Pusat Jurnal UIN Ar-Raniry (Universitas Islam Negeri)
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    Indication of Istihsan Qiyas Khafi Al-Bazdawi in Contemporary Fatwa in Indonesia

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    This research aims to analyze Istihsan qiyas Khafi al-Bazdawi as indicated in contemporary fatwas in Indonesia. What is the concept of Istihsan qiyas khafi al-Bazdawi, and how is it relevant to contemporary fatwas in Indonesia? The research method used is descriptive analysis with a literature study approach sourced from journals, websites, books by al-Bazdawi and his lecturers. The results of the research show that Istihsan qiyas khafi al-Bazdawi is a process of intifa' (taking benefits) on a legal object by using qiyas/illat (legal reasons) khafi (hidden) by removing qiyas/illat jali (real reasons in law), and Istihsan Khafi al-Bazdawi's qiyas are considered relevant to a number of contemporary fatwas of the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI), including: 1) the prosperity of cash waqf Sukuk, 2) the ease of Sukuk Mudharabah, Murabahah, Musyarakah, 3) the ease of Sweb when fasting, 4) the ease of Vaccine injection while fastin

    Cadar dalam Tinjauan Hukum Islam dan Budaya

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    Perspektif Islam tentang cadar terikat dan dibatasi oleh konsep aurat. Sebagian ulama memandang wajah bukan termasuk aurat untuk itu wajah tidak harus ditutup dengan cadar. Sebagian yang lain melihat dan menyimpulkan wajah sebagai aurat perempuan sehingga wajib bagi perempuan menutup wajah dengan cadar. Perspektif budaya, sosial dan politik juga mengikuti trend cadar di tengah masyarakat. Di Aceh penggunaan cadar dari tahun ke tahun cenderung meningkat khusunya setelahTsunami. Di Fakultas Syariah dan Hukum UIN Ar-Raniry terdapat sepuluh mahasiswi pengguna cadar yang sempat diwawancarai dengan beberapa alasan berbeda, di antaranya karena ikut-ikutan senior tanpa mengetahui dalil dan urgensinya lebih dalam, sering mengikuti kajian, karena menggunakan cadar dipahami sebagai sunnah dan terinspirasi dari orang lain. Motivasi penggunaannya berbeda-beda sesuai struktur pemahaman terhadap hukum cadar, keimanan atau sekedar mengikut trend. Tidak hanya itu, isu cadar ini juga memunculkan ragam pandangan dan penolakan dari kalangan feminisme. Untuk itu, tulisan ini dikemukakan untuk memperoleh gambaran detail dan rinci tentang hukum cadar dan berbagai respon terhadap penggunaannya di tengah-tengah masyarakat juga mengemukakan hasil wawancara terhadap sepuluh orang mahasiswi pengguna cadar

    THE IMPLEMENTATION OF MULTIMEDIA-ASSISTED MATHEMATICAL HABITS OF MIND TO IMPROVE STUDENTS CRITICAL THINKING

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    One of the current educational goals is to train students to communicate in the teaching and learning process and have the skills to think in enhancing learning outcomes, one of which is critical thinking skills. This study aimed to compare students' critical thinking skills taught by multimedia-assisted mathematical habits of mind (MHM) learning strategies and those taught by conventional learning strategies for students at SMPS Ummul Ayman Samalanga. It uses a quasi-experimental method. The population of this study is all grade 8 students at the Private Yunior High School (SMPS) Ummul Ayman Samalanga. Two classes of grade 8 were randomly selected as experimental and control groups. Data was collected by using pre-test and post-test procedures. The results of data analysis by using the independent samples t-test showed that the value of t-observation is 9.53 and the value of t-table is 1.68. So, because the value of t-observation is greater than the value of t-table, it can be concluded that students' mathematical critical thinking skills taught by MHM learning strategies are better than the critical thinking skills of those taught by conventional learning strategies. The conclusion can be reached because the instruction in the experiment class motivated students to be more active in reconstructing teaching materials individually and in pairs

    Development of PLTS Trainers as Learning Media in the Energy Conversion Laboratory

