PERAN KEBIJAKAN OPEN ACCESS INFORMASI DALAM MEMBANGUN KOMUNIKASI ILMIAH DI PERPUSTAKAAN PERGURUAN TINGGI
Sebagai lembaga informasi, perpustakaan dituntut untuk memberikan akses informasiseluas-luasnya kepada masyarakat dengan menerapkan konsep open access information,agar informasi yang tersedia dapat dimanfaatkan secara maksimal baik offline maupunonline. Perpustakaan Perguruan Tinggi yang juga penyedia informasi tentunya sudahmemanfaatkan teknologi informasi dalam menyebarkan informasi yang dimilikinya, akantetapi diseminasi informasi yang dilakukan belum maksimal dalam memberikan akseskepada penggunananya. Diseminasi informasi yang dilakukan masih memberikan batasanbatasan, informasi mana yang bisa diakses. Pemberian batasan ini karena menganggapgerakan open akses informasi merupakan sebuah tindakan melegalkan plagiarisme dikalangan mahasiswa dan dosen. Open akses informasi di Perpustakaan sebenarnyamemiliki peran dalam membangun komunikasi Ilmiah yang berkelanjutan, hal ini karenadengan adanya kebijakan open akses dapat membuka peluang bagi mereka untukmenghasikan karya-karya baru yang berguna bagi proses pengembangan ilmu pengetahuandan teknologi di Indonesia. Pengetahuan-pengetahuan baru tersebut diharapkan dapatdiakses, dimanfaatkan, dan menjadi rujukan bagi pengembangan keilmuan di masa yangakan datang. Dengan adanya gerakan open akses, Pustakawan juga memiliki peran dalammendistribusikan informasi. Pustakawan diharapkan dapat melakukan penajaman programprogram pendidikan kesarjanaan Ilmu Perpustakaan dan Informasi, program-programberkelanjutan dalam betuk latihan dan penyegaran tentang komunikasi ilmiah diPerpustakaan-perpustakaan perguruan Tinggi, Pustakawan secara aktif mempromosikanInstitutional Repositories, ikut terlibat dalam pengembangan dan perubahan sistempublikasi ilmiah dan memastikan dukungan kebijakan dari universitas dan perpustakaansebagai tempat bernaungnya para pustakawan yang menggalakan kebijakan open accessterhadap informasi
KUALITAS PAPAN KOMPOSIT BERLAPIS FINIR DARI SABUT KELAPA DAN PLASTIK POLIETILENA DAUR ULANG: VARIASI UKURAN PARTIKEL SABUT KELAPA
Agricultural fibers are currently used as a substituted resource to wood-based products. One of agricultural fibers that has been developed and become a resource for panel products is coir (coconut fiber). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the quality of veneered composite board made of coir and recycled polyethylene (RPE). The target density of board samples was 0.7 g/cm3. The board construction type is core type composite board (three layers). Veneers from Meranti (Shorea sp.) were used as face and back layers and coir was in the core layer. RPE composition was 50% based on coir particle and veneers oven dry weights. Recycled plastics were placed in three layers, 30% on the face and back layers, and 70% in the core layer. The coir sizes were under 1 cm, 1 cm, 5 cm, 10 cm, and 10 cm up (along coir size). The composite board samples were tested by JIS A 5908 – 1994. Each parameter was measured in three replications. The research results obtained are as follows : (1) Veneered composite boards made of coir and RPE fulfill the JIS A 5908 standard in term of density, thickness swelling after 2 and 24 hours of water immersions, modulus of elasticity, modulus of rupture and internal bond, and (2) The coir size did not significantly affect the properties of composite board. Keywords: veneered composite board, coir size, recycled polyethylen
This study was aimed at determining the pore characteristic (type, dimension and frequency of vessel) of teak from different clones (Cloned Cepu and Madiun). For the purpose of the study, teak wood samples with the age of 7 years were taken from research site number 22a of RPH Banaran, BKPH Playen, Gunung Kidul, in Watu Sipat Forests, Biotechnology and Forest Tree Improvement Research Facilities in Yogyakarta at different planting distances (3 m x 3 m and 2 m x 6 m). Results show that the type of pores is diffuse-porous until the 3th growth ring and after that; it becomes semi ring-porous. The variation of diameter, length and frequency of vessels from cloned Cepu and spacing 3 m x 3 m are comparatively uniform compared to that of cloned Madiun and spacing 2 m x 6 m. Key words: Cloned teak, pores, planting distance, Cepu, Madiu
ANALISIS TINGKAT KERAWANAN TANAH LONGSOR MENGGUNAKAN METODE FREKUENSI RASIO DI DAERAH ALIRAN SUNGAI BIALO
Landslide is a movement of soil with slope direction and moves it on a slide. This study aimed to predict the landslide susceptibility map by using a frequency ratio. It used seven causative factors, such as slope, curvature, land use, lithology, distance to a river, distance to lineament, and rainfall. The result showed the AUC of success rate and predicted rate produced high accuracy with 0.907 and 0.904, respectively. According to the frequency ratio, the slope was the most influential than the other causative factors with 7.15. The landslide susceptibility divided into five classes, i.e. very low, low, moderate, high, and very high. Landslide susceptibility with very high and high was 19%. Moreover, classes susceptibility of very low, low, and moderate were 71%. The presentation of very high and high susceptibility is low, but it was located on an upper stream, and it will be a danger if to the downstream.
