Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Isaac Cruikshank and the Notion of British Liberty

By James Baker


This is a history of communication, specifically those communications found in past (imagined) communities which augmented, shaped and renegotiated shared culture. This culture, perceptible during the late Georgian era in public forms such as books, pamphlets, prints, performance, architecture, paintings and a wide range of ephemeral material, positions itself inextricably within the visual imagination. This then is also a history of visual communicative cultures, of the various shapes and forms that occupied the ocular registers of past peoples. Graphic satire was one of these contemporary visual forms and it is therefore a task of this thesis to place this printed single-sheet medium within the lives and cultural perception of late-eighteenth and early-nineteenth century Britons; specifically, due to where these satires were published, Londoners. Like all historical sources, graphic satires present specific challenges. They were publicly facing compositions designed to shock and provoke; outwardly packed with sex, titillation, violence and prurient curiosity, framed by lewd, deliciously vicious and bawdy narratives, and set against the dirt and grime of London's streets.\ud Hence satirical prints were as much an aspect of rude culture as visual culture, yet this does not mean they had nothing serious or important to say. Indeed one of the major thematic agendas of graphic satire in this period concerned notions of British liberty. It is therefore the central task of this thesis to unpick how and why this medium represented libertarian values in the way it did

Topics: DA
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (2008). 1789: the Threshold of the Modern Age (London, doi
  2. (1968). 345 Hone, William, The third trial of William Hone, on an ex-officio information at Guildhall,
  3. (1898). A Catalogue of the Works Illustrated by George Cruikshank and Isaac and Robert Cruikshank in the library of Harry Elkins Widener
  4. (1984). A Checlist of Catalogues of British Print Publishers c. 1650-1840',
  5. (1871). A Descriptive Catalogue of the works of George Cruikshank. Etchings, Woodcuts, Lithographs, and Glyphographs, with a list of books illustrated by him. 2 vols.
  6. A Dictionary of the Slang and Cant Languages (London,
  7. (1933). A Frenchman in England
  8. (1877). A History of Richmond New Park, with a map illustrating the encroachments, and oter amps. Being a second and revised edition of “A Ramble Through Richmond Park”. By a resident (London,
  9. (1937). A History of Richmond Park. With an account of its Birds and Animals (London, doi
  10. (1982). A Human Comedy: physiognomy and caricature in nineteenth-century doi
  11. (1954). A Jewish Iconography
  12. A Journey Made in the Summer of 1794, through Holland and the Western Frontier of Germany (London,
  13. A List of the Livery of London, alphabetically arranged under their several Wards, districts, and other places of reidence.
  14. (1993). A Locke Dictionary doi
  15. A Memoir of Thomas Bewick, written by himself (London, doi
  16. A peep into W----- castle, after the lost mutton (London,
  17. A Political
  18. (1809). A Satirical View of London (4 th edition.
  19. (1809). A Satirical View of London (4th edition.
  20. (1804). A Satirical View of London; or, a descriptive sketch of the English metropolis: with strictures on men and manners (3 rd edition.
  21. (1804). A Satirical View of London; or, a descriptive sketch of the English metropolis: with strictures on men and manners (3rd edition.
  22. (2002). A Sentimental Journey Through France and doi
  23. (2010). A Trial for the Patience of Reason?' Grand Tourists and Anti-Catholicism after 1745, doi
  24. (1983). Ackermann 1783-1983: the business of art (London,
  25. Add 40120 f91, Fores to Hone (1818). Add 40120 f2, The Contrast by William Hone
  26. Alexander, Songs, Comic, and Satyrical (London,
  27. (1997). Allies in the Promised Land: Reflections on the Irish and Jews in the East End',
  28. (1968). An American in Regency England: The Journal of a Tour
  29. An appeal to the public: in behalf of Elizabeth Canning (London,
  30. An Historical Sketch of the Art of Caricaturing. With graphic illustrations (London, 1813). Meister, Jacques-Henri, Letters Written During a Residence in England: Containing Many Curious Remarks Upon English Manners and Customs,
  31. (1999). An Introduction to Visual Culture (London, doi
  32. (2005). and Britishness in the Eighteenth Century', doi
  33. (1985). and Caricature: From Hogarth to Töpffer', doi
  34. (1986). and Caricatures”: the Satirical View',
  35. (1975). and expression: meaning in English art of the eighteenth century (London, doi
  36. (1979). and Polite Art in the Age of Hogarth and Fielding doi
  37. (1984). and the Revolution Controversy
  38. (1811). Anecdotes of the Manners and Customs of London from the Roman Invasion to the Year 1700, 2 nd edition, 3 vols.