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    Enhancing the quality of learning is worthy by the availability of PLTS trainers. This work intends to build and create PLTS trainers as learning material for renewable energy generation. The preparation of this study was divided into two stages: first, a PLTS media trainer kit and a practical training module that functioned as a handbook for using the media trainer were created. The ADDIE method is used as the development model for the practical guiding module and media trainer. Based on the data analysis findings show that the 10Wp solar module can provide a maximum energy of 5.11Wp for 11 hours when charging a 7.5Ah battery. With a 63 Watt total load, the PLTS trainer's Ah battery can run for 37 minutes. With an average percentage of 93% and 92%, respectively, the material expert validator and media expert have deemed the media trainer and practicum instruction module feasible. This places them in the very good categor

    Utilization of PDAM Sedimentation Sludge as a Multi Soil Layering (MSL) Substance in the Degradation of Liquid Waste Contaminants from the Tofu Industry

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    Multi Soil Layering (MSL) is a procedure for treating liquid waste that employs soil as its primary medium. In addition to soil as the primary medium, it can also use sedimentation waste (PDAM) as an alternative. This study included two variations: HLR value variations and HRT value variations. The results indicated that the HLR values were 11.48 L/m2/hour, 4.76 L/m2/hour, and 2.48 L/m2/hour, with 2.48 L/m2/hour exhibiting the highest level of effectiveness. The pH and DO values changed to 7.4 and 19.5 mg/L, respectively, and the TSS value effectiveness reached 76.32%, the TDS value degradation reached 75.21%, the turbidity degradation reached 99.69%, and the COD degradation reached 99.66. At the HRT values of 4 hours, 6 hours, 8 hours, 10 hours, and 12 hours, the effectiveness level of the greatest HRT variation occurred at 12 hours, where the value of changes in pH and DO became 19.5 mg/L and became 7.5, and the effectiveness COD value degradation reached 98.95%, BOD value degradation reached 51.11%, and TSS degradation reached 73.5%. The obtained results indicate that the MSL method with PDAM sedimentation waste material is capable of reducing pollutant levels in the tofu manufacturing industry

    Penggunaan Rapid Sand Filtration (RSF) dalam mengolah Limbah Cair Pasar Ikan Lambaro Aceh Besar

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    Pasar ikan adalah salah satu zona di pasar ikan Lambaro. Limbah pencucian ikan di pasar Lambaro tidak diolah terlebih dahulu melainkan langsung dibuang ke selokan lalu ke badan air. Limbah cair pasar ikan yang tidak diolah dapat menyebabkan kerusakan lingkungan. Salah satu metode yang dapat digunakan untuk mengolah limbah cair adalah menggunakan filtrasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keefektifan pengolahan limbah cair pasar ikan Lambaro menggunakan metode Rapid Sand Filtration (RSF). Penelitian ini menggunakan metode RSF. Media filter berupa arang aktif, pasir, ijuk dan kerikil yang dimasukkan kedalam kolom filtrasi dengan waktu tinggal 15, 30 dan 45 menit.  Analisa penyisihan pengotor  yaitu COD, TSS dan Turbiditas. Hasil dari penelitian ini untuk parameter COD berhasil menyisihkan hingga 94,07%, TSS 89,86 dan Turbiditas 63,98%. Ditinjau dari Baku mutu lingkungan, penelitian ini berhasil menurunkan parameter pencemar COD dan TSS hingga dibawah baku mutu Permen LH tahun 2014

    Cigarettes: Between Behavior, Habits, and Law

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    Tobacco products known as cigarettes are strongly opposed because of the large amount of toxins contained in them. Although the government has given warnings about the dangers of smoking. However, it did not have an effect. This research aims to examine Cigarettes: Between Behavior, Habits, and Law. Qualitative research methods with a normative legal approach. Research results: (1) Smoking habit. Smoking is currently a frequent behavior. In fact, the realization of the preservation of the soul in Islam is the most important part. For, the preservation of the soul simultaneously sees the need for the preservation of the body by not getting used to smoking; (2) Smoking consumption and smoking behavior. The consumer behavior of smokers has taken its decision to continue consuming cigarettes. In the future, consumer smokers constantly needed cigarettes as a smoking need; and (3) Smoking laws according to Islamic organizations in Indonesia: (1) Smoking mubah according to Nahdhatul Ulama (NU) and the Islamic Union (PERSIS); (2) Smoking is makruh and haram according to the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI); and (3) Smoking is haram according to Muhammadiyah

