Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Apocalypticisim in the fiction of William S. Burroughs, J.G. Ballard, and Thomas Pynchon.

By Philip Neil Best

Abstract

Apocalypse should not be thought of as merely a synonym for chaos or disaster or cataclysmic upheaval; more properly we should think of disclosure, unveiling and revelation. The exact status of literary apocalyptic is the subject of some debate, and in an attempt to help clarify matters an introductory historical survey examines both the formal characteristics of apocalypse and the various critical positions taken in regard to the genre's social influence. Texts considered in the chapter include the Revelation of John and Thomas Pynchon's short story Entropy (1959); theoretical works by Frank Kermode, John Barth, and Jean Baudrillard (amongst others) are also discussed. Chapter One traces the development of William S. Burroughs's apocalyptic sensibility through readings of his correspondence with Allen Ginsberg and the novel The Naked Lunch (1959); the latter's apocalyptic title referring to the "frozen moment when everyone sees what is on the end of every fork". Chapter Two considers Burroughs's experiments with the "cut-ups" and their application in a number of texts, most notably Nova Express (1964). Chapter Three is concerned with Burroughs's work in the 1970s and 80s, and specifically his concept of Here to Go, a theory of mutability presented as a transcendental antidote to the threat of nuclear annihilation (the author's alleged misogyny and the views of radical US feminists are also taken into account). Chapters Four and Five explore the apocalyptic fiction of J. G. Ballard; topics covered include Ballard's concept of inner space, his debt to Surrealism, and the coded landscapes of his more experimental texts; in particular the "condensed novels" which comprise The Atrocity Exhibition (1970). A concluding chapter returns to the work of Thomas Pynchon, offering a reading of Gravity's Rainbow (1973) which allows us to consider his treatment of such related themes as Paranoia, Holocaust, Apocalypse, and finally, Counterforce

Topics: Literature, Mass media, Performing arts
Year: 1998
OAI identifier: oai:etheses.dur.ac.uk:994
Provided by: Durham e-Theses

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (1964). ["Letter from Frank Michaels, Papatoetoe, New Zealand. "]
  2. (1996). 10%: File Under Burroughs. 2-Compact Disc Set. Sub Rosa,
  3. 12,1955. " The Letters of William S.
  4. 13,1954. " The Letters of William S.
  5. 18,1959. "
  6. (1990). 1974.2nd ed.
  7. 2-LP Record Set. Giorno Poetry Systems,
  8. 2,1955. "
  9. (1967). 23 Skidoo Eristic Elite. "
  10. 23,1957. " The Letters of William S.
  11. 24,1952. " The Letters of William S.
  12. (1960). 277-92. I "Journey into the Mind of Watts. " Man Against Poverty: World War III. A Reader on the World's Most Crucial
  13. 30,1954. " The Letters of William S.
  14. 332 "Letter to Allen Ginsberg, October 13,1956. " The Letters of William S.
  15. 57 Channels (And Nothin' On). " Human Touch.
  16. 9,1955. " The Letters of William S.
  17. (1988). A "Gravity's Rainbow" Companion: Sources and Contexts for Pynchon's Novel. Athens: U of Georgia P:
  18. (1974). A Character Index: Gravity's Rainbow. " doi
  19. (1994). A Dark Side to the Moon. "
  20. (1990). A Final Warning.
  21. A General History of The Pyrates. doi
  22. (1992). A Guide to Virtual Death. " doi
  23. (1981). A Mystery Story. doi
  24. (1968). A Neural Interval. "
  25. (1964). A New Literature for the Space Age. "
  26. (1984). A Primary and Secondary Bibliography.
  27. (1980). A Reader's Guide to "Gravity's Rainbow". doi
  28. (1977). A Scanner Darkly. doi
  29. (1984). A Suicide Note.
  30. (1997). A Supposedly Fun Thing I'll Never Do Again: Essays and Arguments. doi
  31. (1996). A User's Guide to the Millennium: Essays and Reviews.
  32. (0016). About These Recordings. " Sleeve note. Burroughs, William S. Nothing Here Now But The Recordings. LP Record. Industrial Records,
  33. (1979). After Inauguration and Other Atrocities.
  34. (1990). After The Future: Postmodern Times and Places.
  35. (1986). After The Great Divide: Modernism, doi
  36. (1979). Ah Pook Is Here and Other Texts. doi
  37. (1971). Alastair Fowler.
  38. (1945). Alberto Cavalcanti. With Mervyn Johns, Michael Redgrave, Frederick Valk, and Googie Withers. Ealing,
  39. (1992). All The Pretty Horses. doi
  40. (1969). Alphabets of Unreason. "
  41. (1983). Alphabets of Unreason. " New Worlds: An Anthology. Ed. Michael Moorcock.
  42. (1977). Alternative Reality and Deviant Logic in
  43. (1974). American Apocalypses: Excrement and Ennui. "
  44. (1985). American Apocalypses: The Image of The End of The World in American Literature. doi
  45. (1991). American Psycho. doi
  46. (1980). An Anarchy of New Speech; Notes on the American Tradition of William Burroughs. "
  47. (1987). An Interview with doi
  48. Anarcho-Romanticism and the Metaphysics of Counterforce: Alex Comfort and Thomas Pynchon. "
  49. (1976). Anarchy in the U. doi
  50. and Bloomington: doi
  51. (1984). and Cities of the Red Night: An Interview with James Grauerholz. "
  52. (1949). and the Bomb: Military and Political Consequences of Atomic Energy. doi
  53. (1972). Angels of Darkness: Dramatic Effect in Samuel Beckett with Special Reference to Eugene Ionesco. London: George Allen and Unwin,
  54. (1959). Anyone Who Can Pick Up a Frying Pan Owns Death. "
  55. (1949). Ape and Essence. London: Chatto & Windus, doi
  56. (1972). Apocalypse: Dominant Contemporary Forms.
