St. Andrew’s Repository System (STARS) / 桃山学院大学学術機関リポジトリ

    1996年度研究所委員会

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    日本の音声業界における報酬制度とその歴史

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    目次28

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    Toward a High Quality of Life in the Mature Society : Beyond GDP (第32回桃山学院大学・啓明大学校国際学術セミナー)

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    GDP is a widely used category, which measures economic growth, and the government for public policy decisions uses that, and so on. A well-known fact is, however, that "GDP is not a measure of economic welfare." This paper is a brief review of GDP, welfare, and happiness to obtain a clue toward a high quality of life society, and presents a brief view of this society. First, we explore weaknesses of the GDP concept : (1) market failures in the measurement of GDP, and (2) the conceptual distortions or limitations viewed from the viewpoint of welfare. Second, toward a welfare viewpoint, we explain the measurement of Net National Welfare (NNW) and the questions, and the importance of social balance. Third, as the further development we explain some important points of the Genuine Progress Indicator (GPI ), social indicators, and happiness research. Finally, we present a brief view what the high quality of life in the mature society should have

    内には菩薩の儀を密し,外には聲聞の形を現す(1) : 行基を賛美する景戒の言葉

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    In the Nihonryoiki, Kyokai the compiler admires Gyoki as "a bosatu with a shomon exterior," This expression is traceable to the Saddharmapundarika, where its purport is radically different, There the Buddha recommends his disciples to hide their purpose and pretend to be sravakas to avoid their antipathy, Kyokai makes alterations to the expression, so that it may mean "a great man with a shabby exterior." The idea of "onjin-no-hijiri" reflects in this Japanese meaning

    中国国有農場のロシア進出の実態

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    This paper reports the current situation of the advance of Chinese national farms in Russia. According to the material, this movement is regarded as the result of the surplus labor in Chinese rural area. It can also be attributed to the result of Chinese securing foods. The advance into the Republic of Kazakhstan is reported as well. Roles of the government, national farms and the family business are regarded as follows; Family business actors are the agents of the advance and management. They have at least over 33.3ha farms, some have about thousands Mu. They usually have as large as 10-100 times of those in domestic farms. National farms act as the association of the advance and the contractor of land lease. Government sector negotiates and seals agreements with the counter countries for the advance. The material also illustrated the following problems; Russian side has problems such as 1) collapsed agricultural infrastructure after the end of Soviet Union, 2) strict policy of the custom and immigrant office and difficulties in obtaining the visa, 3) difficulties in seeking productive tools, 4) Russian\u27s hostile attitude that regarding China as "threat," 5) difficulties in sales in the far east of Russia and so on. Chinese side has problems such as 1) individual farms\u27 financial shortage of development funds, 2) jumps of importing costs (cheaper cost of producing in Russia loses its merit because of the high tariff,) and so on. To solve these problems, the material insisted the steps such as government\u27s positive action, non-profitable insurance, and advantageous tariff for imported agricultural products from Russia, low interest funds for the family business farms and their workers

    スンバ デ イエ オ タテルコト インドネシア トノ ブンカテキ コウリュウ オ フカメル タメノ プロジェクト ホウコク 1

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    The purpose of this paper is to report the activities of the "Rebuilding Ancestral Houses Project" that we carried out in the ancestral village of Wunga (Parai Wunga) on the island of Sumba, Indonesia. This is the first half of the full report that depicts the cultural and social background of the ancestral houses (uma marapu) and reports progress in the rebuilding of Uma Makatemba (the House of Collection) in Wunga. The project was formed jointly by Momoyama Gakuin University, the National Museum of Ethnology and Takenaka Carpentry Tools Museum. Also, this is a part of "the Project for Developing Cultural Cooperation between Japan and Indonesia" funded by the Research Institute of Momoyama Gakuin University. The main aim of the project is to help the villagers rebuild Uma Ratu (the Priest\u27s House) which is the most sacred and dignified house in Wunga. It is necessary to support them because they are so impoverished that they cannot rebuild it by themselves. Also, we are convinced that the necessary skill and knowledge for building it will vanish unless we start the project immediately. In March, 2008 they began to restore Uma Makatemba, the venue for the meeting that precedes work on Uma Ratu. Thereafter they suddenly stopped their preparations for rebuilding Uma Ratu because of some obstacles they had encountered such as the death of two elders in Wunga. After hearing our request, instead of Uma Ratu they decided to rebuild four ancestral houses in October, 2008, allowing our staff to film the procedures to make ethnographic documentaries. Throughout our program we faced two problems, which may arise in most aid projects. First, it was difficult to attain our main objective while taking the local requirements into account. Second, the funding we provide may cause troubles among the local society we would like to support. To avoid creating such problems, we should demand transparency of accounting from the donee side
    St. Andrew’s Repository System (STARS) / 桃山学院大学学術機関リポジトリ is based in JP
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