaction, and safety of 2-L PEG+Asc versus 4-L PEG for bowel cleansing in optimal preparation strategies.MethodsIn this prospective, randomized, single-blind trial, consenting outpatients were randomly assigned to one of two arms. All colonoscopies were scheduled in the morning and cleansing solutions were administered as a split-dose regimen. Bowel-cleansing efficacy in three different segments was measured on a five-point scale with four-point overall grading. Patients' opinions of the preparation regimens were obtained by questionnaire.ResultsThere was no significant difference between the 2-L PEG+Asc (159/163; 97.5%) and 4-L PEG (162/164; 98.8%) with respect to the overall success of bowel cleansing (mean difference=-1.3 [-4.1-]). Patient compliance, acceptability, and satisfaction were better in the 2-L PEG+Asc arm than the 4-L PEG arm (P<0.05). Additionally, the incidence of side effects was lower in the 2-L PEG+Asc than the 4-L PEG (overall, 57.7% vs 73.2%, P<0.05). However, no significant difference was seen in patients' rating of taste.ConclusionsIn an optimal preparation setting, 2-L PEG+Asc has equal efficacy as a bowel cleanser prior to colonoscopy as 4-L PEG, with the advantages of better patient compliance, satisfaction, and safety

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oaioai:repository.hanyang.ac.kr:20.500.11754/46724Last time updated on 7/27/2018

This paper was published in HANYANG Repository.

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