  57. (1978). Apocalypse: Visions from the Book of Revelation in doi
  58. (1984). Apocalypticism in the Fiction of Stephen King. "
  59. Apollo's Darkest Hour. " We Reach the Moon: The New York Times Story of Man's Greatest Adventure.
  60. (1983). Approaches to "Gravity's Rainbow". Columbus: Ohio State UP,
  61. (1993). Armageddon, USA. " Sunday Times.
  62. (1990). As The Story Was Told: Uncollected and Late Prose.
  63. (1991). at the Front: Critical Reception, doi
  64. (1971). At the Mountains of Madness and Other Tales of Terror.
  65. At the Theatre. "
  66. (1991). Atomized Artifacts: Atrocity Exhibition and the End of History. "
  67. Atrocity Exhibition. " Closer. Factory Records, doi
  68. (1990). Attenuated Postmodernism: Pynchon's Vineland. " doi
  69. August Derleth and Donald Wandrei (vols. 1-3) and August Derleth and James Turner (vols. 4-5). Sauk City (WI):
  70. (1992). Ballard /
  71. (1976). Ballard and the Limits of Mainstream SF. "
  72. (1988). Ballard and the Paradox of Memory. " Revista Canaria de Estudios Ingleses (U de La
  73. (1986). Ballard and the Promiscuity of Forms. "
  74. (1991). Ballard and the Transvaluation of Utopia. "
  75. (1990). Ballard as a Test Case. " Criticism in the Twilight Zone: Postmodern Perspectives on Literature and Politics.
  76. (1977). Ballard in Bondage. "
  77. Ballard Interviewed. "
  78. (1994). Ballard on His "Lost" 1950s Novel. " doi
  79. (1985). Ballard's Ambiguous Apocalypse. "
  80. (1991). Ballard's Anatomy: An Interview with
  81. (1993). Ballard's Empire of the Senses: Perversion and the Failure of Authority. doi
  82. (1994). Ballard's Empire of the Sun and The Kindness of Women. " doi
  83. (1992). Ballard's Nightmares / Spielberg's Dreams: Empire of the Sun. " Cinema and Fiction: New Modes of Adapting,
  84. Bat's Chance in Hell. " New Scientist.
  85. (1991). Behind the Hieroglyphic Streets': Pynchon's Oedipa Maas and the Dialectics of Reading. " doi
  86. (1984). Beyond Good and Evil: "How-To" Read Naked Lunch. "
  87. (1955). Beyond the Pleasure Principle ... and Other Works. Standard Edition XVIII. doi
  88. (1989). Bibliographical History and Collector's Price Guide to Arkham House/Mycroft & Moran including the revised and expanded "Horrors and Unpleasantries". Mercer Island: Starmont House,
  89. (1983). Blood and Guts in High School: plus two (Great Expectations -
  90. (1985). Blood Meridian, or The Evening Redness in the West. doi
  91. (1990). Blown Away: The Rolling Stones & The Death of the Sixties.
  92. (1994). Bodies Incorporated: Scenes of Agency Panic in Gravity's Rainbow. " doi
  93. (1965). Bootleg ed.
  94. (1992). Borderline: A Psychological Study of Paranoia and Delusional Thinking. doi
  95. Bowling doi
  96. (1971). Boys: A Book of the Dead.
  97. (1986). Break Through in Grey Room. Compact Disc.
  98. (1960). British Novelists since doi
  99. (1985). British Poetry of the Second World War.
  100. (1969). Bug Jack Barron.
  101. (1980). Bugger the Queen. "
  102. (1995). Burning the Box of Beautiful Things: The Development of a Postmodern Sensibility. doi
  103. (1959). Burroughs at the Front: Critical Reception, doi
  104. (1963). Burroughs' Naked Lunch. " The New York Review of
  105. (1984). Burroughs' Theater of Illusion: Cities of the Red Night. "
  106. (1985). By the Bomb's Early Light: American Thought and Culture at the Dawn of the Atomic Age. doi
  107. (1988). Can't Win: The Autobiography of Jack Black.
  108. (1963). Cat's Cradle. doi
  109. (1956). Chaotic Command: The German Experience with Missiles. "
  110. (1981). Cities of the Red Night.
  111. (1971). City of Words: American Fiction 1950-1970. doi
  112. (1980). Coitus 80": A Description of the Sexual Act in
  113. (1984). Collected Shorter Plays of Samuel doi
  114. (1967). Collected Shorter Prose,
  115. (1953). Confessions of an Unredeemed Drug Addict.
  116. (1981). Contemporary Literary Censorship: The Case History of Burroughs' "Naked Lunch". doi
  117. (1982). Contemporary Writers. doi
  118. (1988). Contributions to the Study of Science Fiction 33.
  119. (1992). Cosmic Retribution: The Infernal Art of Joe Coleman.
  120. (1992). Crackhouse: Notes from the End of the Line.
  121. (1969). Crash! " ICA Eventsheet. London: Institute of Contemporary Arts,
  122. (1970). Crashed Cars: New Sculpture by
  123. (1978). Cut-Up: Negative Poetics in William Burroughs and Roland Barthes. "
  124. (1980). Dada: Studies of a Movement. Chalfont St Giles:
  125. (1987). Daniel. " The Literary Guide to the Bible. Ed. Robert Alter and Frank Kermode.
  126. (1994). Dark White: Aliens, Abductions, and the UFO Obsession.
  127. (1993). Death Fiend Guerillas. " Confederacy of the
  128. (1994). Degeneration, Culture and the Novel 1880-1940. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, doi
  129. (1984). Departed Have Left No Address': Revelation/ Concealment Presence/ Absence in Naked Lunch. "
  130. (1987). Deserts of Vast Eternity':
  131. (1986). Desperately Mortal. A Biography. New Haven: Yale UP,
  132. (1995). Dinos and Jake Chapman: Our Own Work is Crap. " "Brilliant! ": New Art from London.
  133. (1974). Disaster and the Millennium.
  134. (1989). Divine Invasions: A Life of
  135. (1968). Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? doi
  136. (1967). Does the Angle Between Two Walls Have a Happy Ending? "
  137. (1993). Doomsday: The End of the World (A View Through Time).