  39. (1811). Anecdotes of the Manners and Customs of London from the Roman Invasion to the Year 1700, 2nd edition, 3 vols.
  40. (1993). Anti-Catholicism in eighteenth-century England, c. 1714-80: a political and social study doi
  41. (1995). Anti-Semitic Stereotypes: A Paradigm of Otherness in English Popular Culture, doi
  42. (1990). Anticatholic Erotica in Eighteenth-century England',
  43. (1951). Antiquities of London and its Environs; by John Thomas Smith: dedicated to Sir James Winter Lake, Bar F.S.A. Containing views of Houses, Monuments, Statues, and oter curious remains of Antiquity; engraved from the original subjects and from
  44. (1989). Archives of the Dance: Early Dance Holdings of the Theatre Museum, London', Dance Research: doi
  45. (2006). Art in a Cool Climate: The Cultural Policy of the British State doi
  46. (1988). Article: Seeing the Past', doi
  47. (1982). Artists London (London,
  48. (1988). asan Khān, Ḥ A Persian at the Court of King George,
  49. (1838). Ashville, The writings of Charles Dickens
  50. (2009). Baroque: Magnificence and Style (London, doi
  51. (1972). Before the Bawdy Court: selections from church court and other research relating to the correction of moral offences
  52. (1994). Bourgeois Collectivism? Urban Association and the Middling Sort',
  53. (2000). Britain and the French Revolution doi
  54. (2001). Britannia roused : political caricature and the fall of the Fox-North coalition',
  55. (2000). British Clubs and Societies 1580-1800: The Origins of an Associated World doi
  56. (2007). British Perceptions of Florence in the long-Eighteenth Century', doi
  57. (2006). British radicalism and the anti-Jacobins', doi
  58. (1997). British Satire and the Politics of Style: 1789-1832 doi
  59. (1992). Britons : forging the nation, doi
  60. (2004). Burke and the Conspiratorial Origins of the French Revolution: some Anglo-French resemblences',
  61. (1983). Calumny and caricatura': eighteenth-century political prints and the case of George Townshend', doi
  62. (2008). Caricature anglaises (1789 – 1815): Face à la Revolution et l'Empire (Musee Carnavlet, 354
  63. (2009). Changes to keep', Times Literary Supplement,
  64. (2009). Character or caricature? Depicting sentimentalism and Richard Newton's illustrations of Laurence Sterne's A Sentimental Journey', doi
  65. (1992). Charges to the Grand doi
  66. (2006). City of laughter: sex and satire in eighteenth-century London doi
  67. (1814). City Scenes or A Peep into London for Children (London,
  68. (1993). Commoners: common right, enclosure and social change in England, 1700-1820 doi
  69. (2007). Company Rules: Burke, Hastings, and the spectre of the modern liberal state', doi
  70. (1990). Consumers and Spectators: The Public of the Political Print in EighteenthCentury England', doi
  71. (1983). Conventions of Georgian Caricature', doi
  72. (1999). Conversations with Malthus', History Today,
  73. (1969). County of London: population changes,
  74. (1600). Crime and the Law in English Satirical Prints,
  75. (1924). Cruikshank: A Catalogue Raisonné of the Work Executed During the Years 1806-1877, with Collations, Notes, Approximate Values, Facsimiles, and Illustrations (London,
  76. (1968). Cruikshank's Drawings for Drolls
  77. (1991). Customs in Common (London, doi
  78. (2008). Dead Pets: satire and sentiment in British elegies and epitaphs for animals', doi
  79. (2008). Deception and Detection in Eighteenth-century Britain (Ashgate, doi
  80. Declaration of Merchants, Bankers, Traders and Other Inhabitants of London made at Grocers Hall, December 2 nd, 1795, with a list of the names and places of abode of the Subscribers 342 thereafter, alphabetically arranged (London,
  81. Declaration of Merchants, Bankers, Traders and Other Inhabitants of London made at Grocers Hall, December 2nd, 1795, with a list of the names and places of abode of the Subscribers 342 thereafter, alphabetically arranged (London,
  82. (1040). Deputy Dumpling and Family': Satirical Images of the City Merchant in EighteenthCentury England', The Burlington Magazine,
