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    ‘Something real’:Black Bolshevism and the Comintern

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    What 'these kids' need:discipline, misrecognition and resistance in an English academy school

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    The Magic of Mycelium

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    Fungi are extremely plentiful: they are omnipresent in our lives, yet we don’t often notice them unless we are consuming them or if they are damaging our stuff. They are found literally everywhere on Planet Earth: in oceans, soils, atmosphere, and of course, they are on and inside us in the form of yeasts. Without fungi trees and plants would not be able to sustain themselves: they would die. They consume dead matter and create nutrient-rich soils. They can also consume rock and even synthetic human-made materials such as plastic. Fungi can even survive in space and provide us with some of the smallest and the largest organisms on planet earth. Fungi demonstrate a collective intelligence – they can determine the most efficient routes around obstacles and then change direction. They can generate electrical impulses. Humans have been eating them for thousands of years, although many fungi are so poisonous that they can kill. Recent evidence from China concludes that humans were using yeasts to create alcohol and bread over 9,000 years ago. Despite this we barely know anything about them. As Merlin Sheldrake notes in his book Entangled Life quoting Alexander von Humbolt from 1845 “A sophisticated understanding of mycelium is yet to emerge. We are standing at the entrance to one of the oldest of life’s labyrinths”. Humans are just at the point of getting to know more about fungi, exploring some of their potentials. Over the last thirty years or so we have discovered that if we feed mycelium certain foodstuffs, we can create organic non-toxic material options to the multifarious synthetic petrochemicals that have proved extremely detrimental to our own and own planet’s health. Companies around the world are currently investing multi-millions of dollars developing mycelium-based projects and ring-fencing the Intellectual Property Rights to what most people think will be a business opportunity as large as that of the current petrochemical industry. Mycelium products are easy to manufacture, do not require land currently occupied by forests or farms. They can be produced in factories and even urban environments as manufacturing processes do not emit pollutants. Current materials are creating organic, compostable, and non-toxic alternatives to plastic packaging, acoustic panelling, and very soon, high performing rigid insulation for the construction sector. Recently developed mycelium variants can be used instead of leather in the fashion industry, producing fabrics for clothes and shoes. In many cases these alternatives are providing higher levels of performance than conventional synthetic materials. But we are only at the beginning of our exploration into the potentials of this hugely diverse and beneficial world of fungi, one that could enable us to once again live in harmony with our host planet.Benefits: Non-toxic, organic, and compostable. Plentiful. Provides end of live strategy for products. Part of the biosphere. Doesn’t require land to grow, and feeds of organic and even synthetic waste streams. Benefits to us and Planet Earth could be substantial as it will enable humans to turn linear (take, make, and throw away) systems into waste free circular systems. Using mycelium into of resource-depleting, greenhouse gas creating, environment-polluting, petrochemicals will helps humans clean up the natural environment.<br/

    Carbon stocks in southern England's intertidal seagrass meadows

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    This study directly analyses total carbon stock (C stocks ) samples from the Isle of Wight, Solent, and adjacent harbours in southern England, including organic carbon (Corg ) stored in the sediment and plant biomass, providing a new assessment for intertidal seagrass meadows in the UK. Results from this study contribute to global blue carbon research by reporting the first direct assessment of sediment C stocks in the top metre of intertidal seagrass meadows from the Solent region, with significant C stocks , on average 103.12 ± 71.45 MgC ha -1 , comparable to other global regions. This study also compared sediment %C org and percentage of organic matter (%OM) within seagrass meadows and adjacent, un-vegetated, sampling points, showing that un-vegetated mudflats had higher %C org and %OM than seagrass for most sites, apart from Hayling Island. This study shows that %OM can be confidently used as a proxy to determine sediment %C org values in intertidal seagrass meadows. These results support the inclusion of the region’s seagrass meadows in conservation and restoration projects, aiming not only to conserve the C stored in their soils, but also increase their future C uptake potential

    Introduction: ‘A spectre is haunting European football – the spectre of a European Super League’

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    Whilst there is a romantic myth that the European Cup was developed for sporting reasons, power, nationalism and money were significant factors. Since the formation of the European Cup in 1955, European competitions have grown in prestige and finances. The spectre of a breakaway Super League has been used repeatedly to assert the power of elite clubs. In 1992, the result was the Champions League which established a league format providing more televised games, more money and more opportunity for larger clubs to proceed in the competition. The threat of a Super League led UEFA to redesign the format of the Champions League to privilege larger clubs. Despite this, a Super League was still announced, before facing widespread resistance. This article sets up the special issue by contextualising the current Champions League in the aftermath of the Super League

    BotDroid:Permission-based Android Botnet Detection Using Neural Networks

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    Android devices can now offer a wide range of services. They support a variety of applications, including those for banking, business, health, and entertainment. The popularity and functionality of Android devices, along with the open-source nature of the Android operating system, have made them a prime target for attackers. One of the most dangerous malwares is an Android botnet, which an attacker known as a botmaster can remotely control to launch destructive attacks. This paper investigates Android botnets by using static analysis to extract features from reverse-engineered applications. Furthermore, this article delivers a new dataset of Android apps, including botnet or benign, and an optimized multilayer perceptron neural network (MLP) for detecting botnets infected by malware based on the permissions of the apps. Experimental results show that the proposed methodology is both practical and effective while outperforming other standard classifiers in various evaluation metrics.</p

    Holding Space and Sitting with Emotions:The lived experiences of Physiotherapists using psychological strategies in pain care

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    Persistent pain is the biggest global cause of years lived with disability. Physiotherapists working in pain care aim to take a holistic perspective helping persons to gain a multidimensional understanding of their condition and achieve meaningful goals despite their symptoms. In recent years there has been a paradigm shift in physiotherapeutic pain care toward a psychologically informed physiotherapy approach. Physiotherapists have incorporated principles of strategies such as: cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT); acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT); psychological flexibility; or mindfulness-based therapies in helping persons move forwards despite their pain. The purpose of this study was to explore the lived experience of physiotherapists using psychological strategies in pain care. Seven participants were purposefully recruited for this study and data was collected through semi-structured interviews. Interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) methods were used to analyze the data. Master themes were developed to help express the qualitative meanings of the lived experiences. Seven master themes were identified: 1) Trust; 2) Active listening; 3) Developing understanding; 4) Exploring the journey; 5) Making it meaningful; 6) Being held; and 7) Holding space and sitting with emotions. All themes are interwoven and profoundly connected in the essence of a safe "space." Participants described a journey toward holding space and sitting with emotions. All themes were interwoven and profoundly connected in the essence of a safe "space," where persons can voice their emotions in a non-judgmental environment. The themes may represent a pathway for the physiotherapist to facilitate a person on their journey of healing

    Art, Feminism, and Community:Feminist Art Histories from Turkey, 1973-1998

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