  138. Dream Makers: Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers
  139. (1980). Dystopia as Utopia: Howard Phillips Lovecraft and the Unknown Content of American Horror Literature. "
  140. (1992). Ed The Happy Clown. Toronto: Vortex Comics,
  141. eds. 'Make Sense Who May':
  142. (1985). eds. "In Search of Eco's Roses. "
  143. (1988). eds. Beckett in the Theatre: The Author as practical Playwright and Director. Volume 1: "Waiting for Godot" to "Krapp's Last Tape". London: doi
  144. (1991). eds. Postmodern Theory: Critical Interrogations. doi
  145. (1995). Education: A Book of Dreams. doi
  146. (1988). Empire of the Senseless. doi
  147. (1984). Empire of the Sun.
  148. (1991). England's Dreaming: Sex Pistols doi
  149. (1979). Englewood Cliffs:
  150. (1971). Entropy and Art: An Essay on Disorder and Order. Berkeley: U of California P,
  151. (1980). Entropy: A New World View. doi
  152. (1956). Errand Into The Wilderness. doi
  153. (1977). Escaping Rationalization: Options for the Self in Gravity's Rainbow. " doi
  154. (1983). Everything is Connected: Paranoia in Gravity's Rainbow. "
  155. (1992). Exile and Kingdom: History and Apocalypse in the Puritan Migration to America. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, doi
  156. (1989). Exposing Nuclear Phallacies. Athene Series.
  157. (1992). Femicide: The Politics of Woman Killing. doi
  158. (1990). Feral House, doi
  159. (1987). Fictions of Nuclear Disaster. doi
  160. (1972). Film: Complete Scenario/Illustrations/Production Shots.
  161. Films: 1950's - 1960's. Video Cassette. Dir. Antony Balch. Temple of Psychic Youth,
  162. (1976). For To End Yet Again and other FIZZLES.
  163. (1988). From a War Zone: Writings 1976-1987. London: Secker &
  164. (1960). From New Wave to Cyberpunk and Beyond,
  165. (1991). From Puritanism to Postmodernism: A History of American Literature. NY: Viking Penguin,
  166. From The Education of Henry Adams. " doi
  167. (1972). Fugue for a Darkening Island.
  168. (1983). Fury on Earth: A Biography of Wilhelm Reich. doi
  169. (1994). Generic Exhaustion and the 'Heat Death' of Science Fiction. "
  170. (1993). Genie: A Scientific Tragedy.
  171. (1972). Genius Loci and other tales.
  172. God Save the Queen. " doi
  173. (1997). Gods of Death: Around the World, Behind Closed Doors,
  174. (1971). Gottingen: Expanded Media Editions,
  175. (1974). Gravity's Rainbow Described. " doi
  176. (1985). Great Books and Great Wars:
  177. (1944). Group. AA Troops. The Flying Bomb: The Defence of Antwerp and
  178. (1978). Gyn/Ecology: The Metaethics of Radical Feminism. doi
  179. Having a Wonderful Time. "
  180. (1990). Heart of Darkness. " Heart of Darkness and Other Tales. Ed. Cedric Watts. doi
  181. (1974). Helter Skelter. doi
  182. Helter Skelter. " The Beatles I White Album].
  183. (1982). Here to Go: Planet R-101 (Brion Gysin interviewed by Terry Wilson, with an Introduction and Texts by
  184. (1969). Heroes and Villains.
  185. (1992). High Sixties: The Summers of Riot & Love.
  186. (1985). High-Rise: Interior Adventure and Fictional Space. Topology as a Metalanguage in
  187. (1991). His Lives and Works.
  188. (1977). Hitler's Children: The Story of the Baader-Meinhof Terrorist Gang.
  189. (1985). Hitler's Rockets: The Story of the V-2s.
  190. Homage to Claire Churchill. "
  191. (1969). How Dr Christopher Evans Landed on the Moon. "
  192. (1995). Hydrogen, treason and plot. " The Observer.
  193. (1947). I Was Afraid.
  194. (1983). Ideas of Order in the Novels of Thomas Pynchon. Columbus: Ohio State UP, doi
  195. (1994). Images from the Disaster Area: An Apocalyptic Reading of Urban Landscapes in Ballard's The Drowned World and Hello America. "
  196. (1992). Images of the Future: Comments on Some Recent Experiments. "
  197. (1965). Imagination Dead Imagine. London: Calder & Boyars,
  198. (1990). In a Dark Time: The Apocalyptic Temper in the American Novel of the Nuclear Age. West Lafayette: Purdue UP, doi
  199. (1991). In Response to jean Baudrillard. " doi
  200. (1987). In the Loop: Don DeLillo and the Systems Novel. Urbana: U of Illinois P, doi
  201. (1968). In Watermelon Sugar.
  202. (1987). Industry and Ideology: doi
  203. (1993). Intentional Phalluses: The Male "Sex"
  204. (1962). Introduction to Naked Lunch, The Soft Machine, Novia Express. "
  205. (1984). Introduction. " Slow Learner: Early Stories.
  206. (1955). Invasion of the Body Snatchers.
  207. (1995). Inventing Wonderland: The Lives and Fantasies of Lewis
  208. (1988). Jane Fonda's Augmentation Mammoplasty. "
  209. (1984). Jean Baudrillard on the Current State of SF. "
  210. (1975). Jerry Cornelius at the Atrocity Exhibition: Anarchy and Entropy in New Worlds Science Fiction 1964-1974. "
  211. JGB News 1-25. Brighton: privately printed, 1981-96. Psychological Warfare Division (SHAEF). The Buchenwald Report. Trans.
  212. Journey Across A Crater. "
  213. (1994). Keynes: Nelson Word,
  214. Letter to Allen Ginsberg, April 7,1954. " The Letters of William S.
  215. (1993). Letter to Allen Ginsberg, August 10,1955. "
  216. Letter to Allen Ginsberg, October 21,1955. " The Letters of William S.
  217. (1993). Letter to Jack Kerouac, April 22,1954. "
  218. Letters to Allen Ginsberg: 1953-1957. Eds. Ron Padgett and Anne Waldman.
  219. (1932). Light in August. doi
  220. (1961). Limbo '90.1952.