  83. Despatches from Paris 1784-1790: selected and edited from the Foreign Office Correspondence
  84. Despatches from Paris 1784-1790: selected and edited from the Foreign Office Correspondence,
  85. Diary of a Tour Through Great Britain
  86. (2008). Dickens, and the Making of an Urban Aesthetic', Representations, doi
  87. (2007). Dimensions of Illiteracy in England, 1750-1850',
  88. (2007). Disorder: the age of Cant, doi
  89. (2009). Domestic Affairs: Intimacy, Eroticism, doi
  90. (1993). Dr Johnson and Mr doi
  91. (2000). Drawings in the Huntington Collections', Master Drawings, doi
  92. (2009). Early French Caricature (1795-1830) and English Influence', doi
  93. (1988). Early Journals and Letters of Fanny Burney, doi
  94. (2000). Ecclesiastical Legislation During the Ministry of the Younger Pitt, 1783-1801', Parliamentary History doi
  95. (1950). Eighteenth-century views of the ballad', doi
  96. (2009). Emotional Display and National Identity', doi
  97. (2007). Europe and the Making of England, doi
  98. (1970). Evelina, or, The history of a young lady's entrance into the world doi
  99. (2009). Evolving Images: Photograhy, Race and Popular Darwinism',
  100. (2001). Eyewtinessing: the use of images as historical evidence (London,
  101. (2002). Facts or Fragments? Visual Histories in the age of Mechanical Reproduction', doi
  102. (2006). Farming Letters, doi
  103. (1999). Faro's daughters": female gamesters, politics, and the discourse of finance in 1790s Britain', doi
  104. (1966). Fashionable contrasts: caricatures by James Gillray
  105. (2009). Fashioning the Legal Subject Narratives from the London Treason Trials of 1794', doi
  106. (2008). Few Words about “The System of Comics” and More...', doi
  107. (1959). Five Hundred years of printing (London, doi
  108. (2002). Followers of Fashion: graphic satires from the Georgian period (London,
  109. (1986). Gender: A Useful Category of Historical Analysis', doi
  110. (1909). George Canning and his Friends: containing hitherto unpublished letters, jeu d-esprit, etc., 2 vols. doi
  111. (1990). George III and the Satirists from Hogarth to Byron doi
  112. (2001). George IV and Posterity',
  113. (2001). Glorious causes : the grand theatre of political change, 1789 to 1833
  114. (1996). Gothic Images of race in nineteenth-century doi
  115. (2006). Gulliver and the Lives of Animals',
  116. (1726). Gulliver's Travels doi
  117. (1993). Hanging the head: portraiture and social formation in eighteenth-century England (New Haven, doi
  118. (2008). History in Revolution? Approaches to the Ancient World in the Long Eighteenth Century',
  119. (1912). Hone his life and times (London,
  120. (2007). Humour, Spectacle and every-Day Life: Pictorial Comedy in London and Paris, 1830-50'
  121. (2008). I rest your loving obedient wife: marital relationships in Scotland 1650-1850' (University of Glasgow PhD thesis,
  122. (1986). Iconology: Image, doi
  123. (2000). Identified: Manners and Character, doi
  124. (1991). Ideology and genre in the British Antirevolutionary drama of the 1790s', ELH, 58:3 (Autumn, doi
  125. (2006). Ideology and the origins of social science', doi
  126. (2002). III: An Essay in Monarchy (Basingstoke,
  127. (2000). Illegitimate Theatre in London, doi
  128. (2008). Image Matters', doi
  129. (1991). Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism (revised edition, doi
  130. (2004). Imagining London, doi
  131. (2006). Imagining the Gallery: the social body of British romanticism doi
  132. (2000). Imagining the King's Death: Figurative Treason, Fantasies of Regicide, doi
  133. (1995). Imagining the Middle Class: the political representation of class in Britain, doi
  134. (1953). in transition: life and work in the 18th century (London,
  135. (2006). Infamous commerce : prostitution in eighteenth-century British literature and culture (London, doi
  136. (2006). Insinuation and Instruction: public opinion in Eighteenth-Century 'Letters to the Printer'', David Adams and
  137. (2006). Introduction: Concepts of Order in the Eighteenth Century – their scope and their frailties',
  138. (1967). Isaac Cruikshank: A Catalogue Raisonne by E.