    KEMAMPUAN CRITICAL THINGKING SISWA KELAS XI SMA NEGERI 1 BEDUAI PADA MODEL PEMBELAJARAN DARING MENGGUNAKAN E-MODUL MATERI FLUIDA DINAMIS

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    Masalah dalam penelitian ini adalah Bagaimanakah Deskripsi Kemampuan Critical Thingking Siswa Kelas XI SMA Negeri 1 Beduai Pada Model Pembelajaran Daring Materi Fluida Dinamis. Adapun tujuan dalam penelitian ini adalah untuk memperoleh data lengkap mengenai “Deskripsi Kemampuan Critical Thingking Siswa Kelas XI SMA Negeri 1 Beduai pada Model Pembelajaran Daring Materi Fluida Dinamis”. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian deskriptif kuantitatif dengan desain: pengumpulan data, pengolahan data, dan analisis data. Subjek dalam penelitian ini yaitu siswa kelas XI IPA SMA Negeri 1 Beduai yang berjumlah 33 orang terdiri dari 22 siswi perempuan dan 11 siswa laki-laki. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dan pengolahan data diperoleh deskripsi kemampuan critical thingking siswa dengan rata-rata keseluruhan yaitu 79% siswa berada di kategori rendah, 6% siswa berada di kategori sedang dan 15% siswa berada di kategori tinggi. Sehingga dapat disimpulkan kemampuan critical thingking siswa pada pembelajaran daring materi fluida dinamis rata-rata keseluruhan berada pada kategori rendah yaitu 79

    Bullying on Social Media: Primitive Behavior Against Prophetic Marchals From A Hadith Ahkam Perspective

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    This article aims to outline some prophetic instructions regarding social interaction to avoid bullying behavior. This study uses a normative qualitative method, namely analyzing hadiths related to bullying with an ahkam hadith perspective.  This study concludes that bullying behavior from the perspective of hadith is: 1) The Hadith narrated by Ibn Majah generally explains how the Prophet's Hadith views bullying as leading to degrading behavior. This is obtained from the word ihtiqarwhich has a correlation in meaning with the orientation of bullying behavior itself, namely degrading. Then a complete reading of the hadith narrated by Imam Muslim adds an explanation of indications of bullying behavior such as envy, hatred, belittling and tyrannizing other people. These attitudes are the seeds of hostility and division between people; 2) The basic idea of Ibn Majah's hadith number 3203 is the value of humanism, namely the effort to maintain a humane attitude towards fellow humans in any situation and condition. In the previous comprehensive thematic study, it was also sufficient to contribute to the conclusion of the basic idea of the hadith studied, namely explaining the consequences for perpetrators of bullying both verbally and physically. This spirit is in line with the spirit of humanism which condemns all kinds of acts of harassment or degrading towards fellow human beings. Therefore, in the perspective of ahkam hadith there is a need for preventive measures in order to prevent or overcome this act of bullying; 3) The preventive measures offered by this hadith are: a) providing spiritual awareness of the importance of preventing bullying early, b) supporting cooperation and breaking the cycle of conflict, c) eliminating inferiority for victims of bullying and honing assertive skills

    The Effectiveness of Listening Team Learning Strategies to Improve the Results of class five in Fiqh Lesson at Islamic Boarding School Darussalam Gontor 2 for Female

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    Listening Team Strategy cooperative learning model that requires students to think critically, and each group has a different task. So, students can play an active role in expressing their opinions. The low average result in fiqh lesson (bidayatul mujtahid) of class five in Fiqh lesson (Bidayatul Mujtahid) of Islamic Boarding School Darussalam Gontor 2 for female shows that students do not understand the material as whole. Based on the description above, this research aims to: (1) Know the result before and after using the methode from Listening Team in strategy for the experimental class and (2) know the result before and after using conventional learning in the control class (3) to know the effectiveness of listening team strategy on learning outcomes  (Bidayatul Mujtahid) of class five in Fiqh lesson at Islamic Boarding School Darussalam Gontor 2 for female. The type of research in this study is quantitative experiments using a quasi-experiment design, namely a nonequivalent control group design with the form of a pretest-posttest control group design. Test the initial and final tests in both classes. Based on the results of this study, researchers concluded that the Listening Team strategy effected to increase the learning outcomes of class five of Islamic teacher training college. Researchers hope that further research to deepen the learning tractor and improve student outcomes. It can help students to understand learning material, especially fiqh lesson

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