Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Modelling of premixed combustion in a gas turbine

By Geoffrey E. Engelbrecht


Three steady state combustion models, two turbulence models and a model for tK'6 prediction of NO., were implemented and investigated on a simple backward facing step experiment as well as an experimental lean prevaporised premixed (LPP) combustor. The three combustion models included the simple Eddy Break-up model as well as a presumed probability density function (pdf) model and a form of the BML crossing frequency flamelet model. These models were adapted to consider a variable mixture fraction to account for a non-homogeneous fuel air mixture. The two turbulence models used were the k-e and second moment models. Despite being unable to capture the flame front spreading in the case of the backward facing step, these predictions provided insight into the performance and implementation of the models. All three of the combustion models, after appropriate tuning, worked well for the LPP test combustor. This illustrates that such time averaged models are useful for flows which do not contain large transient coherent structures, such as that of the LPP test combustor and most practical engine combustors designed today. The second moment closure turbulence model was found to have the greatest impact on the flame front through the flow field predictions rather than through counter gradient diffusion. The Eddy Break-up and BML crossing frequency models both performed very well, qualitatively predicting the correct trends. The additional consideration of flame front straining in the BML crossing frequency model did not appear to significantly influence the flame front. This is because the type of model adopted to predict this effect had a relatively uniform influence everywhere in the flow. The presumed pdf model also performed well and was additionally found to self ignite without the existence of hot products when the inlet temperature was high enough. The NO., model faired well for a simple experimental geometry. However, it considerably over predicted the NO., formed within the LIPP test combustor, which was most probably due to poor boundary conditions. Despite this overprediction, the results give insight into how to improve the NQ, emissions for the experimental combustor

Publisher: Cranfield University
Year: 1998
OAI identifier:
Provided by: Cranfield CERES

Suggested articles


  1. (1993). A Coherent Flame Model of Premixed Turbulent Combustion in a Counterflow Geometry, doi
  2. A Comparison of Flamelet Models for Premixed Turbulent Combustion, doi
  3. A Comparison of Hybrid and Quad ratic-U pstrea m Differencing in High Reynolds Number Elliptic Flows, doi
  4. A Consistently Formulated QUICK Scheme for Fast and Stable Convergence Using Finite-volume Iterative Calculation Procedures, doi
  5. A Direct Comparison doi
  6. (1989). A Fractal Description of Flamelets, "Turbulent Reactive Flows (Lecture Notes in Engineering 40)", doi
  7. A General Purpose Computer Program for Multi-Dimensional Oneand Two-Phase Flow, doi
  8. A Local Oscillation-Damping Algorithm for Higher Order Convection Schemes, doi
  9. A Low Dispersion and Bounded Convection Scheme, doi
  10. A Low-diffusive and Oscillation-free Convective Scheme, doi
  11. A Method for Reducing Dispersion in Convective Difference Schemes, doi
  12. A Mixed ness-Reactedness Flamelet Model for Turbulent Diffusion Flames, doi
  13. A Monte Carlo Method for the PDF Equations of Turbulent Reactive Flow, doi
  14. (1993). A New High-Resolution Scheme Based on the Normalized Variable Formulation, doi
  15. A New Model of Premixed Wrinkled Flame Propagation Based on a Scalar Dissipation Equation, Combustion and Flame, doi
  16. (1996). A NO. Prediction Scheme for Lean-Premixed Gas Turbine Combustion Based on Detailed Chemical Kinetics, Journal for Gas Turbines doi
  17. (1980). A Non-Gradient Theory for Premixed Turbulent Flames, "Mechanics Today", doi
  18. A Novel Finite-difference Formulation for Differential Expressions Involving Both First and Second Derivatives, doi
  19. (1990). A One-Dimensional Model of Ramjet Combustion Instability, AIAA-90-0271,28th Aerospace Sciences Meeting, doi
  20. A PDF Method for Turbulent Recirculating Flows, "Turbulent Reactive Flows: Lecture Notes in Engineering 40", doi