  139. (1966). Isaac Cruikshank: a catalogue raisonne with a sketch of his life and work
  140. (1928). Isaac Cruikshank', The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs 52:301
  141. (1992). John Bull and the Iconography of Public Opinion in England c. doi
  142. (2006). John Bull in a Dream: fear and fantasy in the visual satires of 1803,
  143. (2008). Johnson and the Walkable City', doi
  144. (1942). Johnson: a liberal publisher doi
  145. (2009). Johnson’s Lives' (British Society for
  146. (1999). Joseph Banks and the English Enlightenment: useful knowledge and polite culture doi
  147. (1983). L'Âge d'or de la caricature anglaise (Paris, doi
  148. (2009). Leisure and pleasure in London society, 1760-1820: an agent-centred account' (University of Oxford DPhil thesis,
  149. (2006). Leonardo da doi
  150. (1957). Letters of a Russian Traveller 1789-1790. An Account of a Young Russian Gentleman's Tour through doi
  151. Libel and Satire in the Eighteenth Century', doi
  152. (2005). Litigation and English Tabloid Journalism: doi
  153. (1805). London being an accurate History and Description of the British Metropolis; and its Neighbourhood to Thirty Miles extent. From an actual preambulation. 2 vols.
  154. (1989). London Debating Societies in the 1790s', doi
  155. (1994). London Debating Societies, doi
  156. (1997). London: the promised land?
  157. (1973). Lords and Wicked Libellers: satire and protest,
  158. (1798). Loyalism and Radicalism in Lancashire, doi
  159. (2005). Loyalist Propaganda and the Scandalous Life of Tom Paine: 'Hypocritical Monster!'', doi
  160. (2007). Loyalists, and the Royal Jubilee of 1809', doi
  161. (2005). Luxury and pleasure in eighteenth-century Britain doi
  162. (2000). Making a Monster: socializing sexuality and the Monster of 1790',
  163. (2000). Making Hogarth Heritage', doi
  164. (2005). Making national heroes? A survey of the social and political functions and meanings of major British funeral monuments to naval and military figures, 1730-70',
  165. (1999). Making up for Lost Time', History Today,
  166. (1968). Man verses Society in Eighteenth-Century Britain doi
  167. (2006). Man's animal nature : science, art, and satire in Thomas Rowlandson's "Studies in Comparative Anatomy"',
  168. Manuscript Sources Guildhall Library The State Lotteries of Great Britain,
  169. (2004). Masculinity, Anti-Semitism and Early Modern English Literature: From the Satanic to the Effeminate Jew (Ashgate, doi
  170. (1971). Meditations on a hobby horse: and other essays on the theory of art (London, doi
  171. (2000). Memoirs of King doi
  172. (1856). Memoirs of Mrs. doi
  173. (1982). Mixed Feelings: the Englishtenment and sexuality in eighteenth-century Britain',
  174. Moutard, Eccentric Excursions: or, literary & pictorial sketches of countenance (Allen
  175. (2003). Mrs Thrale: a constant anxiety about health’, The Tyranny of Treatment: Samuel Johnson, his friends and Georgian medicine
  176. (1951). Mrs. Jordan and Her Family: Being the Unpublished Correspondence of Mrs. Jordan and the Duke of Clarence,
  177. (1980). Murders and Moralities: English catchpenny prints 1800-1860
  178. (2004). Napoleon and the British doi
  179. (1991). Napoleonic Caricature and Romantic Allegory', doi
  180. (2009). Napoleonic Wars in Cartoons (London,
  181. (2008). Neuroarthistory: From Aristotle and Pliny to Baxandall and Zeki (Yale, doi
  182. (2000). New Drawing Book, Comprising Groups of Figures, Cattle, and other Animals, for the embellishment of Landscapes, Designed and Engraved
  183. (2008). Notorious Celebrity: Mary Wells, Theatricality, and Madness', Eighteenth-Century Women:
  184. (1999). Observed: the earliest account of his caricatures in London und Paris doi
  185. (1997). Of Dwarves, Perversion and Patriotism: Schubert's “Der Zwerg”', Nineteenth-Century Music, 21:2 (Autumn, doi
  186. (1988). of Liberty: 1688 and the shaping of modern
  187. (1992). of Society: Thomas Beddoes and the sick trade in late-enlightenment doi
