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Synthesis of bespoke matrices to investigate a novel anti-tumour molecular target using affinity chromatography. The design, synthesis and evaluation of biotinylated biarylheterocycles used as novel affinity probes in the identification of anti-tumour molecular targets.

By Hayley R. Evans

Abstract

Three novel, synthetic biarylheterocycles bearing imidazole terminal groups had previously been discovered with high cytotoxicity (IC50 16¿640 nM) against a number of human tumour cell lines. Notably, this biological activity was independent of duplex DNA binding affinity. The compounds were tested in the NCI 60-cell line panel and COMPARE analysis suggests they have a novel mechanism of action, targeting the product of a ¿gene-like sequence¿ of unidentified function.\ud The identity of likely protein targets was explored using a chemical proteomic strategy. Bespoke affinity matrices for chromatography were prepared in which test compounds were attached to a solid support through a biotin tag. A synthetic route to hit compounds containing a biotin moiety in place of one of the imidazole sidechains was developed. Chemosensitivity studies confirmed that the biotinylated compounds retained their activity showing IC50 = 6.25 ¿M in a susceptible cell line, compared with > 100 ¿M for an insensitive cell line.\ud The biotinylated ligands were complexed to a streptavidin-activated affinity column and exposed to cell lysates from the susceptible cell lines. Bound proteins were eluted from the column and separated using SDS-PAGE. Proteins were characterised by MALDI MS and MS/MS and identified using Mascot database searches. Heterogeneous nuclear ribonuclear protein A2/B1 was found to selectively bind to the affinity probes.Yorkshire Cancer Research, BMSS, School of Life Sciences and the Frank Hudson Memorial Fun

Topics: Anti-tumour molecular target, Affinity chromatography, Biotinylated biarylheterocycles, Affinity probes, Cytotoxicity, Human tumour cells, Chemosensitivity studies
Publisher: Institute of Cancer Therapeutics and School of Pharmacy
Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:bradscholars.brad.ac.uk:10454/4420
Provided by: Bradford Scholars

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