  21. A Review of Research on Subsonic Turbulent Flow Reattachment, doi
  22. A Stable and Accurate Convective Modelling Procedure on Quadratic Upstream Interpolation, doi
  23. A Statistical Model of NO Formation doi
  24. (1995). A Stoichastic Model for Aircraft Gas Turbine Combustor Emissions,
  25. A Survey of Finite Differences %vith Upwinding for Numerical Modelling of the Incompressible Convection Diffusion Equation, "Computational Techniques in Transient and Turbulent Flow",
  26. (1981). A Third Order Accurate Upwind Scheme for Navier Stokes Solutionsin Three Dimensions, "Computers in Flow Prediction and Fluid Dynamics Experiments",
  27. A Two-Variables Formalism for the Treatment of Chemical Reactions in Turbulent 1-12-Air Diffusion Flames, doi
  28. (1974). A Unified Statistical Model of the Premixed Turbulent Flame, doi
  29. (1997). An Efficient Computational Model for Premixed Turbulent Combustion at High Reynolds Numbers based on a Turbulent Flame Speed Closure, doi
  30. (1983). An Experimental Investigation of the Structure of Turbulent Reattaching Flow Behind a Backward-Facing Step, Report MD42,
  31. (1981). An Experimental Study of Combustion: The Turbulent Structure of a Reacting Shear Layer Formed at a Rearward-Facing Step, NASA CR-165427, doi
  32. Analysis of Effect of Flameholder Characteristics on Lean, Premixed, Partially Vaporized Fuel-Air Mixture Quality and Nitrogen Oxides Emissions,
  33. Analysis of Two Fast-Chemsitry Combustion Models and Turbulence Modeling
  34. (1986). Application of a "Presumed p. d. f. " Model of Turbulent Combustion to Reciprocating Engines - doi
  35. (1986). Application of a "Presumed p. d. f. " Model of Turbulent Combustion to Reciprocating Engines, 21't Symposium (international) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, doi
  36. Application of a Reynolds Stress, Stretched Flamelet, doi
  37. Assumed p-pdf Model for Turbulent Mixing: Validation and Extension to Multiple Scalar Mixing, doi
  38. (1992). Brite/Euram Task 4.7: Low Emission Combustor Technology (BMW Rolls-Royce GmbH),
  39. Calculation Methods for Reacting Turbulent Flows: A Review, Combustion and Flames, doi
  40. (1997). Calculation of a Premixed Swirl Combustor using the pdf Method, doi
  41. Calculation of Extinction Limits for Premixed Laminar Flames in a Stagnation Point Flow, doi
  42. Calculation of the Structure and Extinction Limit of a Methane-Air Counterflow Diffusion Flame in the Forward Stagnation Region of a Porous Cylinder, doi
  43. Calculation of turbulent buoyant plumes with a Reynolds stress and heat flux transport closure, doi
  44. Characteristic Scale of Wrinkles in Turbulent Premixed Flames, doi
  45. (1987). Characteristicas of Dune-Shape Flameholders, AlAA87-2106, doi
  46. Chemical Closure Model for Fractal Flamelets, Combustion and Flame, doi
  47. (1984). Chemical Kinetic Modelling of Hydrocarbon Combustion, doi
  48. Combustion Calculations on a Premixed System with a Bluff Body Flameholder, doi
  49. Combustion Efficiency of a Premixed Continuous Flow Combustor, doi
  50. Combustion in a Turbulent Mixing Layer Formed at a Rearward-Facing Step, doi
  51. Combustion Regimes and the Straining of Turbulent Premixed Flames, doi
  52. Combustion Technology for Low-Emissions Gas-Turbines: Some Recent Modeling Results, doi
  53. (1980). Combustion, Pollutant, and Stability Characterization of a Premixed, Step Combustor,
  54. (1987). Combustion: Second Edition",
  55. Combustor Concepts for Aircraft Gas Turbine Low-Power Emissions Reduction, doi
  56. Combustor Development for Automotive I Gas Turbines (Detroit Diesel Allison), doi
  57. (1991). Combustor for Automotive Ceramic Gas Turbine - doi
  58. Comment on "Review of Flashback Reported in Prevaporizing/Premixing Combustors", doi
  59. Comparison of the PISO, SIMPLER and SIMPLEC algorithms for the treatment of the press u re-velocity coupling in steady flow problems, doi
  60. (1984). Computational Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer", Hemisphere Publishing, doi
  61. (1971). Computer Program for Calculation of Complex Chemical Equilibrium Compositions, Rocket Performance, Incident and Reflected Shocks, and Chapman-Jouguet Detonations,
  62. Coupled Lagrangian Monte Carlo pdf-CFD doi
  63. (1997). Detailed reaction mechanism for small hydrocarbons combustion. Release 0.3, hftp: //homepaqes.