  188. (1985). Other printed sources Anecdotes of William Hogarth, written by himself with essays on his life and genius, and criticisms of his works, selected from
  189. (1984). Our Execrable Banditti”: Perceptions of Nabobs doi
  190. (2002). Pacific Modernity: Theatre, Englishness and the Arts of Discovery, 1760-1800',
  191. (2003). Parliaments, nations and identities in Britain and Ireland, doi
  192. (1976). Personal Satire on the English Eighteenth-Century Stage', Eighteenth-Century Studies, doi
  193. (2008). Pictorial narrative as the art of crisis: purity, hybridity and representation', doi
  194. (1990). Pictures in a Revolution: recent publications on graphic art in France, 1789-1799', Eighteenth-Century Studies, doi
  195. (1984). Pictures to Print: the nineteenth-century engraving trade doi
  196. (2000). Pictures, Power and the Polity: a vision of the political image of the early Dutch Republic' (University of Southampton PhD thesis,
  197. (1998). Pills and Print',
  198. (1990). Playing at revolution: the politics of the O.P. riots of 1809',
  199. (1996). Pleasures in the Consumer Society',
  200. (2001). Politic: disease, death, and doctors in Britain, doi
  201. (2003). political caricature and national identity in late Georgian England (Ashgate, doi
  202. (1990). Politics and Morals: The Reformation of Manners Movement in later eighteenthcentury England', doi
  203. (2003). Politics and the Stage in the Age of Caricature',
  204. (1979). Politics in North-East of England in the later Eighteenth-century (Durham,
  205. (2005). Popular entertainment and instruction, literary and dramatic: chapbooks, advice 350 books, almanacs, ballads, farces, pantomimes, prints and shows', doi
  206. (1845). Posthumous memoirs of his own time
  207. (1995). Power and the Professions in Britain 1700-1850 doi
  208. (1990). Priestley Caricatured',
  209. (1971). Prints & People: a social history of printed pictures doi
  210. (1977). Property: political ideology in Eighteenth-century doi
  211. (2005). Protestant Nations Redefined: changing perceptions of national identity in the rhetoric of the English, Dutch and Swedish public churches, doi
  212. (2006). Public Reputation and Image Control in Late-Eighteenth-Century Britain',
  213. (2009). Publishing the Raphael Cartoons and the rise of art-historical consciousness in England, 1707-1764', doi
  214. (2004). Purchasing Power: Representing Prostitution in Eighteenth-Century English Popular Culture doi
  215. (1994). Radical Satire and Print Culture, doi
  216. (2007). Raised Voices, Anger, and Liberty in the Later Eighteenth Century', EighteenthCentury Life, doi
  217. (1995). Rakes and Rogues: Amatory, Merry and Bawdy Verse from 1580 to 1830
  218. (1996). Reading popular prints, doi
  219. (2000). Reassessing the Reputation of Thomas Tegg, 1776-1846', doi
  220. (1817). Records of the Sun Fire Office,
  221. (1968). Reflections on the Revolution doi
  222. (1968). Reflections on the Revolution in France, doi
  223. (1600). Religion in the Popular Prints, doi
  224. (1993). Religious identities in Lancashire', in John Walsh, Colin Haydon and Stephen Taylor (eds), The Church of England c. 1689 – c. 1833: From Toleration to Tractarianism (Cambridge, doi
  225. Remarks on the Cause of the Dispute between the Public and Managers of the Theatre Royal, Covent Garden: with a circumstantial account of the week's performances, and the uproar (London,
  226. (1997). Representations of revolutionary women in political caricature', in Lisa Plummer Crafton (ed), The French Revolution debate in English literature and culture (Westport,
  227. (2009). Representations of Social Order in The Gentleman's Magazine, 1785-1815', EighteenthCentury Life, doi
  228. (2006). Resisting Napoleon: The British Response to the Threat of Invasion, doi
  229. (2003). Review Essay: Paradigms and Paranoia: how modern is the French Revolution?', doi
  230. (1993). Reviews of English Prints in German Journals',
  231. (1998). Richard Newton and English caricature in the 1790s doi