  221. (1989). Lipstick Traces: A Secret History of the Twentieth Century. doi
  222. (1990). Literary Outlaw: The Life and Times of doi
  223. (1993). Live: Selected Interviews. doi
  224. (1984). Living Water: Archetypal Power in Dune and The Drowned World. "
  225. (1969). London: Triad Grafton-Chatto,
  226. (1974). London: Triad/ Paladin-Random Century and HarperCollins,
  227. (1989). Lost in the Funhouse: Baudrillard and the Politics of Postmodernism. " doi
  228. (1967). Lovecraft Omnibus 2: Dagon and Other Macabre Tales.
  229. (1975). Lovecraft: A Biography.
  230. (1982). Lovecraft: Bloodcurdling Tales of Horror and the Macabre.
  231. (1990). Lovecraft: The Decline of the West. Starmont Studies in Literary Criticism 37. Mercer Island: Starmont House,
  232. (1976). Low-Flying Aircraft and Other Stories.
  233. (1987). Macmillan Modem Novelists.
  234. (1970). Mae West's Reduction Mammoplasty. "
  235. Marilyn Monroe. "
  236. (1991). Marvelous Possessions: The Wonder of the New World. Chicago: U of Chicago P, doi
  237. (1984). Massacre 007: The Story of the Korean Air Lines Flight 007. London: Coronet-Hodder,
  238. (1995). Master Race: The Lebensborn Experiment in Nazi Germany.
  239. Me and the Continuum. "
  240. (1955). Meet Miss Universe. "
  241. (1991). Megatrends 2000.1990.
  242. (1982). Merwin's Planet, Alien Voices. " Criticism: A Quarterly, for Literature and the Arts
  243. (1968). Miami and the Siege of Chicago. doi
  244. (1979). Milford's Popular Writers of Today 26.
  245. (1975). Milton and the Book of Revelation: The Heavenly Cycle. doi
  246. (1945). Mind At The End of Its Tether. doi
  247. (1987). Mind in Motion: The Fiction of
  248. (1977). Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, doi
  249. (1988). Mobility and Masochism: Christine Brooke-Rose
  250. (1990). More Stories About Buildings and Mood. "
  251. (1959). Mortality and Mercy in Vienna. "
  252. (1959). My Purpose Is to Write For the Space Age. " William S. Burroughs at the Front: Critical Reception, doi
  253. (1964). Myth-Maker of the 20th Century. "
  254. (2000). Myths of the Near Future.
  255. (1982). Myths of the Near Future. " Myths of the Near Future.
  256. (1971). Natural Supernaturalism: Tradition and Revolution in Romantic Literature. doi
  257. (1991). Ned Lukacher. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P,
  258. (1991). Neil Armstrong Remembers His journey to the Moon. "
  259. (1975). New Apocalypse for Old: Kermode's Theory of Modernism. " doi
  260. (1991). New Essays on "White Noise". doi
  261. (1478). New Wave S(peculative) F(iction) (1962-78). " British Science Fiction: A Chronology,
  262. (1978). New Wave: A Radical Change in the 1960s. " Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. Ed. Robert Holdstock.
  263. (1974). New Worlds for Old: The Apocalyptic Imagination, Science Fiction, and American Literature. doi
  264. New Worlds: A Personal History. "
  265. (1983). New Worlds: An Anthology.
  266. (1981). News from the Sun. "
  267. (1984). No Apocalypse, Not Now (full speed ahead, seven missiles, seven missives). " Trans. Catherine Porter and Philip Lewis. doi
  268. (1994). Nobody's Interested in Sex Any More: A History of Mondo Cinema. " Killing for Culture: An Illustrated History of Death Film from Mondo to Snuff.
  269. (1959). Norman 0. Life Against Death: The Psychoanalytical Meaning of History.
  270. (1996). Notes and Correspondence. " doi
  271. (1975). Notes For a Novel About The End of the World. " The Message in the Bottle: How Queer Man Is, How Queer Language Is. doi
  272. Notes from Nowhere: Comments on Work in Progress. "
  273. (1985). Notes from the Orifice: Language and the Body in William Burroughs. " doi
  274. (1986). Nuclear Coincidence and the Korean Air Disaster. " doi
  275. (1993). Nuclear Criticism: Anachronism and Anachorism. " doi
  276. (1986). Nuclear Holocaust as Urban Renewal. "
  277. (1987). Nuclear Holocausts: Atomic War in Fiction, doi
  278. (1990). Nuclear Piece: Memoires of Hamlet and The Time to Come. " doi
  279. (1926). NY: Amok,
  280. (1938). NY: Harper Torchbooks,
  281. (1966). Objections to William Burroughs. " doi
  282. (1983). of California P, doi
  283. (1996). Omens of Millennium: The Gnosis of Angels, Dreams, and Resurrection. London: Fourth Estate, doi
  284. (1968). On the Contemporary Apocalyptic Imagination. "
  285. (1996). One Dull Step for Man... " The Observer.
  286. (1990). One of the Great Early Counsellors': The Influence of Franz Kafka on
  287. (1986). Only Apparently Real: The World of
  288. (1991). or The Nature of the Offence. doi
  289. (1981). Other Frequencies': The Parallel Worlds of Thomas Pynchon
  290. (1977). Overkill: The Story of Modern Weapons.
  291. (1981). Paranoia, Pynchon, and Preterition. " doi
  292. (1962). Passport to Eternity. "
  293. (1989). Past Masters.
  294. (1983). Performing in the Zone: The Presentation of Historical Crisis in Gravity's Rainbow. "
  295. (1976). Perversion: The Erotic Form of Hatred. Hassocks: Harvester, doi
  296. Piggies. " The Beatles [White Album].
  297. (1996). Places: An L. A. Crime Memoir.
  298. Plan for the Assassination of Jacqueline Kennedy. "
  299. (1996). Please Kill Me: The Uncensored Oral History of Punk.
