Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

The identification of bovine tuberculosis in zooarchaeological assemblages. Working towards differential diagnostic criteria.

By Jeanette E. Wooding

Abstract

The study of human palaeopathology has developed considerably in the last three decades resulting in a structured and standardised framework of practice, based upon skeletal lesion patterning and differential diagnosis. By comparison, disarticulated zooarchaeological assemblages have precluded the observation of lesion distributions, resulting in a dearth of information regarding differential diagnosis and a lack of standard palaeopathological recording methods. Therefore, zoopalaeopathology has been restricted to the analysis of localised pathologies and ‘interesting specimens’. Under present circumstances, researchers can draw little confidence that the routine recording of palaeopathological lesions, their description or differential diagnosis will ever form a standard part of zooarchaeological analysis. This has impeded the understanding of animal disease in past society and, in particular, has restricted the study of systemic disease. This research tackles this by combining the disciplines of human palaeopathology and zoopalaeopathology and focusing on zoonotic disease. The primary aim of this research was to investigate the skeletal manifestation of bTB in cattle, sheep/goat and pig to establish differential diagnostic criteria for its identification in zooarchaeological assemblages. Methods commonplace in human palaeopathology were adapted and applied to zoopalaeopathology, in addition to radiography and aDNA analysis. The results emphasise the difficulties but also the potential associated with the identification of systemic diseases in zooarchaeological assemblages. An approach to the classification of potentially infectious lesions is presented that enables the calculation of crude prevalence in disarticulated assemblages. In addition, the potential for a DNA analysis to shed further light on animal disease in the past is emphasised.Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC)She will contact editor and let me know if they are happy with the thesis being made available - Jan 4th 2018. The individual files are as sent. I merged them into 1 pdf file (Wooding Thesis.pdf). The system has duplicated .txt files in the authorisations screen.\ud If you need to release it at the end of the embargo it's Bitstream WoodingThesis.pdf and not WoodingThesis.pdf.txt. Embargo ends 16th Jan 2018- smThe embargo period ended: 16th January 2018

Topics: Palaeopathology; Zooarchaeology; Human osteoarchaeology; Zoonosis; Iron Age; Viking Age; Iceland; Orkney; England; Skeletal manifestations; Animal skeletal remains; Zoopalaeopathology
Publisher: School of Life Sciences. Division of Archaeological, Geographical and Environmental Sciences.
Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:bradscholars.brad.ac.uk:10454/5123
Provided by: Bradford Scholars
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • http://hdl.handle.net/10454/51... (external link)
  • http://creativecommons.org/lic... (external link)
  • Suggested articles


    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.