  232. (1999). Rights of doi
  233. (1987). Risk and Failure doi
  234. (1994). Romance and Revolution: Shelley and the politics of genre doi
  235. (2003). Romanticism, Publishing and Dissent: Joseph Johnson and the Cause of Liberty doi
  236. (2009). Romanticism: Aesthetics and Sexuality doi
  237. (1972). Rowlandson: A New Interpretation doi
  238. (1991). Rowlandson's Richmond: Thomas Rowlandson's drawings of Richmondupon-Thames (Richmond,
  239. Savilon's Elegies: or poems (London,
  240. (2004). Scandal: the sexual politics of the British constitution doi
  241. (1983). Selections from the Papers of the London Corresponding Society: doi
  242. (2008). Sex, Scandal, Satire, and Population in 1798: Revisiting Malthus's First Essay', doi
  243. (1989). Shakespearean Constitutions: Politics, Theatre, Criticism 1730-1830 doi
  244. (1773). She Stoops to Conquer doi
  245. (1954). Shenkin and Sawney: Being a Historical Study of the Earliest Irish, Welsh and Scottish Characters in English Plays
  246. (2007). Sociability and Theatre in Georgian London doi
  247. (1987). Socialism, radicalism and nostalgia: social criticism in Britain, doi
  248. (1854). Society for the Encouragement of Arts. Union of Institutions: list of lecturers and their subjects
  249. (1990). Society in the Eighteenth Century. Revised edition (London,
  250. Some Account of London. doi
  251. Some Account of London. 2nd edition (London, doi
  252. (1975). Some reasons for the growth of English rural anti-clericalism: doi
  253. (2008). Spectacles within doors': Panoramas of London in the 1790s', Romanticism, doi
  254. (2009). Spectropolitics of Romantic Infidelism: Cruikshank, Paine and The Age of Reason', doi
  255. (1983). Statement: the issue of caricature', doi
  256. T.98-1959, Furnishing Fabric c. 1806/7, printed by John Bury of Sabden. Novels/Plays/Poems Behn, Aphra, Love-letters between a nobleman and his sister (1684-7).
  257. (2008). Taking Stock of Taking Liberties: A Personal View by Linda Colley
  258. (2002). That Most Useful Part of All History, A Picture of Human Minds': Horace Walpole's Memoirs of the Reign of George III', doi
  259. (1978). The “Mob” in Eighteenth-Century English Caricature', doi
  260. (1996). The 1790s: “visions of unsullied bliss”,
  261. (2010). The Advantages of 'Demi-Naturalization': Mutual Perceptions of Britain and Italy in Hester Lynch Piozzi's Observations and Reflections Made in the Course of a Journey through France, Italy and Germany', doi
  262. (1996). The Age of Caricature: Satirical Prints in the Reign of George III doi
  263. (1962). The Age of Revolution: doi
  264. (1990). The Alien Office, 1792-1806', doi
  265. (1986). The American Revolution (Chadwyck-Healey, doi
  266. (1960). The Amiable Humorist doi
  267. (2006). The Art of Satire: London in caricature (London,
  268. (1972). The Autobiography of Francis Place, doi
  269. (1982). The Birth of a Consumer Society (London, doi
  270. (1996). The Birth of Romantic Radicalism: war, popular politics and English radical reformism, doi
  271. (2009). The British Industrial Revolution in Global Perspective doi
  272. (1998). The British Monarchy and the French Revolution (New Haven, doi
  273. (2003). The British Volunteer Movement, doi
  274. (2010). The Changing View of Rome in the Long Eighteenth Century', doi
  275. (2007). The Clerical Profession in the Long Eighteenth Century, doi
  276. (1986). The Common People and Politics 1750-1790s (Chadwyck-Healey,
  277. (2000). The Complexion of Race: Categories of Difference doi
  278. (1978). The Conditioned Imagination from Shakespeare to Conrad: Studies in the ExoCultural Stereotype (London ,
  279. (2011). The dark sketches of a revolution:" Gillray, The Anti-Jacobin Review, and the aesthetics of conspiracy', European Romantic Review (forthcoming doi
  280. (1982). The Decline of the Oral Tradition in Popular Culture',
  281. (2008). The design and printing of Ephemera
  282. (1979). The Diary of
  283. The Diary of the visits of John Yeoman to London