  64. (1988). Determination of Time-Mean Flow and Turbulence Properties within Strongly Swirling Jets and Flames using
  65. Development of a Coherent Flarnelet Model for a SparkIgnited Turbulent Premixed Flame in a Closed Vessel, Combustion and Flame, doi
  66. Direct Numerical Simulations of the turbulent mixing of a passive scalar, doi
  67. Dump Combustor Parametric Investigations, doi
  68. Dynamics of Cold and Reacting Flows on Backward Facing Step Geometry, "Turbulent Reactive Flows: Lecture Notes in Engineering 40", doi
  69. Dynamics of Stretched Flames, doi
  70. Effect of Degree of Fuel Vaporization Upon Emissions for a Premixed Partially Vaporized Combustion System, doi
  71. Effect of Fuel Sulfur doi
  72. Effect of Fuel-Air-Ratio Nonuniformity on Emissions of Nitrogen Oxides, doi
  73. (1975). Effect of Hydrogen Injection on Stability and Emissions of an Experimental,
  74. Effect of Inlet Temperature and Pressure on Emissions from a Premixing Gas Turbine Primary Zone Combustor,
  75. Effect of Premixing Quality
  76. (1975). Effects of Equivalence Ratio and Dwell Time on Exhaust Emissions from an Experimental Premixing Prevaporizing Bumer, doi
