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    Nonprofit Organizations: Management Vulnerabilities

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    This article seeks to investigate the vulnerability of the directors of Social Organizations (SO). Specifically, this work intends to characterize the directions of the SO, to understand how the management of these organizations is carried out and, further, to understand their view on the adoption of strategies. Additionally, the organizational culture is characterized. We opted for qualitative methods and used the methodology associated with content analysis to examine the information collected from a sample of SO directors in Vila Nova de Foz Côa, namely, the Residential Structures for the Elderly (RSE), in order to analyze the weaknesses of the directions in the management of these SOs. The results of the case study partially confirm what was predicted in the theory, that is, the SOs are currently faced with several challenges and it is essential to adopt strategies in order to overcome these same challenges. What can be seen is that, although the directors aspire to an efficient and effective service provision, there are several challenges imposed on the directors, calling for the adequacy / improvement of management in the SO. Corroborating the literature, in the study we found that the directions of the SO consider that the increase in competition, the hiring and professionalization of Human Resources (HR), sustainability, the establishment of partnerships and the diversification of funding sources are presented as their own. greatest vulnerabilities. Thus, the managements should seek solutions to face the complexity that involves the management of all organizational processes, attesting that the challenges and requirements of preparing, planning and organizing all resources are great. What has been seen is the adoption of strategic planning at different levels and levels of conducive effectiveness that seek to address the needs of organizations

    Scientific Composite of Solar Energy in Pakistan; Experts’ View Point

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    The scientific composite of energy resources plays foremost role in introducing any technology. In this study, the scientific dimension of solar energy is measured by using in-depth interviews (IDIs). Eighty-five percent (85%) results of the scientific aspect, are found to establish solar energy as the ‘Best Alternative Energy Mean’ in Pakistan. This study extends the literature on solar energy and features the usefulness of solar energy. This study is beneficial to facilitate the Government of Pakistan to initiate enhanced quality of life and improved business prospects in the new avenues of economic progress.&nbsp

    An Evaluation of a Reward Management System used by the Botswana Local Authority: The Case of Gaborone City Council

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    This paper demonstrates the importance of reward management system within an organization within a local authority setting. Most importantly, the aim of this paper is evaluate reward management system used by the Gaborone City Council to motivate Council employees. Nowadays, companies are making many modifications on their rewards system to adopt internal and external changes. Reward system is used as a critical tool for driving business growth and boosting staff morale. It is important to align the right measures and reward systems with firm’s structure and culture. The role of total rewards is achieving business goals, employee productivity and employee retention cannot be underestimated. A total reward strategy has to be linked with the entire employee proposition making it a critical factor in the attraction and retention of talent in organisations. The reward management system is concerned with the formulation and implementation of strategies and policies that aim to reward employees, equitably and consistently in accordance with their value to the organization” [1]

    How Business Intelligence Can Influence the Delivery of Excellence in Botswana Accountancy College (BAC)

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    In today’s turbulent and ever changing environment, every business small or large is struggling to remain competitive and to manage the growing amount of data being generated from a number of existing (legacy) systems. Organizations have to align their business processes with their available information technology (IT) infrastructure to beat competition. In the tertiary education landscape, Botswana Accountancy College (BAC) could exploit the business-IT synergy through implementing a data warehouse strategy. Data warehousing can consolidate and unlock actionable information from the huge deposits of data lurking in the organization. Strategic decision making would be based on available accurate, subject-oriented, past and current information. With a data warehouse (DW) in place, BAC could have a unified view of its organizational performance; it is able to check on performance measures and become more agile to provide superior services to customers than would happen with any other tertiary institution at the moment. DW can support all decision making information needs for all potential end-users at strategic, tactical and operational levels. We argue that this type of business intelligence will propel BAC to become a center of higher education excellence. Results of study showed a high level of readiness for BAC to benefit from the business intelligence that could be derived from a data warehousing strategy

    Anti-Arrhythmic Effect of Amiodarone Against Salbutamol and Aminophylline

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    Tachycardia refers to an abnormally fast resting heart rate. The higher-than-normal heartbeat means there is an increase in demand for oxygen by the myocardium (heart muscle) - if this persists it can lead to myocardial infarction. There are many causes to tachycardia, and one of them is the using of ant- asthmatic drugs like salbutamol and aminophylline which are well defined to cause tachycardia. This study Used the amiodaron to overcome tachycardia that associated with use of salbutamol and aminophylline. A group of 18 New Zealand rabbits were subdivided into 3 groups; first group (G1) was control, second group (G2) was salbutamol group, and the third group (G3) was aminophylline group. G2 and G3 received salbutamol and aminophylline respectively for one day, and then administered salbutamol plus amiodaron and aminophylline plus amiodaron respectively at another day, all the drugs were administered intravenously at dose (1mg\kg). The parameters are heart rate, respiratory rate and arterial oxygen tension which were measured in each group and after 15,30,60,90,120 minutes of administration. The results shows that when salbutamol and aminophylline used alone they caused increasing in heart rate and there was a highly significant difference (P<0.01) than normal. While the mixing of amiodarone with them, the heart rate was near to normal and there was non significant difference (P>0.05)

