Journal of Technology Management & Innovation
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    942 research outputs found

    Sustainability-Oriented Innovation Practices and the Business Model of Internationalized Industrial Companies

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    This study analyzed the differences regarding adopting sustainability-oriented innovation practices and the business model of industrial companies considering their degree of internationalization. Quantitative research was developed with a descriptive design using a survey, and the sample comprised 104 Brazilian industrial companies. Significant differences were observed concerning products, demonstrating the consumers’ concerns regarding these aspects. As for the business model, differences were noted regarding a financial model responsible for the company’s ecological and social impacts. This aspect shows that companies operating in foreign markets include sustainability’s social, environmental, and economic dimensions in their business models. From a theoretical point of view, this study connects sustainability-oriented innovation practices and the business model by considering the degree of internationalization. As for originality, the present study relates the themes of sustainable innovation and internationalization while analyzing a developing country, whereas most articles have covered developed countrie

    The Moderating Influence of Government Policy on The Innovation Capability-Competitiveness Relationship in Food SMES

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    Food Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Indonesia have low competitiveness but receive less attention in innovation research. This study aims to analyze the relationship between innovation capability and competitiveness of food SMEs and to analyze the role of government policies in strengthening that relationship during the Covid-19 pandemic. Data were collected using an online questionnaire from food SMEs in Malang Regency. There were 162 returned and valid questionnaires for analysis. The results of the study prove that innovation capability was strongly related to the competitiveness of food SMEs. Government policies through training, credit, and marketing strengthen the relationship between product innovation and competitiveness, while it weakening the relationship between process innovation and the competitiveness of food SMEs. The Covid-19 pandemic is an externality factor that hinders resource mobility so that the production process is reduced which in turn has a negative impact on the competitiveness of food SMEs

    Eco-Innovation as a Factor in Enhancing Firm Performance: Empirical Evidence from Tunisia

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    This study aims to investigate the impact of eco-innovation on environmental performance, economic performance, as well as the reputation of firms. Based on the theoretical and empirical literature on eco-innovation, we develop our research hypotheses and our conceptual model and then we test them in the Tunisian context. To do this, we conducted a survey of 159 industrial firms in Tunisia, divided into three groups as follows: a first group formed by 25 non-innovative firms, the second group includes 73 technologically innovative firms and a third group with 61 eco-innovative firms. We applied a principal component analysis and a multiple regression to the 61 companies having already achieved eco-innovations. The results show that eco-innovation has a significant impact on the environmental performance and reputation of companies. However, it does not directly improve economic performance

    Mental Accounting in Grocery Settings: Evidence of In-Store Slack from the Expected Cost of the Basket

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    The evidence from field studies in retail environments suggests in-store slack is part of the consumer’s purchasing budget. These funds are used as a self-control mechanism so as not to exceed the budget. We propose a conceptualization of in-store slack as the difference between the expected cost of the basket and the total budget allocated for the present visit to the store. Then, we explain this slack from the composition of the customer’s basket in three branches of a supermarket chain. Using data taken from a field study, we found evidence that in-store slack is used fundamentally for unplanned purchases, which is consistent with the notion that these funds are used to finance products where the decision to purchase is made in-store. We also found evidence of unused budgetary resources being transferred to in-store slack to finance unplanned products. This supports the idea that consumers are flexible when managing their mental accounts

    Adaptive Regional Innovation Systems: Addressing Latin America\u27s Challenges

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    This study aims to present the definition and characteristics of regional innovation systems as well as actions focused on their development. For this purpose, the present study uses the neo-Schumpeterian theoretical bibliography as support for the analysis. The conclusions point out that in the Brazilian territory, companies, universities, research institutes, government institutions, among other actors, develop interactive and cooperative relationships that enable innovative development. In this field, there are habits, values, cultures, and their own productive and institutional structures that enable different patterns of regional innovation systems. It is up to the State to play the role of promoter of regional development, given its capacity to mediate interaction, deliver political articulation, and foster innovation programs. Development policies aimed at interaction and cooperation, learning processes, the formation of joint strategies, and the availability of resources are highlighted

    Factores para la implementación de una Arquitectura Cloud Computing desde la Gestión Empresarial (ERP) y Modelos de Procesos de Negocio (BPM)