  284. The Diary of the visits of John Yeoman to London in the years 1774 and 1777,
  285. (1996). The Duke of York Affair (1809) and the Complexities of War-Time Patriotism', doi
  286. (1992). The Dundas Despotism doi
  287. (1973). The Early Comic Strip: narrative strips and picture stories in the European broadside from c. 1450 to 1825 doi
  288. (1976). The Eighteenth Century debate on the 'Glorious Revoluton'', History, doi
  289. (1965). The English Militia in the Eighteenth Century: the story of a political issue, doi
  290. (2006). The English National Character: The History of an Idea from Edmund Burke to Tony Blair (Yale, doi
  291. (2001). The English Press 1621-1861
  292. (1997). The English Print 1688-1802 doi
  293. (1986). The Englishman and the Foreigner (Chadwyck-Healey,
  294. (2004). The Eternal Paddy: Irish Identity and the British Press, doi
  295. (2008). The famous and infamous: Waxworks as retailers of renown', doi
  296. The Fashionable Court Guide, or town visiting directory for the year 1792. 2 nd edition (London,
  297. The female jockey club, or A sketch of the manners of the age, by the author of the former Jockey club (London,
  298. (1667). The Female Quixote, or, doi
  299. (1969). The First Industrial Nation: an economic history of Britain 1700-1914 doi
  300. The Foreigners Guide: or, a necessary and instructive companion. Both for the foreigner and native, in their tour through the cities of London and
  301. (1991). The Framented Ideology of Reform', doi
  302. The gentlewomans companion.
  303. (1974). The Georgian Political Print and Democratic Institutions', doi
  304. (1984). The Great Cat Massacre and Other Episodes in French Cultural History doi
  305. The Heraldry of Nature; or, Instructions for the King at Arms: Comprising, the Arms, Supporters, Crests, and Mottos,
  306. (1990). The Idea of Progress in eighteenth-century doi
  307. (2006). The Jew Bill of 1753: Masculinity, Virility, and the Nation', doi
  308. (1985). The Journal of Sir doi
  309. (1962). The Later Correspondence of George III: Published by Authority of Her Majesty doi
  310. (2005). The Laughter of Triumph: William Hone and the fight for the free press (London, doi
  311. (1991). The Letter Journal of George Canning, doi
  312. (2000). The Letters of Sir Joseph Banks: a selection, 1768-1820, doi
  313. (1979). The Letters of the Third Viscount Palmerstone to Larence and
  314. (1847). The Life and Corespondence of the Right Honble Henry Addington
  315. The Life and Correspondence of the Right Hon Henry Addington,
  316. (1819). The Life of the Right Honourable John Philpot Curran,
  317. (2007). The Liverpool Guide; including a sketch of the environs with a map of the town
  318. The London Cloubs, their anecdotes and history, private rules and regulations (London,
  319. (2008). The London Encyclopaedia (3rd ed.
  320. (2004). The London Mob: Violence and doi
  321. (1975). The Machiavellian Moment: Florentine political thought and the Atlantic republican tradition doi
  322. (1963). The Making of the English working class (London, doi
  323. (1978). The Man who drew the drunkard's daughter: the life and art of George Cruikshank,
  324. The Microcosm of London: Or London in Miniature (London, doi
  325. (1994). The Middling Sort in London',
  326. (1973). The Misfortunes of Lord Bute', doi
  327. (2008). The Most Disreputable Trade: Publishing the doi
  328. (1778). The Nabob doi
  329. (1678). The Pilgrim's doi
  330. (2008). The Pleasures of London (London,
  331. (1997). The Pleasures of the Imagination: doi
  332. (1999). The Popular Print in
  333. (1958). The Post Office in the Eighteenth Century: a study in administrative history (OUP, doi
  334. (2001). The Prince of Whales' : caricature, Charivari, and the politics of morality',
  335. (1993). The problem of literacy in early modern England', History doi
  336. The Relationship between Magistrates and their Communities ad the Decline of Paternalism, 1790-1834' (University of the West of England PhD thesis, forthcoming).