  77. Effects of Finite Reaction Rate and Molecular Transport in Premixed Turbulent Combustion, Combustion and Flame, doi
  78. Effects of Percentage of Blockage and Flameholder Downstream Counterbores;
  79. (1949). Elliptic Problems in Linear Difference Equations over a Network,
  80. Emission Combustor Technology Task 5: Selection of Pollution Reduction Methods,
  81. Emissions of Oxides of Nitrogen from an Experimental PremixedHydrogen Burner,
  82. Environmental Impacts of Air Traffic, doi
  83. Equations des gaz turbulents compressibles,
  84. (1973). Evaluated Kinetic Data for High Temperature Reactants",
  85. Evaluation of NO., Mechanisms for Lean Premixed Combustion, doi
  86. Exhaust Emissions from a Premixing, Prevaporizing Flame Tube using Liquid Jet A Fuel,
  87. Experimental and Theoretical Studies of Nitrogen Oxides Production in a Turbulent Premixed Flame, doi
  88. Experimental Examination of a Prevaporized Premixed Combustor, doi
  89. Experimental Study of Nitrogen Dioxide Formation doi
  90. Extinction of Prernixed Flames
  91. Extinction of Strained Premixed Laminar Flames with doi
  92. Fast Nitrogen Dioxide Reactions: Significance during NO Decomposition and N02 Formation, doi
  93. Field equation for interface propagation in an unsteady homogeneous flow field, doi
  94. (1992). Fifteen Lectures on Laminar and Turbulent Combustion,
  95. Finite Element Computation of a Turbulent Flow Over a Two-Dimensional Backward-Facing Step, doi
  96. First European Test for Combustion Modelling (E.
  97. (1985). Flame Flashback doi
  98. Flame Flashback vAthin Turbulent Streams of Lean Homogeneous Fuel Mixtures and Air, doi
  99. Flame Stabilization in Simplified Prevaporizing, Partially Vaporizing, and Conventional Gas Turbine Combustors, doi
  100. Flame Stabilization Using Large Flameholders of irregular doi
  101. Flamelet Crossing Frequencies and Mean Reaction Rates doi
  102. (1973). Flux Corrected Transport 1: SHASTA, A Fluid Transport Algorithm that Works, doi
  103. Formation in the Mixing Region of Hot Burned Gas with Cool Air, doi
  104. Formation of Nitric Oxide doi
  105. FRAM Nonlinear Damping Algorithm for the Continuity Equation, doi
  106. Fully Multidimensional Flux-Corrected Transport Algorithms for Fluids, doi
  107. (1983). Gas Turbine Combustion", doi
  108. Gas Turbine Engine Emissions-Problems Progress and Future, doi
  109. High Resolution Application of the OSHER Upwind Scheme for the Euler Equations, doi
  110. Impact of Emission Regulations on Future Gas Turbine Engine Combustors, AlAA Paper 73-1277, AIAA/SAE 9"' Propulsion Conference, AlAA, doi
  111. (1980). Implications of the Laminar Flamelet Model doi
  112. Improved Numerical Methods for Turbulent Viscous Recirculating Flows,
  113. (1990). in "Recent Advances in Combustion Modeling", World Scientific, doi
  114. (1985). in "Recent Advances in the Aerospace Sciences", doi
  115. Inflammation et D6veloppement de la Combustion Turbulente clans un Wange Homog6ne Air-M6thane,
  116. Influences on Exhaust Emissions from Automotive Gas Turbines (Volkswagen), doi
  117. (1996). Investigation into Mixing and Combustion in an Optical,
  118. Laminar Burning Velocities and Markstein Numbers of Hydrocarbon/Air Flames, doi
  119. Laminar Burning Velocities and Transition to Unstable Flames doi
  120. Laminar Burning Velocity doi
  121. Larninar Burning Velocities of Methanol,
  122. Lean Premixed Recirculating Flow Combustion for Control of Oxides of Nitrogen, doi
  123. Lean Premixed/Prevaporized Combustion, doi
  124. (1983). Lean Premixture Combustion on a Coaxial Burner, 19" Symposium (international) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, doi
  125. (1972). Lectures in Mathematical Models of Turbulence", doi
  126. (1991). lence in a Bluff Body Stabilized Flame, doi
  127. Local Fine Flame Structure and its doi
  128. Low Emission Variable Area Combustor for Vehicular Gas Turbines (Solar), doi
  129. Low Emissions Combustion for the Regenerative Gas Turbine: Part I- Theoretical and Design Considerations (Ford), doi
  130. (1974). Low-Power Turbopropulsion Combustor Exhaust Emissions: Volume 11 Demonstration and Total Emission Analysis and Air Force Aero Prediction (Pratt & Whitney Aircraft), AFAPL-TR-73-36-VOL-2, Propulsion Laboratory,
  131. (1973). Low-Power Turbopropulsion Combustor Exhaust Emissions: Volume I Theoretical Formulation and Design Assessment (Pratt & Whitney Aircraft), AFAPL-TR-73-36-VOL-1, Air Force Aero Propulsion Laboratory,
  132. (1974). Low-Power Turbopropulsion Combustor Exhaust Emissions: Volume III Analysis (Pratt & Whitney Aircraft), AFAPL-TR-73-36-VOL-3, Air Force Aero Propulsion Laboratory,
  133. Mathematical modelling of Fluid-Mechanics, Heat Transfer and Chemical-Reaction processes: a lecture course, Imperial College
  134. (1985). Measurement of Vortex Frequencies in a Lean, Premixed Precaporized Combustor, doi
  135. (1991). Measurements and Modeling of a Bluff Body Stabalized Flame, Combustion and Flame, doi