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    The research is developed in response to the need to study the relationships of enterprise resource management and its planning by the requirements and execution for implementation in a business management system (ERP) with Cloud Computing architecture for the business model of a company in the field of industrial processes. It was carried out by a documentary analysis, measurements and evaluations on the basis of the contractual services for availability, compliance with the corporate parameters defined by the initial, explored and implemented business process designs, as population and units of analysis, documents and analytical references of the projects, and functionality in the work areas.  The highest values were specified, of investment in consultancy for the implementation of investment in consultancy for the implementation with 55.10% of the initial budget, but in the execution the representation decreases in -2%, in the same way the behaviour of the licence service by subscription is analysed, which determines a 22. 35% for additional payroll as a percentage of the total budget, but which suffers a percentage variation decreased by -5.25%, the participation by reasonableness of these items, indicates decreases, however increases are observed in services for consulting and management of requirements of the IT area with increases of 3.40% and 1.09% respectively.Se desarrolla la investigación ante la necesidad de estudiar las relaciones de la gestión por recursos empresariales y su planificación por los requerimientos y ejecución para implementación en un sistema de gestión empresarial (ERP) con arquitectura Cloud Computing para el modelo de negocio de una empresa del rubro de procesos industriales. Se realizó por un análisis documental, las mediciones y evaluaciones que tiene como base los servicios contractuales para la disponibilidad, los cumplimientos de los parámetros corporativos definidos por los diseños de procesos de negocio iniciales, explorados e implementados, como población y unidades de análisis, los documentos y referencias analíticas de los proyectos, y funcionalidad en las áreas de trabajo.  Se especificó los mayores valores, de inversión en consultoría para la implementación inversión en consultoría para la implementación con un 55.10% del presupuesto inicial, pero en la ejecución la representación disminuye en -2%, de igual forma se analiza el comportamiento el servicio de licencia por suscripción, que determina un 22.35% por planilla adicional como porcentaje del presupuesto total, pero que sufre una variación porcentual decrementada en un -5.25%, la participación por razonabilidad de estos ítems, indica decrementos, sin embargo se observa incrementos en servicios para la consultoría y la gestión de requerimientos del área de TI con incrementos del 3.40% y 1.09% respectivamente

    Investigating Determinants of Technology Transfer in Thailand: A Comprehensive Methodological Framework Considering the Viewpoints of Adopters and Developers

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    This study presents a systematic process to evaluate pivotal factors influencing technology transfer within the Thailand context, incorporating the perceptions of both technology adopters and developers. Utilizing a rigorous triangulation of methods, including preliminary assessments, extensive interviews, and a systematically structured questionnaire, the Evaluation Matrix of Technology Transfer (EMTT) was formulated. The EMTT encompasses six fundamental components: 1) Knowledge/Know-how, 2) Artifacts, 3) User Insight, 4) Marketing, 5) Intellectual Property, and 6) Technology Transfer Management. Notably, among these, Artifacts emerged as paramount. Divergences in perspectives between adopters and developers became evident. While adopters underscored the alignment of research outputs with user requirements, developers accentuated the importance of adept management in technology transfer. In addition, a discernable discrepancy was observed in six evaluative aspects; adopters placed a premium on the R&D prowess of researchers, whereas developers highlighted the value of research collaboration with the industrial sector. Collectively, this robust assessment paradigm offers pertinent insights, underscoring the imperatives for judicious decision-making and fostering efficacious technology transfer processes within Thailand

    Incertidumbre política como variable de estudio en las ciencias económicas y administrativas: un análisis bibliométrico

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    This study used the Scopus scientific publication database to analyse the articles that include the concept of political uncertainty as a variable of study in the economic and administrative sciences. The methodology is based on bibliometric analysis applied to the period between the years 2010 and 2022. One of the findings of the study is that the concept of political uncertainty is widely used in economic and administrative sciences researches. It is observed that related concepts such as economic policy uncertainty, political risk and climate change are also present as keywords of such studies. Lastly, it can be seen that countries such as the United States, China and the United Kingdom are the ones that contribute the most in number of publications, also, certain authors and magazines show high impact in the measurement of metrics such as the H index.En este estudio se ha utilizado la base de datos de publicaciones científicas Scopus para analizar los artículos que incluyen el concepto de incertidumbre política como variable de estudio en las ciencias económicas y administrativas. El análisis se basa técnicas bibliométricas aplicadas para el periodo comprendido entre los años 2010 y 2022. Dentro de los hallazgos del estudio se encuentra que el uso del concepto de incertidumbre política es amplio en investigaciones aplicadas en las ciencias económicas y administrativas. Asimismo, se observa que conceptos afines tales como: incertidumbre de la política económica, riesgo político y cambio climático, también muestran recurrencia como palabras claves de los estudios. Por último, se aprecia que países tales como Estados Unidos y China son los que más contribuyen en el número de publicaciones, así como determinados autores y revistas evidencian alto impacto a partir de la medición de métricas como el índice H

    Academic Spin-off Management: A Bibliometric Study

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    This research broadens the understanding of university spin-off management through a bibliometric analysis of select literature on the subject. Using the ProknowC method, papers published between 2011 and 2021 in the Scopus database were systematically analysed. The process resulted in a portfolio of 37 relevant papers that aligned with the research topics that were subject to bibliometric analyses. The results are expected to contribute to academia, policymaking, and managers in developing theoretical frameworks and actions for academic spin-offs

    A Modified Innovation Resistance Theory Approach to E-Tourism Resistance Intention in Bangladesh

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    Technology adoption in business is essential for advancement, even if it frequently encounters user resistance. The current study model examined the resistance to adopting e-tourism by online tourists in Bangladesh using the innovation resistance theory (IRT) components such as usage barriers, value barriers, risk barriers, tradition barriers, and image barriers. The influence of technophobia and facilitating conditions were considered to extend the IRT model. The purposive sampling technique was utilized in this study. Data were collected using both Google Forms and printed questionnaires from users of online travel agencies in Bangladesh. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was used to analyze data from 292 online travelers. SPSS version 25 and AMOS version 26 were used for the analysis. Results showed that technophobia is the leading cause of resistance to e-tourism, followed by facilitating conditions, risk barriers, tradition barriers, and usage barriers. However, the current study has significant theoretical and practical ramifications for executives of the e-tourism industry with regard to developing strategies to deal with the factors responsible for the resistance to e-tourism

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