  337. The Reminiscences of Henry Angelo, doi
  338. (2004). The Revolution in Popular Literature: Print, Politics, and the People, doi
  339. (1997). The Rise of English Nationalism: a cultural history 1740-1830 doi
  340. (1791). The Romance of the Forest doi
  341. (1905). The Royal Academy of Arts: a complete dictionary of contribution (London,
  342. (1996). The Royal Family and Family Values in Late Eighteenth-Century England', doi
  343. The royal tour, and Weymouth amusements (1795).
  344. (2009). The Sartorial Self: Neoclassical Fashion and Gender Identity in France, 1797-1804' Eighteenth-Century Studies, doi
  345. (1976). The Satirical Engravings of James Gillray doi
  346. (2004). The Satirical Gaze: prints of women in late eighteenth-century doi
  347. (1989). The Search for the Picturesque: Landscape Aesthetics and Tourism in Britain, doi
  348. (2008). The Secret History of Almost Everything', doi
  349. (2005). The secret history of domesticity: public, private, and the division of knowledge doi
  350. (1993). The Self-Perpetuating National Self-Image: Cognitive Biases in doi
  351. (1989). The Shadow of the Guillotine: Britain and the French Revolution (London,
  352. (1989). The Sinews of Power: War, doi
  353. (2006). The Spirit of Despotism: doi
  354. (1999). The State and the Market in 1800: Lord Kenyon and Mr Waddington', doi
  355. (1986). The Survival of the British Monarchy', doi
  356. (2008). The synthesis of town and trade: visualizing provincial urban identity 1800–1858', Urban History, doi
  357. (2007). The System of Comics doi
  358. (1937). The Tithe Pig', The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, doi
  359. (2008). The Triumph and Denouement of the British Fiscal State: Taxation for the Wars aganinst Revolutionary and Napoleonic France, 1793-1815',
  360. The Two Farmers (1800). Fielding, Henry, The Coffee House Politicians; or, the, Justice Caught in his Own Trap. A Comedy
  361. (1980). The Voice of the Poor: The Broadside as a Medium of Popular Culture and Dissent in Victorian England', doi
  362. (1992). Theatre and disorder in late Georgian London doi
  363. (2006). Theatric revolution: drama, censorship and Romantic period subcultures, doi
  364. (2002). Theatrical riots and cultural politics in eighteenth-century London',
  365. (2009). Thelwall: Radical Romantic and Acquitted Felon (Pickering & Chatto, doi
  366. (1996). Them Damned Pictures: Explorations in American Political Cartoon Art (North Haven, doi
  367. (1861). Thomas, The Streets of London: Anecdotes of Their More Celebrated Residents .
  368. (1861). Thomas, The Streets of London: Anecdotes of Their More Celebrated Residents.
  369. (2001). Thoughts that Flash like Lightening”: Thomas Holcroft, Radical Theatre, and the Production of Meaning in 1790s London', doi
  370. (1997). Three Cumbrian Chapbook Printers: The Dunas of Whitehaven, Ann Bell & Snthony Sculby of Penrith',
  371. (2007). Time and the Shape of History (Yale, doi
  372. (2002). to Apollo: Aesthetics and the Idea of Race doi
  373. (1967). to Cruikshank: Social Change in Graphic Satire
  374. (1644). Together with a Letter from the Margravine of Anspach to the Author (London,
  375. (2010). Transformation of Caricature: A Reading of Gillray's The Liberty of the Subject', doi
  376. (2008). Understanding Whores',
  377. (1984). Unrespectable Radicalism: infidels and pornography in early nineteenth-century 361 London', Past and Present, doi
  378. (2008). visit to the island of Elba
  379. (1986). Walpole and the Robinocracy (Chadwyck-Healey,
  380. (2001). Westminster Man: James Fox and his Electorate, 1780-1806', Parliamentary History, doi
  381. (2006). What is “National Identity”? Definitions and Applications in Modern British Historiography', doi
  382. (2000). What is a Popular Print?: An essay prompted by the exhibition 'Tabloid Culture: The Popular Print in England, 1500-1850'
  383. (2003). What Stamps the Wrinkle Deeper on the Brow?', doi
  384. (2005). Whig World: doi
  385. (2009). Who Were the Rich?: A Biographical Directory of British Wealth-Holders
  386. (2006). Wilkes: The Lives of a Libertine (Ashgate, doi
  387. (2008). Word and Image in the long Eighteenth Century', doi
  388. (2008). Words and Pictures: Writers, Artists and a Peculiarly British Tradition (London, doi
  389. (1995). Words with Pictures: Welsh images and images of Wales in the Popular Press,
  390. (1997). Words with Pictures: Welsh images and images of Wales in the Popular Press',
  391. (1988). Wretched Faces doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.