  300. (1993). Politics Here is Death': William Burroughs's Cities of the Red Night. "
  301. Pornography and Sexual Violence: Evidence of the Links. The Complete Transcript of Public Hearings on Ordinances to add Pornography as Discrimination against Women: Minneapolis City Council, Government Operations Committee,
  302. (1981). Pornography and Silence: Culture's Revenge Against Nature. doi
  303. (1975). Portrait of an Eye: Three Novels (The Childlike Life of the Black Tarantula by the Black Tarantula - doi
  304. (1996). Ports of Entry: William S. Burroughs and the Arts. Afterword by
  305. (1981). Possessing Women. doi
  306. (1991). Postcards from the Posthuman Solar System. "
  307. (1991). Postmodernism, or The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. doi
  308. (1992). Postmodernism: A Reader.
  309. (1989). Postmodernist Culture: An Introduction to Theories of the Contemporary. doi
  310. (1992). Practising Postmodernism / Reading Modernism. doi
  311. (1993). Preacher of Death: The Shocking Inside Story of David Koresh and the Waco Siege. Harmondsworth: Signet-Penguin,
  312. Pretty Vacant"/ "No Fun. " doi
  313. (1970). Princess Margaret's Facelift: An Intersection of Fiction and Reality. " New Worlds
  314. (1967). Print My Money. "
  315. (1978). Project for a New Novel. "
  316. (1976). Prophecies and Discourses on Sexual Politics.
  317. (1984). Proposal for a Diacritics Colloquium on Nuclear Criticism. " doi
  318. (1974). Puritanism in America: New Culture in a New World. doi
  319. (1990). Purring into Transcendence': Pynchon's Puncutron Machine. " doi
  320. (1989). Pynchon, Paranoia, and Literature. " doi
  321. (1978). Pynchon: A Collection of Critical Essays. Englewood Cliffs (NJ):
  322. (1978). Pynchon: Creative Paranoia in "Gravity's Rainbow ". Port Washington: doi
  323. (1981). Pynchon: The Voice of Ambiguity. Urbana: U of Chicago P, doi
  324. (1976). Pynchon's Paranoid History. " Mindful Pleasures: Essays on Thomas Pynchon. Eds. George Levine and
  325. (1993). Pynchon's Poetics: Interfacing Theory and Text. Urbana: U of Illinois P, doi
  326. (1990). Pynchon's World and Its Legendary Past: Humor and the Absurd in a Twentieth-Century Vineland. " doi
  327. (1997). Questions and Answers. " Making Violence Sexy: Feminist Views on
  328. (1990). Racist Apocalypse: Millennialism on the Far Right. "
  329. (1984). Re/Search 8/9.
  330. Recollections of Burroughs Letters. " Letters to Allen Ginsberg: 1953-1957. Eds. Ron Padgett and Anne Waldman.
  331. (1984). Reflections on "The Name of the Rose". Trans. William Weaver.
  332. (1973). Regeneration Through Violence: The Mythology of the American Frontier, doi
  333. (1992). Repetition and the Construction of Character in Gravity's Rainbow. " doi
  334. (1978). Requiem For A Dream.
  335. (1988). Revelation: Its Grand Climax At Hand! NY: Watchtower Bible and Tract Society,
  336. (1983). Right-Wing Women: The Politics of Domesticated Females. doi
  337. (1975). Riviere, having slaughtered my mother, my sister, and my brother ... A Case doi
  338. (1975). Rpt. as Dark Secrets. St Albans: Triad/ PantherChatto, Godley Head & Cape,
  339. (1968). Salt of the Earth. " Beggar's Banquet.
  340. (1986). Samuel Beckett. Twayne's English Authors 423.
  341. (1981). Samuel Beckett's Real Silence. University Park: Pennsylvania State UP,
  342. (1960). San Francisco: Beach Books, Texts & Documents,
  343. (1988). Sauk City (WT): Arkham House,
  344. (1933). Science and Sanity: An Introduction to Non-Aristotelian Systems and General Semantics. doi
  345. (1990). Secker & doi
  346. (1985). Second Warning. Marlborough: Barry Smith Family Evangelism,
  347. (1985). Set the Trumpet to Thy Mouth.
  348. (1969). Sketches Among the Ruins of My Mind. An Exorcism: Ritual Two.
  349. (1993). Smith Family Evangelism,
  350. (1975). Snack ... Two Tape Transcripts. London: Aloes,
  351. (1967). So Who Owns Death TV? San Francisco: Beach Books, Texts & Documents,
  352. (1961). Some of Your Blood.
  353. Some Words about Crash! doi
  354. (1989). Songs of a Dead Dreamer.
  355. (1971). Speculative Illustrations: Eduardo Paolozzi in Conversation with doi
  356. (1971). St Albans: Panther-Granada,
  357. (1965). St Albans: Triad/ Panther-Chatto,
  358. (1978). St Albans: Triad/Panther-Chatto,
  359. (1982). Starmont Reader's Guide 12. Mercer Island: Starmont House,
  360. (1985). Starmont Reader's Guide 26. Mercer Island: Starmont,
  361. (1978). Success in America: A Literary Debate. doi
  362. (1995). Surviving the End: Apocalypse, Evolution, and Entropy doi
  363. (1995). Tales of Terror from 'Blackwood's Magazine'. doi
  364. (1980). Tales of the Marvellous and the Ridiculous. "
  365. (1982). Terminal Visions: The Literature of Last Things. doi
  366. (1992). Terre Haute & Greencastle: doi
  367. The "Priest" They Called Him.
  368. (1985). The Adding Machine: Collected Essays.
  369. (1987). The Age of Sex Crime. doi
  370. The Android and the Human. " The Dark Haired Girl.
  371. (1989). The Anorexic Ruins. " Trans. David Antal. Looking Back on the End of the World.
  372. (1973). The Apocalypse in Literature. "
  373. The Apocalyptic Meaning of History. " The Apocalyptic Vision
  374. (1965). The Ardennes: Battle of the Bulge. United States Army in World War II: The European Theater of Operations. Washington
  375. (1989). The Art of Darkness.