KEANEKARAGAMAN DAN KELIMPAHAN JENIS LIANA (TUMBUHAN MEMANJAT) PADA HUTAN ALAM DI HUTAN PENDIDIKAN UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Liana is group of climbing species which is typical and characterize the tropical rain forest. This species have important value both ecologically and economically. However, data on this group on species in South Sulawesi, in particular in the Hasanuddin University Experimental Forest is not yet available.This study aimed to determine the diversity and abudance liana species present in the natural forest area of Hasanuddin University Experimental Forest. 15 plots was set in the order to observe the diversity and abudance of liana species. The data were analysed and presented interm of important value index, diversity index, abudance index, and evenness index. The results showed that there were various species of liana in which there were found 81 species, consist of 764 individuals. The most common species was Smilax sp, wich mostly claimb on Toona sureni, Buchanania arboreschense and Flacortia rucam as a host. Key words: diversity, abudance, liana, natural forest, Hasanuddin University Experimental Fores
Aquilaria yunnanensis S.C. Huang (Thymelaeaceae), known to be endemic to Yunnan, is recorded for the first time from Dong Son Ky Thuong Nature Reserve, Quang Ninh Province, Vietnam. A taxonomic description and DNA analysis based on our Vietnamese collections are presented, together with information on its distribution, habitat and colour photographs
A number of studies have discussed the importance of facilitation for improving the outcomes of Social Forestry programs. However, more detailed studies about the SF stakeholders should be prioritized, particularly those related to the types of facilitation among those that work with community forest user groups. This paper aims to fill this gap by analyzing community perspectives on who should be prioritized to receive facilitation and what type of facilitation is needed. We conduct the study in Lampung Province in 2017, focusing on Community Forestry (Hutan Kemasyarakatan/HKm), one of the first social forestry schemes implemented by the Indonesian Government. Based on an analysis of Analytic Hierarchy Process, this paper found that HKm participants have identified three top priorities for facilitation: individual members, community forestry groups, and other villagers (non-members of community forestry groups). Nevertheless, communities still see the importance of facilitation for external facilitators and government staff. The Analytic Hierarchy Process also shows that the most preferable type of facilitation for communities is based on entrepreneurship. These are particularly important for SF groups that have been established for more than ten years. This finding contrasts with previous studies arguing that the most needed facilitation in SF is strengthening community institutions
This article uses the case of Thailand’s two economic policies –the border Special Economic Zones and the Thailand 4.0 model, to explore geopolitics of the Thai-Burmese borderland. It also discuss a theoretical gap in accounting the ways in which the state engages with transnational flows of capital and peoples, and proposes to use the concept of ‘border partial citizenship’ to bridge this gap. It argues that the shift in Thailand’s economic policy portrayed the different ways in which the Thai state envisaged its geographical territory in relations to capital and human mobility. In the border SEZ project, the Thai borderland is a site where the state loosened its relationship with its non-subjects. However, while the border regions seem increasingly opening for migrant mobility, the inner core of the Thai geo-body, a geographical territory that embodies nationhood, is proportionately hyper-sanitized by patriotic discourses of the national advancement in knowledge-based economy and the harsh policy toward undocumented migrant populatio
People, Land and Poppy: the Political Ecology of Opium and the Historical Impact of Alternative Development in Northwest Thailand
Thailand’s near-total elimination of opium poppy cultivation is attributed to “alternative development” programming, which replaces illicit crops with licit ones. However, opium poppy cultivation was not drastically reduced because substitute crops earned the same income as opium: nothing can equal the price of opium to smallholder farmers, especially those without land tenure. Thailand’s reduction in poppy cultivation was achieved by the increased presence and surveillance capability of state security actors, who, year by year, were able to locate and destroy fields, and arrest cultivators, with increasing accuracy. This coercion was also accompanied by benefits to cultivators, including the provision of health and education services and the extension of roads; both stick and carrot constituted the encroachment of the Thai state. The provision of citizenship to hill tribe members also gave them a vested interest in the state, through their ability to hold land, access health care, education and work opportunities, amongst others. These initiatives did not occur without costs to hill tribe cultures for whom a symbiotic relationship with the land was and remains disrupted. These findings indicate that alternative development programming unlinked to broader state-building initiatives in Afghanistan, Myanmar and other opium poppy-producing areas will fail, because short-term, high-yield, high value, imperishable opium will remain the most logical choice for poor farmers, especially given the lack of a farmer’s vested interest in the state which compels them to reduce their income whilst offering them no other protections or services.
Potential Economic and Development Prospects of Non Timber Forest Products in Community Agroforestry Land around Sibolangit Tourism Park
The communities who live around Sibolangit Tourism Park have developed nontimber forest products (NTFP) in their own agroforestry lands. This research evaluates the potential economic and development prospects from NTFP development in the Park by examining: (1) type of NTFP and economic value from community agrofrestry land, (2) contribution of NTFPs on household income, (3) development prospects of NTFP-based agroforestry around Sibolangit Tourism Park. The research was conducted in two selected villages around Sibolangit Tourism Park: Sembahe Village and Batu Mbelin Village. The research took place over a period between June and August 2016. Research data was obtained from in-depth interviews and observations. A descriptive method was used to analyze and describe facts related to the research aims. The type of NTFPs cultivated by communities at the research sites include mangosteen, durian, garcinia, candlenut, lanzones, lansium, bitter bean, and areca nut (as their forestry component) and ginger, turmeric, chili, papaya, etlingera, and banana (as the agriculture component). Most NTFPs are cultivated as a comercial product. The economic value of NTFPs in Batu Mbelin Village has reached Rp. 547,275,000/year or contribute 80.07% of total family income. Meanwhile, the economic value of NTFPs in Sembahe Village has reached Rp 682,100,000/year, contributing to 78.75% of total household income. Therefore, the prospects for supporting and expanding NTFP in agroforestry plots in and around Sibolangit Tourism Park has high potential for supporting household incom