  136. (1981). Measurements of Conditioned Velocities in a Turbulent Premixed Flame, doi
  137. Mechanisrn and Modeling of Nitrogen Chemistry
  138. Model equation for nonhomogeneous turbulence, doi
  139. (1979). Model of the Recirculating Flow in a Premixed Combustor,
  140. (1994). Modeling of Flame Generated Turbulence and Buoyant Scalar Fluxes in High Speed Turbulent Premixed Flames, private communication,
  141. Modeling of Flame-Generated Turbulence and Buoyant Scalar Fluxes
  142. Modeling Variable Density Effects in Turbulent Flames - doi
  143. Modelling of Flamelet doi
  144. (1993). Modelling of Process Heaters Fired by Natural Gas,
  145. (1979). Models for Turbulent Flows with Variable Density and Combustion, Prediction Methods for Turbulent Flows, von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics Lecture Series 1979-2,
  146. Monte Carlo probability density function method for gas turbine combustor flowfield predictions, doi
  147. Multicomponent Spray Computations in a Modified Centrebody Combustor, AIAA-88-0638, AIAA 26th Aerospace Sciences Meeting, doi
  148. N02Formation in the Mixing Region of Hot Bumed Gas Wth Cool Air -Effect of Surrounding Air, doi
  149. Nitric Oxide Formation from N2 in Flames: The Importance of "Prompt" doi
  150. Nitrogen Oxide Formation in Flames: doi
  151. (1998). NO and N02 Formation in a Turbulent Hydrocarbon/Air Diffusion Flame, doi
  152. (1993). Non-Equilibrium Effects in Non-Premixed High Intensity Turbulent Flames with
  153. Normalized Variable and Space Formulation Methodology for High-Resolution Schemes, doi
  154. (1988). Numerical Computation of Internal and External Flows: Volume 1: Fundamentals of Numerical Discretization", doi
  155. (1990). Numerical Computation of Internal and External Flows: Volume 2: Computational Methods for Inviscid and Viscous Flows", doi
  156. Numerical Examination of a Tube- and Disk-Type Combustor Configuration, doi
  157. Numerical Simulation of a Turbulent Flame Stabilized Behind a Rearward-Facing Step, doi
  158. Numerical Simulation of Turbulent Reactive Flows, doi
  159. (1989). On Laminar Flamelet Modelling of the Mean Reaction Rate in a Premixed Turbulent Flame, doi
  160. On the Burning Velocity of Stretched Flames, doi
  161. On the Calculation of Turbulent Heat Transport Downstream from an abrupt Pipe Expansion, Numerical Heat Transfer, doi
  162. On the computation of turbulent backstep flow, doi
  163. On the effects of a gravitational field on the turbulent transport of heat and momentum, doi
  164. (1995). On the numerical results of a combustion zone stabilized by a rectangular section cylinder obtained with Hades CFD code, European Test for Combustion Modelling, I' ETCM Workshop,
  165. On the scales of the fluctuations in turbulent combustion, doi
  166. Overall Reaction Rates doi
  167. Passage Times and Flamelet Crossing Frequencies doi
  168. PDF Methods for Turbulent Reactive FloWs, doi
  169. Pollution Control doi
  170. (1993). Prediction of Momentum and Scalar Fields in a Jet Cross-Flow using First and Second Order Turbulence Closures, AGARD
  171. (1973). Prediction of Reaction-Rates in Turbulent Premixed Boundary-Layer Flows, Combustion Institute European Symposium
  172. (1989). Prediction of the Lower Limits of Combustion of Premixed Gases, doi
  173. (1978). Predictions of the Flow Field and Local Gas Composition
  174. (1987). Preliminary Development of an Ultra-Low No. Gas Turbine Combustor, doi
  175. Preliminary Studies of Autoignition and Flashback in a Premixing-Prevaporizing Flame Tube Using Jet-A Fuel at Lean Equivalence Ratios,
  176. Prernixed Flames in Stagnating Turbulence: Part 1. The General Formulation for Counterflowing Streams and Gradient Models for Turbulent Transport, Combustion doi
  177. Prevaporization and Premixing to Obtain Low Oxides of Nitrogen
  178. Prevaporized Combustion for Aircraft Gas Turbine Engines, doi
  179. (1986). Principles of Combustion",
  180. (1993). private communication,
  181. Progress in the development of a Reynolds-stress turbulence closure, doi
  182. Reaction Rate Modelling for Premixed Turbulent Methane-Air Flames, doi
  183. Renormalization Group for Modelling of Turbulent Flows and Turbulent Combustion, doi
  184. Reply to Comments by doi
  185. Resolution Schemes and the Entropy - Condition, doi
  186. Response and Flamelet Structure of Stretched Premixed Methane-Air Flames, doi
  187. Review of Flashback Reported doi
  188. Second-Generation Low-Emission Combustor for ABB Gas Turbines: Burner Development and Tests at Atmospheric Pressure., doi
  189. Second-moment closure: present ... and future?, doi
  190. SENKIN: A Fortran Program for Predicting Homogeneous Gas Phase Chemical Kinetics with Sensitivity Analysis,
  191. Simple High-Accuracy Resolution Program for Convective Modelling of Discontinuities, doi
  192. (1988). Simulation of Stretched Premixed CH4 - Air and C31-18 - Air Flames with Detailed Chemistry, CUED/A-THERMO/TR20,