  376. (1984). The Art of Fiction LXXXV:
  377. (1965). The Art of Fiction XXXVI: An Interview with William Burroughs. "
  378. The Assassination of John Fitzgerald Kennedy Considered as a Downhill Motor Race. "
  379. The Assassination Weapon. "
  380. (1970). The Atrocity Exhibition.
  381. The Atrocity Exhibition. " doi
  382. (1990). The Atrocity Exhibition. Annotated
  383. (1984). The Bang and The Whimper: Apocalypse and Entropy in American Literature. doi
  384. (1977). The Best Science Fiction of
  385. (1988). The Big Nowhere.
  386. (1993). The Black Hole of Guyana - The Untold Story of the Jonestown Massacre. " Secret and Suppressed: Banned Ideas
  387. (1983). The Burning Book. doi
  388. (1964). The Burning World. doi
  389. (1984). The Burroughs File. San Francisco: City Lights,
  390. The Call to Chaos: From Adam to Atom by Way
  391. (1997). The Case for Savonrola Gets a New Hearing. "
  392. (1992). The Cat Inside. doi
  393. (1984). The Category of Time in
  394. (1981). The Central Verbal System: The Prose of William Burroughs. "
  395. (1996). The Chapman Bros.: When Will I Be Famous. "
  396. (1987). The Christian Right, Zionism, and the Coming of the Penteholocaust. " Apocalypse Culture.
  397. (1955). The Chrysalids. doi
  398. (1963). The Colour Out of Space and Others.
  399. The Coming of the Unconscious. " doi
  400. (1989). The Condition of Postmodernity: An Enquiry into the Origins of Social Change. doi
  401. (1996). The Conquest of the Irrational. " The Secret Life of Salvador Dali. doi
  402. (1978). The Crime and Punishment of I. doi
  403. (1979). The Crying of Lot 49.1966. doi
  404. (1966). The Crystal World.
  405. (1996). The Cult at the End of the World: The Incredible Story of Aum.
  406. (1982). The Dark Country.
  407. (1989). The Dark Half. doi
  408. (1987). The Day of Creation.
  409. (1967). The Day of Forever. doi
  410. The Day of the Locust. " The Collected Works.
  411. (1963). The Death of a President:
  412. (1956). The Death of Grass.
  413. (1977). The Death of the Author. " Image-Music-Text.
  414. (1926). The Decline of the West: Complete in One Volume. doi
  415. (1974). The Destruction of the Temple.
  416. The Development of America's Sense of Mission. " The Apocalyptic Vision
  417. (1981). The Divine Invasion.
  418. (1986). The Doctor is on the Market. LP Record. Les Temp Modernes, V: XX,
  419. (1971). The Doom that Came to Sarnath and
  420. (1992). The Dream at the End of the World: Paul Bowles and the Literary Renegades in Tangier. doi
  421. (1978). The Dream Quest of
  422. (1962). The Drowned World.
  423. (1996). The Dying Fall. "
  424. (1995). The End of My War. " Sunday Times.
  425. (1973). The End of the Body: Radical Space in Burroughs. " The Incarnate Word: Literature as Verbal Space. Urbana: U of Illinois P, doi
  426. (1997). The End of Time: Faith and Fear
  427. (1983). The Entropy Exhibition: Michael Moorcock and the British 'New Wave' doi
  428. (1974). The Ethics of Genetic Control: Ending Reproductive Roulette. '. QTY: Anchor-Doubleday, doi
  429. (1960). The Exterminator. doi
  430. The Faerie Queene - doi
  431. (1971). The Falling Astronauts.
  432. (1988). The Fictional Labyrinths of Thomas Pynchon. Iowa City: U of Iowa P, doi
  433. (1983). The Final Frontier: The Rise and Fall of the American Rocket State.
  434. (1976). The First Twenty Years. Hayes: Bran's Head,
  435. (1984). The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse. Illus. Christof Kohlhofer.
  436. (1963). The Four-Dimensional Nightmare.
  437. (1977). The Future of the Future. " doi
  438. (1973). The Garden and the Map: Schizophrenia in Twentieth-Century Literature and Culture. Urbana: U of Illinois P, doi
  439. (1968). The Generations of America. "
  440. (1990). The Genocidal Mentality: Nazi Holocaust and Nuclear Threat. doi
  441. (1990). The Gnostic Pynchon. doi
  442. (1994). The Good Ship Venus: The Erotic Voyages of Olympia Press.
  443. (1968). The Great American Nude. "
  444. (1926). The Great Gatsby. doi
  445. (1978). The Grim Phoenix: Reconstructing Thomas Pynchon. doi
  446. (1985). The Hidden Script: Writing and the Unconscious.
  447. (1964). The Hiroshima Pilot.
  448. (1965). The History of Surrealism. Trans. Richard Howard. doi
  449. (1973). The Hothouse by the East River.
  450. (1995). The House that Jencks Built. "
  451. (1950). The Human Use of Human Beings. doi
  452. (1988). The Humour of Samuel Beckett.
  453. (1994). The Illusion of the End. doi
  454. (1968). The Image of the Beast. An Exorcism: Ritual One.
  455. (1992). The Imaginary Universe of Umberto Eco: A Reading of Foucault's Pendulum. " doi
  456. (1966). The Imagination of Disaster. " Against Interpretation and Other Essays.
  457. (1981). The Imagination on Trial: British and American Writers Discuss their Working Methods. Ed. Alan Burns and Charles Sugnet. London: Allison and Busby,
  458. The Innocent as Paranoid. "
  459. (1966). The Invisible Generation. "
  460. (1993). The Invisible Man: The Life and Liberties
  461. (1976). The Invisible Years: A Series of Apocalytic Texts written for Ambit by Varying Hands. " Illus. Ronald Sandford. Ambit
  462. (1896). The Island of Doctor Moreau. doi
  463. (1952). The Killer Inside Me. " 4 Novels.
  464. (1991). The Kindness of Women.
  465. (1970). The Last Words of Dutch Schultz: A Fiction in the Form of a Film Script.
  466. (1957). The Letters of William S.