    Managing Youth and Adolescents for Post COVID-19

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    In light with the recent pandemic outbreak, the  youth and the adolescents had fallen hard to  survive for their future proof, socio-economic  changes and the new norms that they would face. With issues that involve their future planning,  education access and job security, the right tools  to manage these adolescents are needed in aid of  their endurance. This article is discussing on how  the youth could survive in the better future that  they can shape by their own approaches which  might also include on the mastery of the latest  technologies to meet the market demands and the  future jobs that they can adapt through the global  changes due to this situation

    Spatio-temporal Patterns of Events in Historic Cairo Around Iconic Mosques

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    This paper presents spatial analysis of two of the largest events in Historic Cairo. The study aims to understand the space transformation during mawlid event in the vicinity of the iconic mosques of al-Husayn and al-Sayyida Zaynab, and the use of such space as event venues. The main objective is to understand the studied place, thus be in a better position to manage and creatively transform them for future developments in the region of historic Cairo. The study is guided by the theories of place making with special emphasis on the complexity associated with place assemblage. The research is conducted through observation, description and analysis of the scene and the activities that take place in the spaces during the mawlid event. Observations are analyzed through maps and sketches of the actual physical setting, leading to different themes extraction. The paper demonstrates how people appropriate and adapt to the urban space and how the looseness of space fulfill the diverse needs and desires of people’s behavior

    Distribution of Haemoglobin S and C in Ghana – The Role of Ethnic Barriers to Intermarriages

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    Using repeated cross-sectional data from the Ghana Ports and Harbours’ Authority (GPHA) hospital and cross-sectional household data from the Ghana Living Standards Survey 7, this paper exploits intermarriages between the northern part and southern part of Ghana as a potential underlying factor partly explaining the distribution of haemoglobin S (Hb S) and haemoglobin C (Hb C) in the country. Similar to other studies, we find evidence for a higher prevalence of Hb S and a lower prevalence of Hb C in the southern part of Ghana. We also find that the rate of intermarriage between northern ethnic groups and southern ethnic groups is just about 2.6 per cent, largely leading to the confinement of Hb S to the southern part of Ghana and Hb C to the northern part of Ghana

    Geospatial Assessment of Urban Heat Island in Port Harcourt L.G.A, Rivers State, Nigeria

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    Urban development comes with its inherent challenges such as ecosystem alteration. Remote Sensing and GIS was used to assess the spatiotemporal variation of the surface urban heat intensity in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, from 1986 to 2018. The study period was chosen with specific objectives to examine land use land cover changes and assess the spatial and temporal extent of the land surface temperature(LST), determine a relationship between LULC and LST and examine the urban heat island (UHI) intensity using the Getis-Ord Hotspot Analysis. Landsat TM, ETM+ and OLI images of the study area (1986, 2003 and 2018) were implemented to carry out the study. The results of the land use and land cover analysis revealed that urbanised areas increased and covered 51% of the study area from 1986 to 2018. Vegetative cover reduced drastically between this time period, from 57% in 1986 to 30% in 2018, as forested regions made way for urban development to occur. Bare surfaces reduced in spatial extent over the study period, while water bodies within the study area increased. The results of the land surface temperature revealed that surface temperature increased consistently between 1986 and 2018, which was a direct consequence of the increasing urban areas. In 1986 the average temperature over the study area was estimated at 20.6°C in 1986 to 27.1°C in 2003, increasing to 33.2°C by 2018. The results showed that there is a relationship between urban land and land surface temperature indicated a strong relationship between the two variables, as surfaces with impervious materials were associated with the highest LST values. The number of hotspots within the study area were found to be increasing in number and intensity over the years, with the most concentrations of hot spots found in the northern and central parts of the study area. &nbsp

    A Survey of Gastrointestinal Helminthes of Local Chickens in Abak Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State

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    Rural Poultry as practiced by the rural population is both for consumption and for income generation during festive seasons. The practice of allowing the birds to scavenge for food in the neighbourhood exposes them to disease. This research was an active surveillance of worms which parasitize these rural birds using saturated the salt floatation method. Two hundred sterile samples of the faeces of 200 rural birds were collected randomly from 10 villages in Abak Local government Area. These were transported immediately for analysis in the laboratory using floatation method with saturated salt solution. Viewing with X10 microscope it was discovered that out of the 200 samples examined for helminthes, Ascaris gallinarium was found in 92 samples or (46%), Heterakis Spp was seen with 62 0r 31% positions, Capillaria Spp was 58 or 29% and Strongyles Spp was 46 or 23%. The least was Raillietina Spp which was found in only 22 (11%). This study to the best of my knowledge is the first attempt to research into the types of worm parasites found in local birds, though it has been conducted in other parts of Nigeria and the World over. It was concluded that there is a light prevalence of helminthes in Abak in rural birds, which will lead to high loses. This we advice for educate the rural community in better husbandry practice to preserve the rural poultry population


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