  193. Simulations of Bluff Body Stabilized Flames, First European Test for Combustion Modelling (E.
  194. Simultaneous Measurements of Concentration and Velocity in an Open Premixed Turbulent Flame, doi
  195. Solution of the Continuity Equation by the Method of Flux Corrected Transport,
  196. Solvers, the Entropy Condition and Difference Approximations, doi
  197. Some Practical Aspects of Staged Premixed, Low Emissions Combustion (Rolls-Royce, doi
  198. Soot Formation, Progress in Energy and doi
  199. (1991). Spring Meeting Technical Program, The Combustion Institute,
  200. (1969). Statistical Equations of Turbulent Gases, Problems of Hydrodynamics and Continuum Mechanics,
  201. Statistical hydromechanics and functional calculus, doi
  202. Strained Laminar Flamelet Calculations of Premixed Turbulent Combustion in a Closed Vessel, 22dSymposium (international) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, doi
  203. Structure of Flamelets in Turbulent Reacting Flows and Influence of r Combustion on Turbulence Fields, "Turbulent Reactive Flows (Lecture Notes in Engineering 40)", doi
  204. (1990). Studies of the Turbulent Burning Velocity, doi
  205. Superequilibriurn and Thermal Nitric Oxide Formation in Turbulent Diffusion Flames, Combustion and Flame, doi
  206. (1980). Temperature and Ionization Measurements in Turbulent Premixed Flames, AIAA 18'h Aerospace Sciences Meeting, doi
  207. The Burning Velocity doi
  208. The Calculation of Some Laminar Flows Using Various Discretization Schemes, doi
  209. The Determination of Burning Velocities of Slow Flames, doi
  210. The Effect of Initial Conditions on the Propagation of a Premixed Flame in a Mixing Layer, Combustion doi
  211. The Effect of Turbulence on doi
  212. (1989). The Interaction Between Turbulence and Chemistry in Premixed Turbulent Flames, "Turbulent Reactive Flows (Lecture Notes in Engineering 40)", doi
  213. The Low Emission Gas Turbine Car - What Does the Future Hold?, doi
  214. The mathematical modelling of premixed turbulent combustion, doi
  215. The Mechanism of High Temperature
  216. The Numerical Computation of Turbulent Flows, doi
  217. The Prediction of Larninarization with a TwoEquation Model of Turbulence,
  218. The Prediction of the Fluctuations in the Porperties of Free Round-Jet, Turbulent, Diffusion Flames, doi
  219. The Premixed Turbulent Flame in the Limit of a Large Activation Energy, doi
  220. The probability density function approach to reacting turbulent flows, "Turbulent Reacting Flows: Topics in Applied Physics 44", doi
  221. The Ratio N02/NO in Fuel-Lean Flames, doi
  222. The statistical theory of turbulent flames, doi
  223. The Straining of Premixed Turbulent Flames, doi
  224. Theoretical Predictions of a High Velocity, Premixed, Turbulent Flame, doi
  225. Theory of Normal Premixed Turbulent Flames Revisited, doi
  226. Time-Resolved Scalar Measurements in a Confined Turbulent Premixed Flame, 17"' doi
  227. Towards the Ultimate Conservative Difference Scheme 1. The Quest of Monotonicity, "Lecture Notes in Physics", doi
  228. Towards the Ultimate Conservative Difference Scheme Monotonicity and Conservation Combined in a Second-order Scheme, doi
  229. Towards the Ultimate Conservative Difference Scheme V. A Second Order Sequel to Gadunov's Method, doi
  230. Transport equations for the joint probability density function of velocity and scalars in turbulent flow, doi
  231. Transport of Turbulence Energy Decay Rate, Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory doi
  232. Turbulent Combustion in a Premixed Flow, doi
  233. Turbulent Combustion Modelling, doi
  234. Turbulent Combustion of Axisymmetric Sudden Expansion Flows, doi
  235. Turbulent Flame Development in a High Velocity Premixed Flow, doi
  236. Turbulent Mass Transfer and Rates of Combustion doi
  237. Turbulent Non-Premixed Combustion doi
  238. Turbulent Premixed Combustion: A Flamelet Formulation and Spectral Analysis doi
  239. Turbulent Premixed, SvArlingĂ˝ Combustion: Direct Stress, doi
  240. Turbulent Transport in a Confined Premixed Flame, doi
  241. Turbulent Transport in Premixed Flames, "Convective Transport and Instability Phenomena",
  242. (1985). UCombustion Theory: Fundamental Theory of Chemically Reacting Flow Systems
  243. Unified Modeling Approach for Premixed Turbulent Combustion - Part 1: General Formulation, doi
  244. (1990). Use of a Flame Front Model for Numerical Prediction of Combustion in a Spark-Ignition Engine,
  245. (1984). Weak Extinction and Turbulent Burning Velocity for Grid Stabilized Premixed Flames, doi
  246. Weak Limits of Premixed Gases, Transactions of the ASME: doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.