  467. (1983). The Limits of Intertextuality: Barthes,
  468. (1982). The Literature of Exhaustion and The Literature of Replenishment.
  469. (1967). The Literature of Exhaustion. "
  470. (1980). The Literature of Replenishment. "
  471. (1976). The Lives and Times of Jerry Cornelius.
  472. (1972). The Lost Ones.
  473. (1971). The Lurking Fear and Other Stories.
  474. (1986). The Making of the Atomic Bomb. doi
  475. (1980). The Man Who Was
  476. (1988). The Manson File: The Unexpurgated Charles Manson as Revealed
  477. (1964). The Mare's Nest. doi
  478. (1992). The Message from Mars. "
  479. (1983). The Metamorphic Vision
  480. (1957). The Midwich Cuckoos.
  481. (1984). The Minimal Self. Psychic Survival in Troubled Times. doi
  482. (1986). The Moronic Inferno and Other Visits to America.
  483. (1985). The Mother Machine: Reproductive Technologies from Artificial Insemination to Artificial Wombs. doi
  484. (1959). The Naked Lunch. doi
  485. (1995). The Naked Lunch. 3-CD Set. Warner Audio Video Entertainment,
  486. (1983). The Name of the Rose. Trans. William Weaver. doi
  487. (1966). The New Demonology. "
  488. (1988). The New Encyclopedia of Science Fiction.
  489. (1981). The New Jeremiad: Gravity's Rainbow ." Critical Essays on Thomas Pynchon. Ed. Richard Pearce.
  490. (1982). The New Money System 666.
  491. (1969). The New Science Fiction. " The New S. F.: An Original Anthology of Modern Speculative Fiction. Ed. Langdon Jones.
  492. (1980). The New Womans Broken Heart: Short Stories. East Palo Alto (CA): Frog In The Well,
  493. (1986). The Night Dream and the Glimmer of Light:
  494. (1984). The Novels of doi
  495. (1961). The Old Man of the Mountains. " Secret Societies.
  496. (1967). The Overloaded Man.
  497. (1989). The Paradise Motel.
  498. The Passion Considered as an Uphill Bicycle Race. " Selected Works of Alfred Jarry. Ed. Roger Shattuck and Simon Watson Taylor. doi
  499. (1992). The Persian Gulf TV War. doi
  500. (1983). The Place of Dead Roads. doi
  501. (1991). The Poetics of Postmodern Subversion: The Politics of Writing in William S. Burroughs's The Western Lands. " doi
  502. (1985). The Poetry of the Forties.
  503. (1967). The Politics of Experience and The Bird of Paradise.
  504. The Popling. "
  505. (1987). The Postmodern Anus: Parody and Utopia in Two Recent Novels by William Burroughs. " doi
  506. (1993). The Postmodern Labyrinths of Lot 49. " doi
  507. (1982). The Profession of Science Fiction 26: From Shanghai to Shepperton. "
  508. (1953). The Quest and the Question: Cosmology and Myth in the Work of doi
  509. The Quest for an Ontological Eden. "
  510. (1973). The Rachel Papers.
  511. (1933). The Racial State: doi
  512. (1967). The Recognition. " Dangerous Visions 3. Ed. Harlan Ellison.
  513. (1972). The Rediscovery of Apocalyptic. Trans. Margaret Kohl.
  514. (1995). The Rocket and the Reich: Peenemünde and the Coming of the Ballistic Missile Era. doi
  515. (1979). The Rocket Team. Intro. Wernher von Braun. doi
  516. (1973). The Ruins of Earth.
  517. (1978). The Sad Case of Major Eatherly. "
  518. (1975). The Science-Fiction of William Burroughs. " Caliban: Annales de L'Universitie de
  519. (1979). The Second Coming: Popular Millenarianism 1780-1850. doi
  520. The Secret Autobiography doi
  521. (1949). The Secret Life of Salvador Dali. doi
  522. (1967). The Sense of an Ending: Studies in the Theory of Fiction. doi
  523. (1936). The Sexual Revolution. doi
  524. (1991). The SF of Theory: Baudrillard and Haraway. "
  525. (1933). The Shape of Things to Come: The Ultimate Revolution. doi
  526. (1939). The Short Fiction of
  527. (1956). The Shrinking Man.
  528. (1972). The Side-Effects of Orthonovin G. "
  529. (1951). The Silver Locusts.
  530. (1960). the Sixties: English Literature and its Background, doi
  531. (1985). The Soft Machine: Cybernetic Fiction. doi
  532. (1961). The Soft Machine. doi
  533. (1978). The Stand: The Complete and Uncut Edition.
  534. (1994). The Starry Wisdom: A Tribute
  535. (1973). The Stars My Detestation: Yesterday and Tomorrow. " Billion Year Spree: The History of Science Fiction.
  536. (1983). The Stories of Ray Bradbury: Volume 1.1981.
  537. (1886). The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. doi
  538. (1963). The Strength to Dream: Literature and the Imagination.
  539. (1963). The Subliminal Man. "
  540. (1963). The Subtracting Machine: The Work of William Burroughs. " doi
  541. (1986). The Suicides of the Temple. " Faith in Fakes.
  542. (1969). The Summer Cannibals. "
  543. (1988). The Superweapon and the American Imagination. NY: Oxford UP, doi
  544. (1964). The Terminal Beach. "
  545. (1978). The Third Mind. doi
  546. (1969). The Thousand Wounds and Flowers. "
  547. (1965). The Three Stigmata of Palmer Eldritch.
  548. (1985). The Ticket That Exploded. 1962.2nd ed.
  549. (1988). The Tragedy of King Lear: The Folio Text. " 1623. William Shakespeare: The Complete Works (Compact Edition). Eds. Stanley Wells and Gary Taylor. doi
  550. (1986). The Tragic Myth of Millet's Angelus: Paranoiac-Critical Interpretation, including The Myth of William Tell.
  551. (1982). The Transmigration of Timothy Archer.
  552. (1993). The Transparency of Evil: Essays on Extreme Phenomena. doi
  553. (1968). The University of Death. " Transatlantic Review
  554. (1979). The Unlimited Dream Company.
  555. (1988). The Unresolvable Plot: Reading Contemporary Fiction. doi
  556. (1980). The Venus Hunters. St Albans:
  557. (1993). The Virtual Subject in Postmodern Science Fiction. doi
  558. (1962). The Voices of Time and Other Stories.
  559. (1960). The Voices of Time. "
  560. (1908). The War in the Air.
  561. (1996). The Widest Windows onto the New: A Tribute to Judith Mer°ril. "
  562. (1962). The Wind from Nowhere. doi
  563. (1962). The World in Winter.
  564. (1956). The World Jones Made.
  565. (1914). The World Set Free.
  566. (1972). The World Turned Upside Down: Radical Ideas during the English Revolution. doi
  567. (1990). The Writing of Nathanael West. doi
  568. (1963). The Yage Letters.
  569. The Year 2000 Has Already Happened. " Body Invaders: Sexuality and the Postmodern Condition. Eds. Arthur Kroker and Marilouise Kroker. doi
  570. (1967). The Zap Gun.
  571. (1985). Theory and History of Literature 14. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P,
  572. (1985). Theory and History of Literature 16. doi
  573. (1990). Theory, and Perception in Vineland. " doi
  574. (1984). There are No Nightmares at the Ritz: An Exploration of The Drowned World. "
  575. (1957). They Come from Inner Space. " Thoughts in the Wilderness.
  576. (1996). They Shot Well, Didn't They! " The Troubles: Ireland's Ordeal 1966-1996 and the Search for Peace. doi
  577. (1990). Thomas Pynchon at Twenty-Two: A Rediscovered Autobiographical Sketch. " doi
  578. (1990). Thomas Pynchon: Allusive Parables of Power. doi
  579. (1992). Thomas Pynchon. Twayne's United States Authors 607.
  580. (1980). Thrust:
  581. Tim/Kerr, doi
  582. (1994). Time Out of Mind. "
  583. (1989). To the High Castle: Philip K. Dick -A Life, 1928-1962. Long Beach: Fragments
  584. Tolerances of the Human Face. "
  585. (1990). Too Scared to Cry: Psychic Trauma in Childhood. doi
  586. (1970). Topical Writings and Interviews.
  587. (1972). Toward a New Earth: Apocalypse in the American Novel. Notre Dame: U of Notre Dame, doi
  588. (1980). Transatlantic Extensions: Apocalyptic in Early New England. " The Apocalypse in English Renaissance Thought and Literature: Patterns, Antecedents
  589. (1993). Turning Rape into Pornography: Postmodern Genocide. " Mass Rape: The War against Women in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Ed. Alexandra Stiglmayer.
  590. (1985). Twayne's United States Authors 438.
  591. (1986). Twayne's United States Authors 504.
  592. (1989). Twayne's United States Authors 549.
  593. (1990). Twenty-Five Years of Drowning: Mapping
  594. (1990). Two Essays [Simulacra and Science Fiction / Ballard's Crash]. " Trans.
  595. (1985). Umberto Eco's Revelation: The Name of the Rose. " doi
  596. (1989). Uncommon Cultures: Popular Culture and Post-Modernism. doi
  597. (1996). Under the Sign of Angelus. " Salvador Dali's Art and Writing, 1927-1942: The Metamorphoses of Narcissus. doi
  598. (1988). Underground: The London Alternative
  599. (1986). Understanding Thomas Pynchon. Columbia: U of South Carolina P,
  600. Use Your Vagina. "
  601. (1945). V-2 Rocket Attacks and Defense. Report of the General Board, United States Forces, European Theater,
  602. (1988). Views from Above, Views from Below: The Perspectival Subtext in Gravity's Rainbow. " doi
  603. (1983). Visionaries and their Apocalypses. doi
  604. (1996). Visionary Fictions: Apocalyptic Writing from Blake to the Modern Age. New Haven: Yale UP,
  605. Visions of Excess: Selected Writings, doi
  606. Visions of Hell. "
  607. (1979). Visions of the End: Apocalyptic Traditions in the Middle Ages. Records of Civilization: Sources and Studies 96. NY: Columbia UP,
  608. (1966). Voices Prophesying War 1763-1984. doi
  609. (1966). Wait for Last Year. doi
  610. Waiting for the End: The Social Context of American Apocalyptic Literature. " The Apocalyptic Vision
  611. Waiting for the Silver Coconuts. " Shots From The Hip.
  612. (1968). Want to Fuck Ronald Reagan. " Brighton: Unicorn Bookshop,
  613. (1984). Warday and the Journey Outward. London: Hodder &
  614. (1987). We Are The Survivors. " Phoenix From The Ashes: The Literature of the Remade World. Contributions to the Study of Science Fiction and Fantasy
  615. (1978). Wedding Preparations in the Country and Other Stories. Trans. Ernst Kaiser, et al.
  616. (1979). What Are We To Make of
  617. (1997). What Wild Ecstasy: The Rise and Fall of the Sexual Revolution. doi
  618. (1962). Which Way To Inner Space? "
  619. (1990). Who Was Saved? ' Families, Snitches and Recuperation in Pynchon's Vineland. " doi
  620. (1995). Why Waco?: Cults and the Battle for Religious Freedom in America. Berkeley: U of California P, doi
  621. (1992). William Burroughs: El Hombre Invisible. doi
  622. (1977). William Burroughs: The Algebra of Need. London: Marion Boyars, doi
  623. (1979). William Burroughs' Quartet of Science Fiction Novels as Dystopian Social Satire. "
  624. (1981). With William Burroughs: A Report from the Bunker.
  625. (1974). Woman Hating. doi
  626. (1991). Wordsworth in Space. "
  627. (1974). Writers For The Seventies. NY: Warner Paperback Library,
  628. (1989). Writing the Apocalypse: Historical Vision in Contemporary U. S. and Latin American Fiction. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, doi
  629. (1969). Zoline, Pamela. "The Heat Death of The Universe. " New Worlds: An Anthology.

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.